trodden down (called also Jahaza, Joshua 13:18 ; Jahazah, 21:36 ; Jahzah, 1 Chronicles 6:78 ), a town where Sihon was defeated, in the borders of Moab and in the land of the Ammonites beyond Jordan, and north of the river Arnon ( Numbers 21:23 ; Deuteronomy 2:32 ). It was situated in the tribe of Reuben, and was assigned to the Merarite Levites ( Joshua 13:18 ; 21:36 ). Here was fought the decisive battle in which Sihon (q.v.) was completely routed, and his territory (the modern Belka) came into the possession of Israel. This town is mentioned in the denunciations of the prophets against Moab ( Isaiah 15:4 ; Jeremiah 48:34 ).
Jahaz, also Jahaza, Jahazah and Juhzah
(trodden down ). Under these four forms is given in the Authorized Version the name of a place which in the Hebrew appears as Yahats and Yahtsah . At Jahaz the decisive battle was fought between the children of Israel and Sihon king of the Amorites. ( Numbers 21:23 ; 2:32 ; Judges 11:20 ) It was in the allotment of Reuben. ( Joshua 13:18 ) Like many others relating to the places east of the Dead Sea, the question of its site must await further research.
ja'-haz (yahats, Isaiah 16:4; Jeremiah 48:34, yahatsah, or yahtsah, Numbers 21:23; Deuteronomy 2:32; Joshua 13:18; 21:36, the King James Version "Jahazah"; Judges 11:20; Jeremiah 48:21; 1 Chronicles 6:78, "Jahzah"):
This is the place where in a great battle Israel overwhelmed Sihon king of the Amorites, and then took possession of all his territory (Numbers 21:23, etc.). It is named along with Beth-baal-meon and Kedemoth (Joshua 13:18), with Kedemoth (Joshua 21:37) pointing to a position in the Southeast of the Amorite territory. It was given to Reuben by Moses, and was one of the cities in the portion of that tribe assigned to the Merarite Levites. Mesha (MS, ll. 18 if) says that the king of Israel dwelt in Jahaz when at war with him. Mesha drove him out, and the city passed into the hands of Moab. It is referred to as a city of Moab in Isaiah 15:4; Jeremiah 48:21,34. Cheyne thinks that either Jahaz or Kedemoth must be represented today by the important ruins of Umm er-Recac, about 2 1/2 hours North of Dibon toward the desert (EB, under the word). No certain identification is possible.
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