King Xerxes replied to Queen Esther and to Mordecai the Jew, "Because Haman attacked the Jews, I have given his estate to Esther, and they have hanged1 him on the gallows.
Now write another decree2 in the king's name in behalf of the Jews as seems best to you, and seal3 it with the king's signet ring4--for no document written in the king's name and sealed with his ring can be revoked."59
At once the royal secretaries were summoned--on the twenty-third day of the third month, the month of Sivan. They wrote out all Mordecai's orders to the Jews, and to the satraps, governors and nobles of the 127 provinces stretching from India to Cush.a6 These orders were written in the script of each province and the language of each people and also to the Jews in their own script and language.710
Mordecai wrote in the name of King Xerxes, sealed the dispatches with the king's signet ring, and sent them by mounted couriers, who rode fast horses especially bred for the king.
The king's edict granted the Jews in every city the right to assemble and protect themselves; to destroy, kill and annihilate any armed force of any nationality or province that might attack them and their women and children; and to plunder8 the property of their enemies.
The day appointed for the Jews to do this in all the provinces of King Xerxes was the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, the month of Adar.913
A copy of the text of the edict was to be issued as law in every province and made known to the people of every nationality so that the Jews would be ready on that day10 to avenge themselves on their enemies.
The couriers, riding the royal horses, raced out, spurred on by the king's command. And the edict was also issued in the citadel of Susa.1115
Mordecai12 left the king's presence wearing royal garments of blue and white, a large crown of gold13 and a purple robe of fine linen.14 And the city of Susa held a joyous celebration.1516
For the Jews it was a time of happiness and joy,16 gladness and honor.1717
In every province and in every city, wherever the edict of the king went, there was joy18 and gladness among the Jews, with feasting and celebrating. And many people of other nationalities became Jews because fear19 of the Jews had seized them.20