Hilkiah

Hilkiah [N] [H] [S]

portion of Jehovah.

  • 1 Chronicles 6:54 .
  • 1 Chronicles 26:11 .
  • The father of Eliakim ( 2 Kings 18:18 2 Kings 18:26 2 Kings 18:37 ).
  • The father of Gemariah ( Jeremiah 29:3 ).
  • The father of the prophet ( Jeremiah 1:1 ).

  • The high priest in the reign of Josiah ( 1 Chronicles 6:13 ; Ezra 7:1 ). To him and his deputy ( 2 Kings 23:5 ), along with the ordinary priests and the Levites who had charge of the gates, was entrusted the purification of the temple in Jerusalem. While this was in progress, he discovered in some hidden corner of the building a book called the "book of the law" ( 2 Kings 22:8 ) and the "book of the covenant" ( 23:2 ). Some have supposed that this "book" was nothing else than the original autograph copy of the Pentateuch written by Moses ( Deuteronomy 31:9-26 ). This remarkable discovery occurred in the eighteenth year of Josiah's reign (B.C. 624), a discovery which permanently affected the whole subsequent history of Israel. (See JOSIAH; SHAPHAN .)

  • Nehemiah 12:7 .
  • Nehemiah 8:4 .

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Hilkiah". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

  • Hilkiah [N] [E] [S]

    God is my portion
    Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names. Public Domain. Copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Hitchcock, Roswell D. "Entry for 'Hilkiah'". "An Interpreting Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names". . New York, N.Y., 1869.

    Hilkiah [N] [E] [H]

    (God is my portion )

    1. Father of Eliakim. ( 2 Kings 18:37 ; Isaiah 22:20 ; 36:22 ) [ELIAKIM]
    2. High priest in the reign of Josiah. ( 2 Kings 22:4 ) seq. 2Chr 34:9 seq.; 1 Esd. 1:8. (B.C. 623.) His high priesthood was rendered particularly illustrious by the great reformation effected under it by King Josiah, by the solemn Passover kept at Jerusalem in the 18th year of that kings reign, and above all by the discovery which he made of the book of the law of Moses in the temple.
    3. A Merarite Levite, son of Amzi ( 1 Chronicles 6:45 ) hebr. 30.
    4. Another Merarite Levite, second son of Hosah. ( 1 Chronicles 26:11 )
    5. One of those who stood on the right hand of Ezra when he read the law to the people; doubtless a Levite, and probably a priest. ( Nehemiah 8:4 ) (B.C 410.)
    6. A priest of Anathoth, father of the prophet Jeremiah. ( Jeremiah 1:1 ) (B.C. before 628.)
    7. Father of Gemariah, who was one of Zedekiahs envoys to Babylon. ( Jeremiah 29:3 ) (B.C. long before 587.)

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names

    Bibliography Information

    Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Hilkiah'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.

    HILKIAH

    hil-ki'-a (chilqiyah, "Yah is my portion" or "Yah's portion"):

    The name of 8 individuals in the Old Testament or 7, if the person mentioned in Nehemiah 12:7,21 was the same who stood with Ezra at the reading of the Law (Nehemiah 8:4). The latter appears as Ezecias (the King James Version) in 1 Esdras 9:43. Five of this name are clearly associated with the priesthood, and the others are presumably so. The etymology suggests this. Either interpretation of the name expresses the person's claim on Yahweh or the parents' recognition of Yahweh's claim on him.

    (1) The person mentioned above (Nehemiah 8:4, etc.).

    (2) A Levite of the sons of Merari (1 Chronicles 6:45).

    (3) Another Levite of Merari, son of Hosah (1 Chronicles 26:11). Is he the "porter," i.e. "doorkeeper" of 1 Chronicles 16:38?

    (4) Father of the Gemariah whom Zedekiah of Judah sent to Nebuchadnezzar (Jeremiah 29:3).

    (5) The man in 2 Kings 18:18 who is evidently more famous as the father of Eliakim, the majordomo of Hezekiah's palace (Isaiah 22:20; 36:3). Probably the father's name is given in this and similar cases to distinguish between two persons of otherwise identical name.

    (6) A priest of Anathoth, father of Jeremiah (Jeremiah 1:1).

    (7) The son of Shallum, and the best known of the name (1 Chronicles 6:13). He is great-grandfather of Ezra through his son Azariah (1 Esdras 8:1; compare 1 Chronicles 9:11; Nehemiah 11:11). He discovered the lost Book of the Law during the repairing of the Temple (2 Kings 22:4,8); became chief leader in the ensuing reformation in 621 BC (2 Kings 23:4; 2 Chronicles 34:9; 35:8). He showed the recovered book to Shaphan the scribe, who, in turn, brought it to the notice of the king. At Josiah's request he led a deputation to Huldah the prophetess to "inquire of the Lord" concerning the new situation created by the discovery. The book discovered is usually identified with the Book of Deuteronomy.

    See DEUTERONOMY.

    Henry Wallace


    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.

    Bibliography Information
    Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'HILKIAH'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.