At midnight1 the LORD 2 struck down all the firstborn3 in Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh, who sat on the throne, to the firstborn of the prisoner, who was in the dungeon, and the firstborn of all the livestock4 as well.
References for Exodus 12:29
Pharaoh and all his officials and all the Egyptians got up during the night, and there was loud wailing5 in Egypt, for there was not a house without someone dead.
References for Exodus 12:30
During the night Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, "Up! Leave my people, you and the Israelites! Go, worship6 the LORD as you have requested.
References for Exodus 12:31
Take your flocks and herds,7 as you have said, and go. And also bless8 me."
References for Exodus 12:32
The Egyptians urged the people to hurry9 and leave10 the country. "For otherwise," they said, "we will all die!"11
References for Exodus 12:33
So the people took their dough before the yeast was added, and carried it on their shoulders in kneading troughs12 wrapped in clothing.
References for Exodus 12:34
The Israelites did as Moses instructed and asked the Egyptians for articles of silver and gold13 and for clothing.14
References for Exodus 12:35
The LORD had made the Egyptians favorably disposed15 toward the people, and they gave them what they asked for; so they plundered16 the Egyptians.
References for Exodus 12:36
The Israelites journeyed from Rameses17 to Succoth.18 There were about six hundred thousand men19 on foot, besides women and children.
References for Exodus 12:37
Many other people20 went up with them, as well as large droves of livestock, both flocks and herds.
References for Exodus 12:38
With the dough they had brought from Egypt, they baked cakes of unleavened bread. The dough was without yeast because they had been driven out21 of Egypt and did not have time to prepare food for themselves.
References for Exodus 12:39
Now the length of time the Israelite people lived in Egypt was 430 years.22
References for Exodus 12:40
At the end of the 430 years, to the very day, all the LORD's divisions23 left Egypt.24
References for Exodus 12:41
Because the LORD kept vigil that night to bring them out of Egypt, on this night all the Israelites are to keep vigil to honor the LORD for the generations to come.25
References for Exodus 12:42
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "These are the regulations for the Passover:26 "No foreigner27 is to eat of it.
References for Exodus 12:43
Any slave you have bought may eat of it after you have circumcised28 him,
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but a temporary resident and a hired worker29 may not eat of it.
References for Exodus 12:45
"It must be eaten inside one house; take none of the meat outside the house. Do not break any of the bones.30
References for Exodus 12:46
The whole community of Israel must celebrate it.
"An alien living among you who wants to celebrate the LORD's Passover must have all the males in his household circumcised; then he may take part like one born in the land.31 No uncircumcised32 male may eat of it.
References for Exodus 12:48
The same law applies to the native-born and to the alien33 living among you."
References for Exodus 12:49
All the Israelites did just what the LORD had commanded34 Moses and Aaron.
References for Exodus 12:50
And on that very day the LORD brought the Israelites out of Egypt35 by their divisions.36
References for Exodus 12:51