Ezra 10 ESV

The People Confess Their Sin

1 1While Ezra prayed and 2made confession, weeping and 3casting himself down 4before the house of God, a very great assembly of men, women, and children, gathered to him out of Israel, for the people wept bitterly.

References for Ezra 10:1

2 And Shecaniah the son of Jehiel, of the sons of Elam, addressed Ezra: 5"We have broken faith with our God and have married foreign women from the peoples of the land, but even now there is hope for Israel in spite of this.

References for Ezra 10:2

3 Therefore 6let us make a covenant with our God to put away all these wives and 7their children, according to the counsel of my lord a and of 8those who tremble at the commandment of our God, and let it be done 9according to the Law.

References for Ezra 10:3

    • w 10:3 - Or of the Lord
      4 Arise, for it is your task, and we are with you; 10be strong and do it."

      References for Ezra 10:4

      5 Then Ezra arose and made the leading priests and Levites and all Israel 11take oath that they would do as had been said. So they took the oath.

      References for Ezra 10:5

      6 Then Ezra withdrew 12from before the house of God and went to the 13chamber of 14Jehohanan the son of 15Eliashib, where he spent the night,b neither 16eating bread nor drinking water, for he was mourning over the faithlessness of the exiles.

      References for Ezra 10:6

        • x 10:6 - Probable reading; Hebrew where he went
          7 And a proclamation was made throughout Judah and Jerusalem to all the returned exiles that they should assemble at Jerusalem,
          8 and that if anyone did not come within three days, by order of the officials and the elders all his property should be forfeited, and he himself banned from the congregation of the exiles.
          9 Then all the men of Judah and Benjamin assembled at Jerusalem within the three days. It was the ninth month, on the twentieth day of the month. And all the people sat in the open square before the house of God, trembling because of this matter and because of the 17heavy rain.

          References for Ezra 10:9

          10 And Ezra the priest stood up and said to them, "You have broken faith and married foreign women, and so increased the guilt of Israel.
          11 Now then 18make confession to the LORD, the God of your fathers and do his will. 19Separate yourselves from the peoples of the land and from the foreign wives."

          References for Ezra 10:11

              12 Then all the assembly answered with a loud voice, "It is so; we must do as you have said.
              13 But the people are many, and it is a time of heavy rain; we cannot stand in the open. Nor is this a task for one day or for two, for we have greatly transgressed in this matter.
              14 Let our officials stand for the whole assembly. Let all in our cities who have taken foreign wives come 20at appointed times, and with them the elders and judges of every city, 21until the fierce wrath of our God over this matter is turned away from us."

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              15 Only Jonathan the son of Asahel and Jahzeiah the son of Tikvah opposed this, and 22Meshullam and 23Shabbethai the Levite supported them.

              References for Ezra 10:15

              16 Then the returned exiles did so. Ezra the priest selected men,c heads of fathers' houses, according to their fathers' houses, each of them designated by name. On the first day of the tenth month they sat down to examine the matter;

              References for Ezra 10:16

                • y 10:16 - Syriac; Hebrew And there were selected Ezra...
                  17 and by the first day of the first month they had come to the end of all the men who had married foreign women.

                  Those Guilty of Intermarriage

                  18 Now there were found some of the sons of the priests who had married foreign women: Maaseiah, Eliezer, Jarib, and Gedaliah, some of the sons of 24Jeshua the son of Jozadak and his brothers.

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                  19 They 25pledged themselves to put away their wives, and their guilt offering was 26a ram of the flock for their guilt.d

                  References for Ezra 10:19

                    • z 10:19 - Or as their reparation
                      20 27Of the sons of Immer: Hanani and Zebadiah.

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                          21 28Of the sons of Harim: Maaseiah, Elijah, Shemaiah, Jehiel, and Uzziah.

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                              22 Of the sons of Pashhur: Elioenai, Maaseiah, Ishmael, Nethanel, Jozabad, and Elasah.
                              23 Of the Levites: Jozabad, Shimei, Kelaiah (that is, Kelita), Pethahiah, Judah, and Eliezer.
                              24 Of the singers: Eliashib. Of the gatekeepers: Shallum, Telem, and Uri.
                              25 And of Israel: of the sons of Parosh: Ramiah, Izziah, Malchijah, Mijamin, Eleazar, Hashabiah,e and Benaiah.

                              References for Ezra 10:25

                                • { 10:25 - Septuagint; Hebrew Malchijah
                                  26 Of the sons of Elam: Mattaniah, Zechariah, Jehiel, Abdi, Jeremoth, and Elijah.
                                  27 Of the sons of Zattu: Elioenai, Eliashib, Mattaniah, Jeremoth, Zabad, and Aziza.
                                  28 Of the sons of Bebai were Jehohanan, Hananiah, Zabbai, and Athlai.
                                  29 Of the sons of Bani were Meshullam, Malluch, Adaiah, Jashub, Sheal, and Jeremoth.
                                  30 Of the sons of Pahath-moab: Adna, Chelal, Benaiah, Maaseiah, Mattaniah, Bezalel, Binnui, and Manasseh.
                                  31 Of the 29sons of Harim: Eliezer, Isshijah, Malchijah, Shemaiah, Shimeon,

                                  References for Ezra 10:31

                                      32 Benjamin, Malluch, and Shemariah.
                                      33 Of the sons of Hashum: Mattenai, Mattattah, Zabad, Eliphelet, Jeremai, Manasseh, and Shimei.
                                      34 Of the sons of 30Bani: Maadai, Amram, Uel,

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                                          35 Benaiah, Bedeiah, Cheluhi,
                                          36 Vaniah, Meremoth, Eliashib,
                                          37 Mattaniah, Mattenai, Jaasu.
                                          38 Of the sons of Binnui:f Shimei,

                                          References for Ezra 10:38

                                            • | 10:38 - Septuagint; Hebrew Bani, Binnui
                                              39 Shelemiah, Nathan, Adaiah,
                                              40 Machnadebai, Shashai, Sharai,
                                              41 Azarel, Shelemiah, Shemariah,
                                              42 Shallum, Amariah, and Joseph.
                                              43 Of the sons of Nebo: Jeiel, Mattithiah, Zabad, Zebina, Jaddai, Joel, and Benaiah.
                                              44 All these had married foreign women, and some of the women 31had even borne children.g

                                              References for Ezra 10:44

                                                • } 10:44 - Or and they put them away with their children