Exodus 21:1-32 ESV

Laws About Slaves

1 "Now these are the 1rules that you shall set before them.

References for Exodus 21:1

2 2When you buy a Hebrew slave, he shall serve six years, and in the seventh he shall go out free, for nothing.

References for Exodus 21:2

3 If he comes in single, he shall go out single; if he comes in married, then his wife shall go out with him.
4 If his master gives him a wife and she bears him sons or daughters, the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he shall go out alone.
5 But 3if the slave plainly says, 'I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free,'

References for Exodus 21:5

6 then his master shall bring him to 4God, and he shall bring him to the door or the doorpost. And his master shall bore his ear through with an awl, and he shall be his slave forever.

References for Exodus 21:6

7 "When a man 5sells his daughter as a slave, she shall not go out as the male slaves do.

References for Exodus 21:7

8 If she does not please her master, who has designated hera for himself, then he shall let her be redeemed. He shall have no right to sell her to a foreign people, since he has broken faith with her.

References for Exodus 21:8

    •  21:8 - Or so that he has not designated her
      9 If he designates her for his son, he shall deal with her as with a daughter.
      10 If he takes another wife to himself, he shall not diminish her food, her clothing, or 6her marital rights.

      References for Exodus 21:10

      11 And if he does not do these three things for her, she shall go out for nothing, without payment of money.
      12 7"Whoever strikes a man so that he dies shall be put to death.

      References for Exodus 21:12

      13 8But if he did not lie in wait for him, but God let him fall into his hand, then 9I will appoint for you a place to which he may flee.

      References for Exodus 21:13

      14 But if a man willfully attacks another to kill him by cunning, 10you shall take him from my altar, that he may die.

      References for Exodus 21:14

      15 "Whoever strikes his father or his mother shall be put to death.
      16 11"Whoever steals a man and sells him, and anyone found 12in possession of him, shall be put to death.

      References for Exodus 21:16

      17 13"Whoever cursesb his father or his mother shall be put to death.

      References for Exodus 21:17

        •  21:17 - Or dishonors; Septuagint reviles
          18 "When men quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or with his fist and the man does not die but takes to his bed,
          19 then if the man rises again and walks outdoors with his staff, he who struck him shall be clear; only he shall pay for the loss of his time, and shall have him thoroughly healed.
          20 "When a man strikes his slave, male or female, with a rod and the slave dies under his hand, he shall be avenged.
          21 But if the slave survives a day or two, he is not to be avenged, for the 14slave is his money.

          References for Exodus 21:21

          22 "When men strive together and hit a pregnant woman, so that her children come out, but there is no harm, the one who hit her shall surely be fined, as the woman's husband shall impose on him, and 15he shall pay as the 16judges determine.

          References for Exodus 21:22

          23 But if there is harm,c then you shall pay 17life for life,

          References for Exodus 21:23

            • ‘ 21:23 - Or so that her children come out and it is clear who was to blame, he shall be fined as the woman's husband shall impose on him, and he alone shall pay. If it is unclear who was to blame...
              24 18eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

              References for Exodus 21:24

              25 burn for burn, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.
              26 "When a man strikes the eye of his slave, male or female, and destroys it, he shall let the slave go free because of his eye.
              27 If he knocks out the tooth of his slave, male or female, he shall let the slave go free because of his tooth.
              28 "When an ox gores a man or a woman to death, the 19ox shall be stoned, and its flesh shall not be eaten, but the owner of the ox shall not be liable.

              References for Exodus 21:28

              29 But if the ox has been accustomed to gore in the past, and its owner has been warned but has not kept it in, and it kills a man or a woman, the ox shall be stoned, and its owner also shall be put to death.
              30 If 20a ransom is imposed on him, then 21he shall give for the redemption of his life whatever is imposed on him.

              References for Exodus 21:30

                  31 If it gores a man's son or daughter, he shall be dealt with according to this same rule.
                  32 If the ox gores a slave, male or female, the owner shall give to their master 22thirty shekelsd of silver, and 23the ox shall be stoned.

                  References for Exodus 21:32

                    • ’ 21:32 - A shekel was about 2/5 ounce or 11 grams