The Jews in Susa, however, had assembled on the thirteenth and fourteenth, and then on the fifteenth they rested and made it a day of feasting and joy.
That is why rural Jews--those living in villages--observe the fourteenth of the month of Adar1 as a day of joy and feasting, a day for giving presents to each other.220
Mordecai recorded these events, and he sent letters to all the Jews throughout the provinces of King Xerxes, near and far,
to have them celebrate annually the fourteenth and fifteenth days of the month of Adar
as the time when the Jews got relief3 from their enemies, and as the month when their sorrow was turned into joy and their mourning into a day of celebration.4 He wrote them to observe the days as days of feasting and joy and giving presents of food5 to one another and gifts to the poor.623
So the Jews agreed to continue the celebration they had begun, doing what Mordecai had written to them.
For Haman son of Hammedatha, the Agagite,7 the enemy of all the Jews, had plotted against the Jews to destroy them and had cast the "pur"8 (that is, the lot9) for their ruin and destruction.1025
But when the plot came to the king's attention,a he issued written orders that the evil scheme Haman had devised against the Jews should come back onto his own head,11 and that he and his sons should be hanged12 on the gallows.1326
(Therefore these days were called Purim, from the word "pur".14) Because of everything written in this letter and because of what they had seen and what had happened to them,
the Jews took it upon themselves to establish the custom that they and their descendants and all who join them should without fail observe these two days every year, in the way prescribed and at the time appointed.
These days should be remembered and observed in every generation by every family, and in every province and in every city. And these days of Purim should never cease to be celebrated by the Jews, nor should the memory of them die out among their descendants.
So Queen Esther, daughter of Abihail,15 along with Mordecai the Jew, wrote with full authority to confirm this second letter concerning Purim.
And Mordecai sent letters to all the Jews in the 127 provinces16 of the kingdom of Xerxes--words of goodwill and assurance--
to establish these days of Purim at their designated times, as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had decreed for them, and as they had established for themselves and their descendants in regard to their times of fasting17 and lamentation.1832
Esther's decree confirmed these regulations about Purim, and it was written down in the records.