Now Joseph and all his brothers and all that generation died,17
but the Israelites were fruitful and multiplied greatly and became exceedingly numerous,2 so that the land was filled with them.
Then a new king, who did not know about Joseph, came to power in Egypt.39
"Look," he said to his people, "the Israelites have become much too numerous4 for us.510
Come, we must deal shrewdly6 with them or they will become even more numerous and, if war breaks out, will join our enemies, fight against us and leave the country."711
So they put slave masters8 over them to oppress them with forced labor,9 and they built Pithom and Rameses10 as store cities11 for Pharaoh.
But the more they were oppressed, the more they multiplied and spread; so the Egyptians came to dread the Israelites
and worked them ruthlessly.1214
They made their lives bitter with hard labor13 in brick14 and mortar and with all kinds of work in the fields; in all their hard labor the Egyptians used them ruthlessly.1515
The king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives,16 whose names were Shiphrah and Puah,
"When you help the Hebrew women in childbirth and observe them on the delivery stool, if it is a boy, kill him; but if it is a girl, let her live."17