Compare Translations for Exodus 21:10

Exodus 21:10 ASV
If he take him another [wife]; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.
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Exodus 21:10 BBE
And if he takes another woman, her food and clothing and her married rights are not to be less.
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Exodus 21:10 CEB
If he takes another woman for himself, he may not reduce her food, clothing, or marital rights.
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Exodus 21:10 CJB
If he marries another wife, he is not to reduce her food, clothing or marital rights.
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Exodus 21:10 RHE
And if he take another wife for him, he shall provide her a marriage, and raiment, neither shall he refuse the price of her chastity.
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Exodus 21:10 ESV
If he takes another wife to himself, he shall not diminish her food, her clothing, or her marital rights.
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Exodus 21:10 GW
If that son marries another woman, he must not deprive the first wife of food, clothes, or sex.
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Exodus 21:10 GNT
If a man takes a second wife, he must continue to give his first wife the same amount of food and clothing and the same rights that she had before.
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Exodus 21:10 HNV
If he takes another wife to himself, he shall not diminish her food, her clothing, and her marital rights.
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Exodus 21:10 CSB
If he takes an additional wife, he must not reduce the food, clothing, or marital rights of the first wife.
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Exodus 21:10 KJV
If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish .
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Exodus 21:10 LEB
If he takes for himself another, he will not reduce her food, her clothing, or her right of cohabitation.
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Exodus 21:10 NAS
"If he takes to himself another woman, he may not reduce her food, her clothing, or her conjugal rights.
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Exodus 21:10 NCV
If the man who bought her marries another woman, he must not keep his first wife from having food or clothing or sexual relations.
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Exodus 21:10 NIRV
"What if he marries another woman? He must still give the first one her food and clothes and make love to her.
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Exodus 21:10 NIV
If he marries another woman, he must not deprive the first one of her food, clothing and marital rights.
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Exodus 21:10 NKJV
If he takes another wife, he shall not diminish her food, her clothing, and her marriage rights.
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Exodus 21:10 NLT
If he himself marries her and then takes another wife, he may not reduce her food or clothing or fail to sleep with her as his wife.
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Exodus 21:10 NRS
If he takes another wife to himself, he shall not diminish the food, clothing, or marital rights of the first wife.
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Exodus 21:10 RSV
If he takes another wife to himself, he shall not diminish her food, her clothing, or her marital rights.
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Exodus 21:10 DBY
If he take himself another, her food, her clothing, and her conjugal rights he shall not diminish.
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Exodus 21:10 MSG
If he marries another woman, she retains all her full rights to meals, clothing, and marital relations.
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Exodus 21:10 WBT
If he shall take him another [wife]; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage shall he not diminish.
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Exodus 21:10 TMB
If he take for himself another wife, her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage shall he not diminish.
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Exodus 21:10 TNIV
If he marries another woman, he must not deprive the first one of her food, clothing and marital rights.
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Exodus 21:10 TYN
Yf he take him another wife, yet hir fode, rayment and dutie off mariage shall he not mynisshe.
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Exodus 21:10 WEB
If he takes another wife to himself, he shall not diminish her food, her clothing, and her marital rights.
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Exodus 21:10 WYC
and if he take with this handmaid another woman, or wife, to his son, he shall purvey to the (first) damsel, or handmaid, weddings, and clothes, and he shall not deny her the price of (her) chastity, that is, the hour of yielding debt. (but if he get another wife, besides this woman, for his son, he shall still give this young woman her wedding, and her clothes, and he shall not deny her the rights of her marriage bed.)
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Exodus 21:10 YLT
`If another [woman] he take for him, her food, her covering, and her habitation, he doth not withdraw;
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Exodus 21 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 21

Laws respecting servants. (1-11) Judicial laws. (12-21) Judicial laws. (22-36)

Verses 1-11 The laws in this chapter relate to the fifth and sixth commandments; and though they differ from our times and customs, nor are they binding on us, yet they explain the moral law, and the rules of natural justice. The servant, in the state of servitude, was an emblem of that state of bondage to sin, Satan, and the law, which man is brought into by robbing God of his glory, by the transgression of his precepts. Likewise in being made free, he was an emblem of that liberty wherewith Christ, the Son of God, makes free from bondage his people, who are free indeed; and made so freely, without money and without price, of free grace.

