Compare Translations for Ezekiel 34:8

Ezekiel 34:8 ASV
As I live, saith the Lord Jehovah, surely forasmuch as my sheep became a prey, and my sheep became food to all the beasts of the field, because there was no shepherd, neither did my shepherds search for my sheep, but the shepherds fed themselves, and fed not my sheep;
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Ezekiel 34:8 BBE
By my life, says the Lord, truly, because my sheep have been taken away, and my sheep became food for all the beasts of the field, because there was no keeper, and my keepers did not go in search of the sheep, but the keepers took food for themselves and gave my sheep no food;
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Ezekiel 34:8 CEB
This is what the LORD God says: As surely as I live, without a shepherd, my flock became prey. My flock became food for all the wild animals. My shepherds didn't seek out my flock. They tended themselves, but they didn't tend my flock.
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Ezekiel 34:8 CJB
"As I live," Adonai ELOHIM swears, "because my sheep have become prey, my sheep have become food for every wild animal, since there was no shepherd, since my shepherds didn't look for my sheep, and instead my shepherds fed themselves but not my sheep,"
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Ezekiel 34:8 RHE
As I live, saith the Lord God, forasmuch as my flocks have been made a spoil, and my sheep are become a prey to all the beasts of the field, because there was no shepherd: for my shepherds did not seek after my flock, but the shepherds fed themselves, and fed not my flocks:
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Ezekiel 34:8 ESV
As I live, declares the Lord GOD, surely because my sheep have become a prey, and my sheep have become food for all the wild beasts, since there was no shepherd, and because my shepherds have not searched for my sheep, but the shepherds have fed themselves, and have not fed my sheep,
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Ezekiel 34:8 GW
As I live, declares the Almighty LORD, because there is no shepherd, my sheep have become prey. My sheep have become food for every wild animal. My shepherds haven't searched for my sheep. They have taken care of only themselves, not my sheep.
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Ezekiel 34:8 GNT
As surely as I am the living God, you had better listen to me. My sheep have been attacked by wild animals that killed and ate them because there was no shepherd. My shepherds did not try to find the sheep. They were taking care of themselves and not the sheep.
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Ezekiel 34:8 HNV
As I live, says the Lord GOD, surely because my sheep became a prey, and my sheep became food to all the animals of the field, because there was no shepherd, neither did my shepherds search for my sheep, but the shepherds fed themselves, and didn't fed my sheep;
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Ezekiel 34:8 CSB
As I live"-the declaration of the Lord God -"because My flock has become [prey and] food for every wild animal since [they] lack a shepherd, for My shepherds do not search for My flock, and [because] the shepherds feed themselves rather than My flock,
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Ezekiel 34:8 KJV
As I live, saith the Lord GOD, surely because my flock became a prey, and my flock became meat to every beast of the field, because there was no shepherd , neither did my shepherds search for my flock, but the shepherds fed themselves, and fed not my flock;
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Ezekiel 34:8 LEB
"{As I live}," {declares} the Lord Yahweh, "{Surely} because my flock have become as plunder, and my flock became as food to all the animals of the field, since there was not a shepherd, [since] my shepherds [have] not sought my flock, but the shepherds fed themselves, and they fed not my flock,'"
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Ezekiel 34:8 NAS
"As I live," declares the Lord GOD, "surely because My flock has become a prey, My flock has even become food for all the beasts of the field for lack of a shepherd, and My shepherds did not search for My flock, but rather the shepherds fed themselves and did not feed My flock;
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Ezekiel 34:8 NCV
As surely as I live, my flock has been caught and eaten by all the wild animals, because the flock has no shepherd. The shepherds did not search for my flock. No, they fed themselves instead of my flock.
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Ezekiel 34:8 NIRV
He says, "My flock does not have a shepherd. Many of my sheep have been stolen. They have become food for all of the wild animals. My shepherds did not care for my sheep. They did not even search for them. Instead, they only took care of themselves. And that is just as sure as I am alive," announces the LORD and King.
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Ezekiel 34:8 NIV
As surely as I live, declares the Sovereign LORD, because my flock lacks a shepherd and so has been plundered and has become food for all the wild animals, and because my shepherds did not search for my flock but cared for themselves rather than for my flock,
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Ezekiel 34:8 NKJV
"as I live," says the Lord God, "surely because My flock became a prey, and My flock became food for every beast of the field, because there was no shepherd, nor did My shepherds search for My flock, but the shepherds fed themselves and did not feed My flock"--
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Ezekiel 34:8 NLT
As surely as I live, says the Sovereign LORD, you abandoned my flock and left them to be attacked by every wild animal. Though you were my shepherds, you didn't search for my sheep when they were lost. You took care of yourselves and left the sheep to starve.
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Ezekiel 34:8 NRS
As I live, says the Lord God, because my sheep have become a prey, and my sheep have become food for all the wild animals, since there was no shepherd; and because my shepherds have not searched for my sheep, but the shepherds have fed themselves, and have not fed my sheep;
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Ezekiel 34:8 RSV
As I live, says the Lord GOD, because my sheep have become a prey, and my sheep have become food for all the wild beasts, since there was no shepherd; and because my shepherds have not searched for my sheep, but the shepherds have fed themselves, and have not fed my sheep;
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Ezekiel 34:8 DBY
[As] I live, saith the Lord Jehovah, verily because my sheep have been a prey, and my sheep have been meat to every beast of the field, because there was no shepherd, and my shepherds searched not for my flock, but the shepherds fed themselves, and fed not my flock,
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Ezekiel 34:8 WBT
[As] I live, saith the Lord GOD, surely because my flock became a prey, and my flock became food to every beast of the field, because [there was] no shepherd, neither did my shepherds search for my flock, but the shepherds fed themselves, and fed not my flock;
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Ezekiel 34:8 TMB
As I live, saith the Lord GOD, surely because My flock became a prey and My flock became meat to every beast of the field because there was no shepherd, neither did My shepherds search for My flock, but the shepherds fed themselves and fed not My flock,
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Ezekiel 34:8 TNIV
As surely as I live, declares the Sovereign LORD, because my flock lacks a shepherd and so has been plundered and has become food for all the wild animals, and because my shepherds did not search for my flock but cared for themselves rather than for my flock,
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Ezekiel 34:8 WEB
As I live, says the Lord Yahweh, surely because my sheep became a prey, and my sheep became food to all the animals of the field, because there was no shepherd, neither did my shepherds search for my sheep, but the shepherds fed themselves, and didn't fed my sheep;
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Ezekiel 34:8 WYC
I live, saith the Lord God, for why for that that my flocks be made into raven, and my sheep into devouring of all beasts of the field, for that that no shepherd was, for the shepherds sought not my flock(s), but the shepherds fed themselves, and fed not my flocks; (As I live, saith the Lord God, because my flock was made into spoils, and my sheep into food for all the beasts of the field, because there was no shepherd, for the shepherds sought not my flock, but the shepherds fed only themselves, and fed not my flock;)
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Ezekiel 34:8 YLT
I live -- an affirmation of the Lord Jehovah, If not, because of My flock being for a prey, Yea, My flock is for food to every beast of the field, Because there is no shepherd, And My shepherds have not sought My flock, And the shepherds do feed themselves, And My flock they have not fed.
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Ezekiel 34 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 34

