Genesis 49:2-27 ESV

2 "Assemble and listen, O sons of Jacob, listen to Israel your father.
3 "Reuben, you are 1my firstborn, my might, and the 2firstfruits of my strength, preeminent in dignity and preeminent in power.

References for Genesis 49:3

4 Unstable as water, you shall not have preeminence, because you 3went up to your father's bed; then you defiled it--he went up to my couch!

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5 4"Simeon and Levi are brothers; weapons 5of violence are their swords.

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6 Let my soul come not into their council; 6O my glory, 7be not joined to their company. For in their anger they killed men, and in their willfulness they 8hamstrung oxen.

References for Genesis 49:6

7 Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce, and their wrath, for it is cruel! I will 9divide them in Jacob and scatter them in Israel.

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8 "Judah, 10your brothers shall praise you; 11your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies; 12your father's sons shall bow down before you.

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9 Judah is 13a lion's cub; from the prey, my son, you have gone up. 14He stooped down; he crouched as a lion and as a lioness; who dares rouse him?

References for Genesis 49:9

10 The 15scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor the ruler's staff 16from between his feet, until tribute comes to him;a and to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.

References for Genesis 49:10

    • ĩ 49:10 - By a slight revocalization; a slight emendation yields (compare Septuagint, Syriac, Targum) until he comes to whom it belongs; Hebrew until Shiloh comes, or until he comes to Shiloh
      11 Binding his foal to the vine and his donkey's colt to the choice vine, he has washed his garments in wine and his vesture in the blood of grapes.
      12 His 17eyes are darker than wine, and his teeth whiter than milk.

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      13 18"Zebulun shall dwell at the 19shore of the sea; he shall become a haven for ships, and his border shall be at Sidon.

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      14 20"Issachar is a strong donkey, crouching between the sheepfolds.b

      References for Genesis 49:14

        • Ī 49:14 - Or between its saddlebags
          15 He saw that a resting place was good, and that the land was pleasant, so he bowed his shoulder to bear, and 21became a servant at forced labor.

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          16 22"Dan shall 23judge his people as one of the tribes of Israel.

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          17 Dan 24shall be a serpent in the way, a viper by the path, that bites the horse's heels so that his rider falls backward.

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          18 I 25wait for your salvation, O LORD.

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          19 26"Raiders shall raid 27Gad,c but he shall raid at their heels.

          References for Genesis 49:19

            • ī 49:19 - Gad sounds like the Hebrew for raiders and raid
              20 28"Asher's food shall be rich, and he shall yield royal delicacies.

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              21 29"Naphtali is a doe let loose that bears beautiful fawns.d

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                • Ĭ 49:21 - Or he gives beautiful words, or that bears fawns of the fold
                  22 "Joseph is 30a fruitful bough, a fruitful bough by a spring; his branches run over the wall.e

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                    • ĭ 49:22 - Or Joseph is a wild donkey, a wild donkey beside a spring, his wild colts beside the wall
                      23 The archers 31bitterly attacked him, shot at him, and harassed him severely,

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                      24 yet 32his bow remained unmoved; his armsf were made agile by the hands of the 33Mighty One of Jacob (from there is 34the Shepherd,g35the Stone of Israel),

                      References for Genesis 49:24

                        • Į 49:24 - Hebrew the arms of his hands
                        • į 49:24 - Or by the name of the Shepherd
                          25 36by the God of your father who will help you, by 37the Almightyh38who will bless you with blessings of heaven above, blessings of the deep that crouches beneath, blessings of the breasts and of the womb.

                          References for Genesis 49:25

                            • İ 49:25 - Hebrew Shaddai
                              26 The blessings of your father are mighty beyond the blessings of my parents, up to the bounties 39of the everlasting hills.i May they be 40on the head of Joseph, and on the brow of him who was set apart from his brothers.

                              References for Genesis 49:26

                                • ı 49:26 - A slight emendation yields (compare Septuagint) the blessings of the eternal mountains, the bounties of the everlasting hills
                                  27 41"Benjamin is a ravenous wolf, in the morning devouring the prey and at evening 42dividing the spoil."

                                  References for Genesis 49:27