"Make the ephod1 of gold, and of blue, purple and scarlet yarn, and of finely twisted linen--the work of a skilled craftsman.
References for Exodus 28:6
It is to have two shoulder pieces attached to two of its corners, so it can be fastened.
Its skillfully woven waistband2 is to be like it--of one piece with the ephod and made with gold, and with blue, purple and scarlet yarn, and with finely twisted linen.
References for Exodus 28:8
"Take two onyx stones and engrave3 on them the names of the sons of Israel
References for Exodus 28:9
in the order of their birth--six names on one stone and the remaining six on the other.
Engrave the names of the sons of Israel on the two stones the way a gem cutter engraves a seal. Then mount the stones in gold filigree settings
and fasten them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod as memorial stones for the sons of Israel. Aaron is to bear the names on his shoulders4 as a memorial5 before the LORD.
References for Exodus 28:12
Make gold filigree settings
and two braided chains of pure gold, like a rope, and attach the chains to the settings.
"Fashion a breastpiece6 for making decisions--the work of a skilled craftsman. Make it like the ephod: of gold, and of blue, purple and scarlet yarn, and of finely twisted linen.
References for Exodus 28:15
It is to be square--a span long and a span wide--and folded double.
References for Exodus 28:16
Then mount four rows of precious stones7 on it. In the first row there shall be a ruby, a topaz and a beryl;
References for Exodus 28:17
in the second row a turquoise, a sapphire and an emerald;
References for Exodus 28:18
in the third row a jacinth, an agate and an amethyst;
in the fourth row a chrysolite,8 an onyx and a jasper. Mount them in gold filigree settings.
References for Exodus 28:20
There are to be twelve stones, one for each of the names of the sons of Israel,9 each engraved like a seal with the name of one of the twelve tribes.10
References for Exodus 28:21
"For the breastpiece make braided chains of pure gold, like a rope.
Make two gold rings for it and fasten them to two corners of the breastpiece.
Fasten the two gold chains to the rings at the corners of the breastpiece,
and the other ends of the chains to the two settings, attaching them to the shoulder pieces of the ephod at the front.
Make two gold rings and attach them to the other two corners of the breastpiece on the inside edge next to the ephod.
Make two more gold rings and attach them to the bottom of the shoulder pieces on the front of the ephod, close to the seam just above the waistband of the ephod.
The rings of the breastpiece are to be tied to the rings of the ephod with blue cord, connecting it to the waistband, so that the breastpiece will not swing out from the ephod.
"Whenever Aaron enters the Holy Place,11 he will bear the names of the sons of Israel over his heart on the breastpiece of decision as a continuing memorial before the LORD.
References for Exodus 28:29
ver 43; ver 12
Also put the Urim and the Thummim12 in the breastpiece, so they may be over Aaron's heart whenever he enters the presence of the LORD. Thus Aaron will always bear the means of making decisions for the Israelites over his heart before the LORD.
References for Exodus 28:30