Shemaiah

Shemaiah [N] [H] [S]

whom Jehovah heard.

  • A prophet in the reign of Rehoboam ( 1 Kings 12:22-24 ).

  • Nehemiah 3:29 .

  • A Simeonite ( 1 Chronicles 4:37 ).

  • A priest ( Nehemiah 12:42 ).

  • A Levite ( 1 Chronicles 9:16 ).

  • 1 Chronicles 9:14 ; Nehemiah 11:15 .

  • A Levite in the time of David, who with 200 of his brethren took part in the bringing up of the ark from Obed-edom to Hebron ( 1 Chronicles 15:8 ).

  • A Levite ( 1 Chronicles 24:6 ).

  • The eldest son of Obed-edom ( 1 Chronicles 26:4-8 ).

  • A Levite ( 2 Chronicles 29:14 ).

  • A false prophet who hindered the rebuilding of Jerusalem ( Nehemiah 6:10 ).

  • A prince of Judah who assisted at the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem ( Nehemiah 12:34-36 ).

  • A false prophet who opposed Jeremiah ( Jeremiah 29:24-32 ).

  • One of the Levites whom Jehoshaphat appointed to teach the law ( 2 Chronicles 17:8 ).

  • A Levite appointed to "distribute the oblations of the Lord" ( 2 Chronicles 31:15 ).

  • A Levite ( 2 Chronicles 35:9 ).

  • The father of Urijah the prophet ( Jeremiah 26:20 ).

  • The father of a prince in the reign of Jehoiakim ( Jeremiah 36:12 ).

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Shemaiah". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

  • Shemaiah [N] [E] [S]

    that hears or obeys the Lord
    Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names. Public Domain. Copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Hitchcock, Roswell D. "Entry for 'Shemaiah'". "An Interpreting Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names". . New York, N.Y., 1869.

    Shemaiah [N] [E] [H]

    (heard by Jehovah ).

    1. A prophet in the reign of Rehoboam. ( 1 Kings 12:22 ; 2 Chronicles 11:2 ) (B.C. 972.) He wrote a chronicle containing the events of Rehoboams reign. ( 2 Chronicles 12:5 2 Chronicles 12:15 )
    2. The son of Shechaniah, among the descendants of Zerubbabel. ( 1 Chronicles 3:23 ; Nehemiah 3:28 )
    3. A prince of the tribe of Simeon. ( 1 Chronicles 4:27 )
    4. Son of Joel, Reubenite. ( 1 Chronicles 5:4 ) (B.C. after 1706.)
    5. Son of Hasshub, a Merarite Levite. ( 1 Chronicles 9:14 ; Nehemiah 11:15 )
    6. Father of Obadiah or Abda, a Levite. ( 1 Chronicles 9:16 )
    7. Son of Elizaphan, and chief of his house in the reign of David. ( 1 Chronicles 15:8 1 Chronicles 15:11 ) (B.C. 1043.)
    8. A Levite, son of Nethaneel and also a scribe in the time of David. ( 1 Chronicles 24:6 ) (B.C. 1014.)
    9. The eldest son of Obed-edom the Gittite. ( 1 Chronicles 26:4 1 Chronicles 26:6 1 Chronicles 26:7 ) (B.C. 1014.)
    10. A descendant of Jeduthun the singer who lived in the reign of Hezekiah ( 2 Chronicles 29:14 )
    11. One of the sons of Adonikam who returned with Ezra. ( Ezra 5:13 )
    12. One of Ezras messengers. ( Ezra 8:16 )
    13. A priest of the family of Harim, who put away his foreign wife at Ezras bidding. ( Ezra 10:21 ) (B.C. 455.)
    14. A layman of Israel son of another Harim, who had also married a foreigner. ( Ezra 10:31 ) (B.C. 458.)
    15. Son of Delaiah the son of Mehetabeel, a prophet in the time of Nehemiah. ( Nehemiah 6:10 ) (B.C. 446.)
    16. The head of a priestly house who signed the covenant with Nehemiah. ( Nehemiah 10:8 ; Nehemiah 12:6 Nehemiah 12:18 ) (B.C. 410.)
    17. One of the princes of Judah at the time of the dedication of Jerusalem. ( Nehemiah 12:34 )
    18. One of the choir on the same occasion. ( Nehemiah 12:38 )
    19. A priest. ( Nehemiah 12:42 )
    20. A false prophet in the time of Jeremiah. ( Jeremiah 29:24-32 )
    21. A Levite in the reign of Jehoshaphat. ( 2 Chronicles 17:8 ) (B.C. 909.)
    22. A Levite in the reign of Hezekiah. ( 2 Chronicles 31:15 ) (B.C. 726.)
    23. A Levite in the reign of Josiah. ( 2 Chronicles 35:9 ) (B.C. 628.)
    24. The father of Urijah of Kirjath-jearim. ( Jeremiah 26:20 ) (B.C. before 608.)
    25. The father of Delaiah. ( Jeremiah 36:12 ) (B.C. before 605.)

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names

    Bibliography Information

    Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Shemaiah'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.

    SHEMAIAH

    she-ma'-ya, she-mi'-a (shema`yah (in 2 Chronicles 11:2; 17:8; 31:15; 35:9; Jeremiah 26:20; 29:24; 36:12, shema`yahu), "Jahveh hears"):

    The name is most frequently borne by priests, Levites and prophets.

