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Nadab

Nadab [N] [H] [S]

liberal, generous.

  • The eldest of Aaron's four sons ( Exodus 6:23 ; Numbers 3:2 ). He with his brothers and their father were consecrated as priests of Jehovah ( Exodus 28:1 ). He afterwards perished with Abihu for the sin of offering strange fire on the altar of burnt-offering ( Leviticus 10:1 Leviticus 10:2 ; Numbers 3:4 ; 26:60 ).

  • The son and successor of Jeroboam, the king of Israel ( 1 Kings 14:20 ). While engaged with all Israel in laying siege to Gibbethon, a town of southern Dan ( Joshua 19:44 ), a conspiracy broke out in his army, and he was slain by Baasha ( 1 Kings 15:25-28 ), after a reign of two years (B.C. 955-953). The assassination of Nadab was followed by that of his whole house, and thus this great Ephraimite family became extinct ( 1 Kings 15:29 ).

  • One of the sons of Shammai in the tribe of Judah ( 1 Chronicles 2:28 1 Chronicles 2:30 ).

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Nadab". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

  • Nadab [N] [E] [S]

    free and voluntary gift; prince
    Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names. Public Domain. Copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Hitchcock, Roswell D. "Entry for 'Nadab'". "An Interpreting Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names". . New York, N.Y., 1869.

    Nadab [N] [E] [H]

    (liberal ).

    1. The eldest son of Aaron and Elisheba. Exod 8 13 Numb 3:2. (B.C. 1490.) He, his father and brother, and seventy old men of Israel were led out from the midst of the assembled people, ( Exodus 24:1 ) and were commended to stay and worship God "afar off," below the lofty summit of Sinai, where Moses alone was to come near to the Lord. Subsequently, ( Leviticus 10:1 ) Nadab and his brother were struck dead before the sanctuary by fire from the Lord. Their offence was kindling the incense in their censers with "strange" fire, i.e. not taken from that which burned perpetually, ( Leviticus 6:13 ) on the altar.
    2. King Jeroboams son, who succeeded to the throne of Israel B.C. 954, and reigned two years. ( 1 Kings 15:25-31 ) At the siege of Gibbethon a conspiracy broke out in the midst of the army, and the king was slain by Baasha, a man of Issachar.
    3. A son of Shammai ( 1 Chronicles 2:28 ) of the tribe of Judah.
    4. A son of Gibeon, ( 1 Chronicles 8:30 ; 9:36 ) of the tribe of Benjamin.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names

    Bibliography Information

    Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Nadab'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.

    NADAB

    na'-dab (nadhabh, "noble"; Nadab):

    (1) Aaron's first-born son (Exodus 6:23; Numbers 3:2; 26:60; 1 Chronicles 6:3 (Hebrew 5:29); 24:1). He was permitted with Moses, Aaron, the 70 elders, and his brother Abihu to ascend Mt. Sinai and behold the God of Israel (Exodus 24:1,9). He was associated with his father and brothers in the priestly office (Exodus 28:1). Along with Abihu he was guilty of offering "strange fire," and both "died before Yahweh" (Leviticus 10:1,2; Numbers 3:4; 26:61). The nature of their offense is far from clear. The word rendered "strange" seems in this connection to mean no more than "unauthorized by the Law" (see zur, in BDB, and compare Exodus 30:9). The proximity of the prohibition of wine to officiating priests (Leviticus 10:8,9) has given rise to the erroneous suggestion of the Midrash that the offense of the brothers was drunkenness.

    (2) A descendant of Jerahmeel (1 Chronicles 2:28,30).

    (3) A Gibeonite (1 Chronicles 8:30).

    (4) Son of Jeroboam I and after him for two years king of Israel (1 Kings 14:20; 15:25). While Nadab was investing Gibbethon, a Philistine stronghold, Baasha, who probably was an officer in the army, as throne-robbers usually were, conspired against him, slew him and seized the throne (1 Kings 15:27-31). With the assassination of Nadab the dynasty of Jeroboam was extirpated, as foretold by the prophet Ahijah (1 Kings 14). This event is typical of the entire history of the Northern Kingdom, characterized by revolutions and counter-revolutions.

    John A. Lees


    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.

    Bibliography Information
    Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'NADAB'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.