Matthew 5:17-48 ESV

Christ Came to Fulfill the Law

17 1"Do not think that I have come to abolish 2the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but 3to fulfill them.

References for Matthew 5:17

18 For truly, I say to you, 4until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished.

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19 5Therefore whoever relaxes 6one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least 7in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever does them and teaches them will be called great 8in the kingdom of heaven.

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20 For I tell you, unless your righteousness exceeds 9that of the scribes and Pharisees, you 10will never enter the kingdom of heaven.

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Anger

21 11"You have heard that it was said to those of old, 12'You shall not murder; and whoever murders will be liable 13to judgment.'

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      22 But I say to you that 14everyone who is angry with his brothera will be liable 15to judgment; whoever insultsb his brother will be liable to the council; and whoever says, 'You fool!' will be liable to 16the hellc of fire.

      References for Matthew 5:22

        • m 5:22 - Some manuscripts insert without cause
        • n 5:22 - Greek says Raca to (a term of abuse)
        • o 5:22 - Greek Gehenna; also verses 29, 30
          23 17So if 18you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you,

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          24 leave your gift there before the altar and go. First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift.
          25 19Come to terms quickly with your accuser while you are going with him to court, lest your accuser hand you over to the judge, and the judge to the guard, and you be put in prison.

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          26 Truly, I say to you, 20you will never get out until you have paid the last penny.d

          References for Matthew 5:26

            • p 5:26 - Greek kodrantes, Roman copper coin (Latin quadrans) worth about 1/64 of a denarius (which was a day's wage for a laborer)

              Lust

              27 21"You have heard that it was said, 22'You shall not commit adultery.'

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                  28 But I say to you that 23everyone who looks at a woman with lustful intent has already committed adultery with her in his heart.

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                  29 24If your right eye 25causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away. For it is better that you lose one of your members than that your whole body be thrown into 26hell.

                  References for Matthew 5:29

                  30 27And if your right hand 28causes you to sin, cut it off and throw it away. For it is better that you lose one of your members than that your whole body go into 29hell.

                  References for Matthew 5:30

                    • 198 5:30 - [See ver. 29 above]
                    • 199 5:30 - [See ver. 29 above]
                    • 200 5:30 - [See ver. 29 above]

                      Divorce

                      31 30"It was also said, 31'Whoever divorces his wife, let him give her a certificate of divorce.'

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                          32 32But I say to you that everyone who divorces his wife, except on the ground of sexual immorality, makes her commit adultery, and 33whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery.

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                          Oaths

                          33 "Again 34you have heard that it was said to those of old, 35'You shall not swear falsely, but 36shall perform to the Lord what you have sworn.'

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                              34 But I say to you, 37Do not take an oath at all, either by heaven, for 38it is the throne of God,

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                              35 or by the earth, for it is his footstool, or by Jerusalem, for it is 39the city of the great King.

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                              36 And do not take an oath by your head, for you cannot make one hair white or black.
                              37 Let what you say be simply 'Yes' or 'No'; 40anything more than this comes from evil.e

                              References for Matthew 5:37

                                • q 5:37 - Or the evil one

                                  Retaliation

                                  38 41"You have heard that it was said, 42'An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.'

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                                      39 But I say to you, 43Do not resist the one who is evil. But 44if anyone 45slaps you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also.

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                                      40 And 46if anyone would sue you and take your tunic,f let him have your cloak as well.

                                      References for Matthew 5:40

                                        • 217 5:40 - [See ver. 39 above]
                                        • r 5:40 - Greek chiton, a long garment worn under the cloak next to the skin
                                          41 And if anyone 47forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles.

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                                          42 48Give to the one who begs from you, and 49do not refuse the one who would borrow from you.

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                                          Love Your Enemies

                                          43 50"You have heard that it was said, 51'You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.'

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                                              44 But I say to you, 52Love your enemies and 53pray for those who persecute you,
                                              45 54so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven. For he makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good, and 55sends rain on the just and on the unjust.

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                                              46 56For if you love those who love you, what reward do you have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same?

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                                              47 And if you greet only your brothers,g what more are you doing than others? Do not even 57the Gentiles do the same?

                                              References for Matthew 5:47

                                                • s 5:47 - Or brothers and sisters. The plural Greek word adelphoi (translated "brothers") refers to siblings in a family. In New Testament usage, depending on the context, adelphoi may refer either to brothers or to brothers and sisters
                                                  48 58You therefore must be 59perfect, 60as your heavenly Father is perfect.

                                                  References for Matthew 5:48