tem'-pest (ce`-arah, or se`-arah, "a whirlwind," zerem, "overflowing rain"; cheimon, thuella):
Heavy storms of wind and rain are common in Palestine and the Mediterranean. The storms particularly mentioned in the Bible are:
(1) the 40 days' rain of ~the great flood of Noah (Genesis 7:4);
(2) hail and rain as a plague in Egypt (Exodus 9:18);
(3) the great rain after the drought and the contest of Elijah on Carmel (1 Kings 18:45);
(4) the tempest on the sea in the story of Jonah (1:4);
(5) the storm on the Lake of Galilee when Jesus was awakened to calm the waves (Matthew 8:24; Mark 4:37; Luke 8:23);
(6) the storm causing the shipwreck of Paul at Melita (Acts 27:18).
Frequent references are found to God's power over storm and use of the tempest in His anger:
"He maketh the storm a calm" (Psalms 107:29); He sends the "tempest of hail, a destroying storm" (Isaiah 28:2). See also Job 9:17; 21:18; Isaiah 30:30. Yahweh overwhelms His enemies as with a storm: "She shall be visited of Yahweh of hosts with thunder, and with earthquake, and great noise, with whirlwind and tempest" (Isaiah 29:6). Yahweh is a "refuge from the storm" (Isaiah 25:4; 4:6).
Alfred H. Joy