In the sense of "against" which survives only in dialectal English (compare Wright, Dialect Dict., I, 470, for examples) is the King James Version rendering of the dative emauto of 1 Corinthians 4:4 (the American Standard Revised Version renders this "against"). In classical Greek the same idiom sunoida with dative = "be conscious" or "be cognizant of" a thing.

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'BY'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.