Verses 12-21 God, who by his providence gives and maintains life, by his law protects it. A wilful murderer shall be taken even from God's altar. But God provided cities of refuge to protect those whose unhappiness it was, and not their fault, to cause the death of another; for such as by accident, when a man is doing a lawful act, without intent of hurt, happens to kill another. Let children hear the sentence of God's word upon the ungrateful and disobedient; and remember that God will certainly requite it, if they have ever cursed their parents, even in their hearts, or have lifted up their hands against them, except they repent, and flee for refuge to the Saviour. And let parents hence learn to be very careful in training up their children, setting them a good example, especially in the government of their passions, and in praying for them; taking heed not to provoke them to wrath. Through poverty the Israelites sometimes sold themselves or their children; magistrates sold some persons for their crimes, and creditors were in some cases allowed to sell their debtors who could not pay. But "man-stealing," the object of which is to force another into slavery, is ranked in the New Testament with the greatest crimes. Care is here taken, that satisfaction be made for hurt done to a person, though death do not follow. The gospel teaches masters to forbear, and to moderate threatenings, ( Ephesians 6:9 ) , considering with Job, What shall I do, when God riseth up? ( Job 31:13 Job 31:14 ) .

Verses 22-36 The cases here mentioned give rules of justice then, and still in use, for deciding similar matters. We are taught by these laws, that we must be very careful to do no wrong, either directly or indirectly. If we have done wrong, we must be very willing to make it good, and be desirous that nobody may lose by us.

Exodus 21 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 21

Exodus 21:1-6 . LAWS FOR MENSERVANTS.

1. judgments--rules for regulating the procedure of judges and magistrates in the decision of cases and the trial of criminals. The government of the Israelites being a theocracy, those public authorities were the servants of the Divine Sovereign, and subject to His direction. Most of these laws here noticed were primitive usages, founded on principles of natural equity, and incorporated, with modifications and improvements, in the Mosaic code.

2-6. If thou buy an Hebrew servant--Every Israelite was free-born; but slavery was permitted under certain restrictions. An Hebrew might be made a slave through poverty, debt, or crime; but at the end of six years he was entitled to freedom, and his wife, if she had voluntarily shared his state of bondage, also obtained release. Should he, however, have married a female slave, she and the children, after the husband's liberation, remained the master's property; and if, through attachment to his family, the Hebrew chose to forfeit his privilege and abide as he was, a formal process was gone through in a public court, and a brand of servitude stamped on his ear ( Psalms 40:6 ) for life, or at least till the Jubilee ( Deuteronomy 15:17 ).

Exodus 21:7-36 . LAWS FOR MAIDSERVANTS.

7-11. if a man sell his daughter--Hebrew girls might be redeemed for a reasonable sum. But in the event of her parents or friends being unable to pay the redemption money, her owner was not at liberty to sell her elsewhere. Should she have been betrothed to him or his son, and either change their minds, a maintenance must be provided for her suitable to her condition as his intended wife, or her freedom instantly granted.

23-25. eye for eye--The law which authorized retaliation (a principle acted upon by all primitive people) was a civil one. It was given to regulate the procedure of the public magistrate in determining the amount of compensation in every case of injury, but did not encourage feelings of private revenge. The later Jews, however, mistook it for a moral precept, and were corrected by our Lord ( Matthew 5:38-42 ).

28-36. If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die--For the purpose of sanctifying human blood, and representing all injuries affecting life in a serious light, an animal that occasioned death was to be killed or suffer punishment proportioned to the degree of damage it had caused. Punishments are still inflicted on this principle in Persia and other countries of the East; and among a rude people greater effect is thus produced in inspiring caution, and making them keep noxious animals under restraint, than a penalty imposed on the owners.

30. If there be laid on him a sum of money, &c.--Blood fines are common among the Arabs as they were once general throughout the East. This is the only case where a money compensation, instead of capital punishment, was expressly allowed in the Mosaic law.