After the Captivity this name was applied to the whole of the country west of the Jordan ( Haggai 1:1 Haggai 1:14 ; 2:2 ). But under the Romans, in the time of Christ, it denoted the southernmost of the three divisions of Palestine ( Matthew 2:1 Matthew 2:5 ; 3:1 ; 4:25 ), although it was also sometimes used for Palestine generally ( Acts 28:21 ).
The province of Judea, as distinguished from Galilee and Samaria, included the territories of the tribes of Judah, Benjamin, Dan, Simeon, and part of Ephraim. Under the Romans it was a part of the province of Syria, and was governed by a procurator.
In Ezra 5:8 for "Judah"; thus the Revised Version (British and American). In the New Testament the form is JUDAEA (which see).
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