    (1) Codex Vaticanus Sammaias; Codex Alexandrinus Samaias (2 Chronicles 12:5,7). A prophet who, together with Ahijah, protested against Rehoboam's contemplated war against the ten revolted tribes (1 Kings 12:22-24 = 2 Chronicles 11:2-4). He declared that the rebellion had divine sanction. The second Greek account knows nothing of Ahijah in this connection and introduces Shemaiah at the gathering at Shechem where both Jeroboam and Rehoboam were present; it narrates that on this occasion Shemaiah (not Ahijah) rent his garment and gave ten parts to Jeroboam to signify the ten tribes over which he was to become king. (This version, however, is not taken very seriously, because of its numerous inconsistencies.) Shemaiah also prophesied at the invasion of Judah by Shishak (2 Chronicles 12:5-7). His message was to the effect that as the princes of Israel had humbled themselves, God's wrath against their idolatrous practices would not be poured out upon Jerusalem by the hand of Shishak (2 Chronicles 13:7). He is mentioned as the author of a history of Rehoboam (2 Chronicles 12:15).

    (2) Son of Shecaniah (1 Chronicles 3:22, Samaia), a descendant of Zerubbabel. This is also the name of one of the men who helped to repair the wall (Nehemiah 3:29, Semeia (...) (compare Curtis, ICC, in 1 Chronicles 3:17-24)).

    (3) A Simeonite (1 Chronicles 4:37, Codex Vaticanus Sumeon; Codex Alexandrinus Samaias), identical, perhaps, with the Shimei of 1 Chronicles 4:26,27.

    (4) A Reubenite (1 Chronicles 5:4, Codex Vaticanus Semeei; Codex Alexandrinus Semein), called Shema in 1 Chronicles 5:8.

    (5) A Merarite Levite (1 Chronicles 9:14; Nehemiah 11:15, Samaia), one of those who dwelt in Jerusalem.

    (6) A Levite of the family of Jeduthun, father of Obadiah or Abda (1 Chronicles 9:16, Sameia, Codex Alexandrinus Samias, called "Shammua" in Nehemiah 11:17).

    (7) Head of the Levitical Kohathite clan of Elizaphan in the time of David (1 Chronicles 15:8, Codex Vaticanus Samaias; Codex Alexandrinus Samaia; Codex Sinaiticus Sameas; 1 Chronicles 15:11, Codex Vaticanus Samias; Codex Alexandrinus Semeias; Codex Sinaiticus Samai). He may be the same person as (8).

    (8) The scribe (1 Chronicles 24:6), the son of Nethanel, who registered the names of the priestly courses.

    (9) A Korahite Levite, eldest son of Obed-edom (1 Chronicles 26:4,6, Codex Vaticanus Samaias; Codex Alexandrinus Sameias; 1 Chronicles 26:7, Codex Vaticanus Samai; Codex Alexandrinus Semeia).

    (10) A Levite (2 Chronicles 17:8, Codex Vaticanus Samouas; Codex Alexandrinus Samouias). One of the commission appointed by Jehoshaphat to teach the book of the Law in Judah. The names of the commissioners as a whole belong to a period later than the 9th century. (Gray, HPN, 231).

    (11) One of the men "over the free-will offerings of God" (2 Chronicles 31:15, Semeei).

    (12) A Levite of the family of Jeduthun in the reign of Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 29:14), one of those who assisted in the purification of the Temple.

    (13) A chief of the Levites (2 Chronicles 35:9), called "Samaias" in Septuagint and 1 Esdras 1:9.

    (14) A "chief man" under Ezra (Ezra 8:16), called "Maasmas" and "Samaias" in 1 Esdras 8:43,44.

    (15) A member of the family of Adonikam (Ezra 8:13, Codex Vaticanus Samaia; Codex Alexandrinus Samaeia; "Samaias" in 1 Esdras 8:39).

    (16) A priest of the family of Harim who married a foreign wife (Ezra 10:21), called "Sameus" in 1 Esdras 9:21.

    (17) A layman of the family of Harim who married a foreign wife (Ezra 10:31), called "Sabbeus" in 1 Esdras 9:32.

    (18) A prophet (Nehemiah 6:10-14, Codex Vaticanus Semeei; Codex Alexandrinus Semei), employed by Sanballat and Tobiah to frighten Nehemiah and hinder the rebuilding of the wall.

    (19) One of the 24 courses of priests, 16th under Zerubbabel (Nehemiah 12:6, Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Alexandrinus Semeias), 15th under Joiakim (Nehemiah 12:18; Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Alexandrinus Semeia), and 21st under Nehemiah (Nehemiah 10:8, Samaia), mentioned in connection with the dedication of the wall.

    (20) A priest, descendant of Asaph (Nehemiah 12:35).

    (21) A singer (or clan) participating in the dedication of the wall (Nehemiah 12:36).

    (22) Father of the prophet Urijah (Jeremiah 26:20, Codex Vaticanus and Codex Alexandrinus Samaias; Codex Sinaiticus Maseas).

    (23) A false prophet who was upbraided by Jeremiah (29:24-32) for attempting to hinder his work. He is styled "the Nehelamite" and was among those carried into captivity with Jehoiachin. In opposition to Jeremiah, he predicted a speedy ending to the captivity. Jeremiah foretold the complete destruction of Shemaiah's family.

    (24) Father of Delaiah, who was a prince in the reign of Zedekiah (Jeremiah 36:12).

    (25) "The great," kinsman of Tobias (Tobit 5:13).

    Horace J. Wolf


    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.

    Bibliography Information
    Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'SHEMAIAH'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.