Ecclesiastes 1:1-11 ESV

All Is Vanity

1 The words of 1the Preacher,a the son of David, 2king in Jerusalem.

References for Ecclesiastes 1:1

    • a 1:1 - Or Convener, or Collector; Hebrew Qoheleth (so throughout Ecclesiastes)
      2 3Vanityb of vanities, says 4the Preacher, 5vanity of vanities! 6All is vanity.

      References for Ecclesiastes 1:2

        • b 1:2 - Hebrew vapor (so throughout Ecclesiastes)
          3 7What 8does man gain by all the toil at which he toils under the sun?

          References for Ecclesiastes 1:3

          4 A generation goes, and a generation comes, but 9the earth remains forever.

          References for Ecclesiastes 1:4

          5 10The sun rises, and the sun goes down, and hastensc to the place where it rises.

          References for Ecclesiastes 1:5

            • c 1:5 - Or and returns panting
              6 11The wind blows to the south and goes around to the north; around and around goes the wind, and on its circuits the wind returns.

              References for Ecclesiastes 1:6

              7 All 12streams run to the sea, but the sea is not full; to the place where the streams flow, there they flow again.

              References for Ecclesiastes 1:7

              8 All things are full of weariness; a man cannot utter it; 13the eye is not satisfied with seeing, nor the ear filled with hearing.

              References for Ecclesiastes 1:8

              9 14What has been is what will be, and what has been done is what will be done, and there is nothing new under the sun.

              References for Ecclesiastes 1:9

              10 Is there a thing of which it is said, "See, this is new"? It has been 15already in the ages before us.

              References for Ecclesiastes 1:10

              11 There is no 16remembrance of former things,d nor will there be any remembrance of later thingse yet to be among those who come after.

              References for Ecclesiastes 1:11

                • d 1:11 - Or former people
                • e 1:11 - Or later people