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Compare Translations for Exodus 21:2

Exodus 21:2 ASV
If thou buy a Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.
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Exodus 21:2 BBE
If you get a Hebrew servant for money, he is to be your servant for six years, and in the seventh year you are to let him go free without payment.
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Exodus 21:2 CEB
When you buy a male Hebrew slave, he will serve you for six years. But in the seventh year, he will go free without any payment.
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Exodus 21:2 CJB
"If you purchase a Hebrew slave, he is to work six years; but in the seventh, he is to be given his freedom without having to pay anything.
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Exodus 21:2 RHE
If thou buy a Hebrew servant, six years shall he serve thee; in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.
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Exodus 21:2 ESV
When you buy a Hebrew slave, he shall serve six years, and in the seventh he shall go out free, for nothing.
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Exodus 21:2 GW
"Whenever you buy a Hebrew slave, he will be your slave for six years. In the seventh year he may leave as a free man, without paying for his freedom.
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Exodus 21:2 GNT
If you buy a Hebrew slave, he shall serve you for six years. In the seventh year he is to be set free without having to pay anything.
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Exodus 21:2 HNV
If you buy a Hebrew servant, he shall serve six years and in the seventh he shall go out free without paying anything.
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Exodus 21:2 CSB
"When you buy a Hebrew slave, he is to serve for six years; then in the seventh he is to leave as a free man without paying anything.
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Exodus 21:2 KJV
If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve : and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.
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Exodus 21:2 LEB
'If you buy a Hebrew slave, he will serve six years, and in the seventh he will go out as free for nothing.
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Exodus 21:2 NAS
"If you buy a Hebrew slave, he shall serve for six years; but on the seventh he shall go out as a free man without payment.
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Exodus 21:2 NCV
"If you buy a Hebrew slave, he will serve you for six years. In the seventh year you are to set him free, and he will have to pay nothing.
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Exodus 21:2 NIRV
"Suppose you buy a Hebrew servant. He must serve you for six years. But in the seventh year, you must set him free. He does not have to pay anything.
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Exodus 21:2 NIV
"If you buy a Hebrew servant, he is to serve you for six years. But in the seventh year, he shall go free, without paying anything.
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Exodus 21:2 NKJV
If you buy a Hebrew servant, he shall serve six years; and in the seventh he shall go out free and pay nothing.
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Exodus 21:2 NLT
"If you buy a Hebrew slave, he is to serve for only six years. Set him free in the seventh year, and he will owe you nothing for his freedom.
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Exodus 21:2 NRS
When you buy a male Hebrew slave, he shall serve six years, but in the seventh he shall go out a free person, without debt.
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Exodus 21:2 RSV
When you buy a Hebrew slave, he shall serve six years, and in the seventh he shall go out free, for nothing.
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Exodus 21:2 DBY
If thou buy a Hebrew bondman, six years shall he serve; and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.
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Exodus 21:2 MSG
"When you buy a Hebrew slave, he will serve six years. The seventh year he goes free, for nothing.
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Exodus 21:2 WBT
If thou shalt buy a Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall depart free for nothing.
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Exodus 21:2 TMB
If thou buy a Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve; and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.
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Exodus 21:2 TNIV
"If you buy a Hebrew servant, he is to serve you for six years. But in the seventh year, he shall go free, without paying anything.
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Exodus 21:2 TYN
Yf thou bye a servaunte that is an hebrue, sixte yeres he shall serue, and the seuenth he shall goo out fre paynge nothinge.
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Exodus 21:2 WEB
If you buy a Hebrew servant, he shall serve six years and in the seventh he shall go out free without paying anything.
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Exodus 21:2 WYC
If thou buyest an Hebrew servant, he shall serve thee six years; in the seventh year he shall go out free, without price; (If thou buyest a Hebrew slave, he shall serve thee for six years; then in the seventh year he shall go out free, without payment of any money;)
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Exodus 21:2 YLT
`When thou buyest a Hebrew servant -- six years he doth serve, and in the seventh he goeth out as a freeman for nought;
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Exodus 21 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 21

Laws respecting servants. (1-11) Judicial laws. (12-21) Judicial laws. (22-36)

Verses 1-11 The laws in this chapter relate to the fifth and sixth commandments; and though they differ from our times and customs, nor are they binding on us, yet they explain the moral law, and the rules of natural justice. The servant, in the state of servitude, was an emblem of that state of bondage to sin, Satan, and the law, which man is brought into by robbing God of his glory, by the transgression of his precepts. Likewise in being made free, he was an emblem of that liberty wherewith Christ, the Son of God, makes free from bondage his people, who are free indeed; and made so freely, without money and without price, of free grace.

