Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Judah;
Issachar, Zebulun and Benjamin;
Dan and Naphtali; Gad and Asher.1
References for Exodus 1:4
The descendants of Jacob numbered seventy in all;2 Joseph was already in Egypt.
References for Exodus 1:5
Now Joseph and all his brothers and all that generation died,3
References for Exodus 1:6
but the Israelites were fruitful and multiplied greatly and became exceedingly numerous,4 so that the land was filled with them.
References for Exodus 1:7
Then a new king, who did not know about Joseph, came to power in Egypt.5
References for Exodus 1:8
"Look," he said to his people, "the Israelites have become much too numerous6 for us.7
References for Exodus 1:9
Come, we must deal shrewdly8 with them or they will become even more numerous and, if war breaks out, will join our enemies, fight against us and leave the country."9
References for Exodus 1:10
So they put slave masters10 over them to oppress them with forced labor,11 and they built Pithom and Rameses12 as store cities13 for Pharaoh.
References for Exodus 1:11
But the more they were oppressed, the more they multiplied and spread; so the Egyptians came to dread the Israelites
and worked them ruthlessly.14
References for Exodus 1:13
They made their lives bitter with hard labor15 in brick16 and mortar and with all kinds of work in the fields; in all their hard labor the Egyptians used them ruthlessly.17
References for Exodus 1:14
The king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives,18 whose names were Shiphrah and Puah,
References for Exodus 1:15
"When you help the Hebrew women in childbirth and observe them on the delivery stool, if it is a boy, kill him; but if it is a girl, let her live."19
References for Exodus 1:16
The midwives, however, feared20 God and did not do what the king of Egypt had told them to do;21 they let the boys live.
References for Exodus 1:17