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Judgment hall

Judgment hall [S]

Gr. praitorion ( John 18:28 John 18:33 ; 19:9 ; Matthew 27:27 ), "common hall." In all these passages the Revised Version renders "palace." In Mark 15:16 the word is rendered "Praetorium" (q.v.), which is a Latin word, meaning literally the residence of the praetor, and then the governor's residence in general, though not a praetor. Throughout the Gospels the word "praitorion" has this meaning (Compare Acts 23:35 ). Pilate's official residence when he was in Jerusalem was probably a part of the fortress of Antonia.

The trial of our Lord was carried on in a room or office of the palace. The "whole band" spoken of by Mark were gathered together in the palace court.

These dictionary topics are from
M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

[S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

Bibliography Information

Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Judgment hall". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

Judgment hall. [E]

The word praetorium is so translated five times in the Authorized Version of the New Testament, and in those five passages it denotes two different places.

  1. In ( John 18:28 John 18:33 ; 19:9 ) it is the residence which Pilate occupied when he visited Jerusalem. The site of Pilates praetorium in Jerusalem has given rise to much dispute, some supposing it to be the palace of King Herod, others the tower of Antonia; but it was probably the latter, which was then and long afterward the citadel of Jerusalem.
  2. In ( Acts 23:35 ) Herods judgment hall or praetorium in Caesarea was doubtless a part of that magnificent range of buildings the erection of which by King Herod is described in Josephus. The word "palace," or "Caesars court." in the Authorized Version of ( Philemon 1:13 ) is a translation of the same word praetorium. It may here have denoted the quarter of that detachment of the praetorian guards which was in immediate attendance upon the emperor, and had barracks in Mount Palatine at Rome.
[E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary

Bibliography Information

Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Judgment hall'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.