Verses 12-21 God, who by his providence gives and maintains life, by his law protects it. A wilful murderer shall be taken even from God's altar. But God provided cities of refuge to protect those whose unhappiness it was, and not their fault, to cause the death of another; for such as by accident, when a man is doing a lawful act, without intent of hurt, happens to kill another. Let children hear the sentence of God's word upon the ungrateful and disobedient; and remember that God will certainly requite it, if they have ever cursed their parents, even in their hearts, or have lifted up their hands against them, except they repent, and flee for refuge to the Saviour. And let parents hence learn to be very careful in training up their children, setting them a good example, especially in the government of their passions, and in praying for them; taking heed not to provoke them to wrath. Through poverty the Israelites sometimes sold themselves or their children; magistrates sold some persons for their crimes, and creditors were in some cases allowed to sell their debtors who could not pay. But "man-stealing," the object of which is to force another into slavery, is ranked in the New Testament with the greatest crimes. Care is here taken, that satisfaction be made for hurt done to a person, though death do not follow. The gospel teaches masters to forbear, and to moderate threatenings, ( Ephesians 6:9 ) , considering with Job, What shall I do, when God riseth up? ( Job 31:13 Job 31:14 ) .

Verses 22-36 The cases here mentioned give rules of justice then, and still in use, for deciding similar matters. We are taught by these laws, that we must be very careful to do no wrong, either directly or indirectly. If we have done wrong, we must be very willing to make it good, and be desirous that nobody may lose by us.

Exodus 21 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 21

Exodus 21:1-6 . LAWS FOR MENSERVANTS.

1. judgments--rules for regulating the procedure of judges and magistrates in the decision of cases and the trial of criminals. The government of the Israelites being a theocracy, those public authorities were the servants of the Divine Sovereign, and subject to His direction. Most of these laws here noticed were primitive usages, founded on principles of natural equity, and incorporated, with modifications and improvements, in the Mosaic code.

2-6. If thou buy an Hebrew servant--Every Israelite was free-born; but slavery was permitted under certain restrictions. An Hebrew might be made a slave through poverty, debt, or crime; but at the end of six years he was entitled to freedom, and his wife, if she had voluntarily shared his state of bondage, also obtained release. Should he, however, have married a female slave, she and the children, after the husband's liberation, remained the master's property; and if, through attachment to his family, the Hebrew chose to forfeit his privilege and abide as he was, a formal process was gone through in a public court, and a brand of servitude stamped on his ear ( Psalms 40:6 ) for life, or at least till the Jubilee ( Deuteronomy 15:17 ).

Exodus 21:7-36 . LAWS FOR MAIDSERVANTS.

7-11. if a man sell his daughter--Hebrew girls might be redeemed for a reasonable sum. But in the event of her parents or friends being unable to pay the redemption money, her owner was not at liberty to sell her elsewhere. Should she have been betrothed to him or his son, and either change their minds, a maintenance must be provided for her suitable to her condition as his intended wife, or her freedom instantly granted.

23-25. eye for eye--The law which authorized retaliation (a principle acted upon by all primitive people) was a civil one. It was given to regulate the procedure of the public magistrate in determining the amount of compensation in every case of injury, but did not encourage feelings of private revenge. The later Jews, however, mistook it for a moral precept, and were corrected by our Lord ( Matthew 5:38-42 ).

28-36. If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die--For the purpose of sanctifying human blood, and representing all injuries affecting life in a serious light, an animal that occasioned death was to be killed or suffer punishment proportioned to the degree of damage it had caused. Punishments are still inflicted on this principle in Persia and other countries of the East; and among a rude people greater effect is thus produced in inspiring caution, and making them keep noxious animals under restraint, than a penalty imposed on the owners.

30. If there be laid on him a sum of money, &c.--Blood fines are common among the Arabs as they were once general throughout the East. This is the only case where a money compensation, instead of capital punishment, was expressly allowed in the Mosaic law.