3 All of us also lived among them at one time, gratifying the cravings of our flesha and following its desires and thoughts. Like the rest, we were by nature deserving of wrath.
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    • g 2:3 - In contexts like this, the Greek word for "flesh" ("sarx" ) refers to the sinful state of human beings, often presented as a power in opposition to the Spirit.
      4 But because of his great love for us, God, who is rich in mercy,
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      5 made us alive with Christ even when we were dead in transgressions—it is by grace you have been saved.
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      6 And God raised us up with Christ and seated us with him in the heavenly realms in Christ Jesus,
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      7 in order that in the coming ages he might show the incomparable riches of his grace, expressed in his kindness to us in Christ Jesus.
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      8 For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith—and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God—
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          9 not by works, so that no one can boast.
          10 For we are God’s handiwork, created in Christ Jesus to do good works, which God prepared in advance for us to do.
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          Jew and Gentile Reconciled Through Christ

          11 Therefore, remember that formerly you who are Gentiles by birth and called “uncircumcised” by those who call themselves “the circumcision” (which is done in the body by human hands)—
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          12 remember that at that time you were separate from Christ, excluded from citizenship in Israel and foreigners to the covenants of the promise, without hope and without God in the world.
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          13 But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far away have been brought near by the blood of Christ.
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