Tubal

Tubal [N] [H] [S]

  • The fifth son of Japheth ( Genesis 10:2 ).

  • A nation, probably descended from the son of Japheth. It is mentioned by ( Isaiah 66:19 ), along with Javan, and by ( Ezekiel 27:13 ), along with Meshech, among the traders with Tyre, also among the confederates of Gog ( Ezekiel 38:2 Ezekiel 38:3 ; 39:1 ), and with Meshech among the nations which were to be destroyed ( 32:26 ). This nation was probably the Tiberini of the Greek historian Herodotus, a people of the Asiatic highland west of the Upper Euphrates, the southern range of the Caucasus, on the east of the Black Sea.

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names
    [J] indicates this entry was also found in Jack Van Impe's Prophecy Dictionary
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Tubal". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

  • Tubal [N] [E] [S]

    the earth; the world; confusion
    Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names. Public Domain. Copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [J] indicates this entry was also found in Jack Van Impe's Prophecy Dictionary
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Hitchcock, Roswell D. "Entry for 'Tubal'". "An Interpreting Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names". . New York, N.Y., 1869.

    Tubal [N] [E] [H]

    is reckoned with Javan and Meshech among the sons of Japheth. ( Genesis 10:2 ; 1 Chronicles 1:5 ) The three are again associated in the enumeration of the sources of the wealth of Tyre. ( Ezekiel 27:13 ) Tubal and Javan, ( Isaiah 68:19 ) Meshech and Tubal, ( Ezekiel 32:26 ; Ezekiel 38:2 Ezekiel 38:3 ; 39:1 ) are nations of the north. ( Ezekiel 38:15 ; 39:2 ) Josephus identified the descendants of Tubal with the Iberians, that is, the inhabitants of a tract of country between the Caspian and Euxine Seas, which nearly corresponded to the modern Georgia.


    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names
    [J] indicates this entry was also found in Jack Van Impe's Prophecy Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Tubal'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.

    TUBAL

    tu'-bal (tubhal, tubhal; Septuagint Thobel, Codex Alexandrinus in Ezekiel 39:1, Thober):

    As the text stands, Tubal and Meshech are always coupled, except in Isaiah 66:19 (Massoretic Text) and Psalms 120:5. In the former passage Tubal is yoked with Javan; in the latter Meshech occurs in 120:5 and Kedar in 120:6. In Genesis 10:2 parallel, they are sons of Japheth. In Ezekiel (27:13) the two are mentioned as exporters of slaves and copper, as a warlike people of antiquity (32:26), in the army of Gog (38:2; 39:1). Josephus identifies them with the Iberians and Cappadocians respectively; but they are most probably the Tibarenoi, and Moschoi, first mentioned in Herodotus iii.94 as belonging to the 19th satrapy of Darius, and again (vii.78) as furnishing a contingent to the host of Xerxes. Equally obvious is their identity with the Tabali and Muski of the Assyrian monuments, where the latter is mentioned as early as Tiglath-pileser I, and the former under Shalmaneser II; both are described as powerful military states. They appear together in Sargon's inscriptions; and during this entire period their territory must have extended much farther South and West than in Greek-Roman times. They are held (Winckler and Jeremias) to have been remnants of the old Hittite population which were gradually driven (probably by the Cimmerian invasion) to the mountainous district Southeast of the Black Sea.

    Horace J. Wolf


    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.

    Bibliography Information
    Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'TUBAL'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.