The rulers reproved. (1-6) The people are to be restored to their own land. (7-16) The kingdom of Christ. (17-31)

Verses 1-6 The people became as sheep without a shepherd, were given up as a prey to their enemies, and the land was utterly desolated. No rank or office can exempt from the reproofs of God's word, men who neglect their duty, and abuse the trust reposed in them.

Verses 7-16 The Lord declared that he intended mercy towards the scattered flock. Doubtless this, in the first place, had reference to the restoration of the Jews. It also represented the good Shepherd's tender care of the souls of his people. He finds them in their days of darkness and ignorance, and brings them to his fold. He comes to their relief in times of persecution and temptation. He leads them in the ways of righteousness, and causes them to rest on his love and faithfulness. The proud and self-sufficient, are enemies of the true gospel and of believers; against such we must guard. He has rest for disquieted saints, and terror for presumptuous sinners.

Verses 17-31 The whole nation seemed to be the Lord's flock, yet they were very different characters; but he knew how to distinguish between them. By good pastures and deep waters, are meant the pure word of God and the dispensing of justice. The latter verses, ( 23-31 ) , prophesy of Christ, and of the most glorious times of his church on earth. Under Him, as the good Shepherd, the church would be a blessing to all around. Christ, though excellent in himself, was as a tender plant out of a dry ground. Being the Tree of life, bearing all the fruits of salvation, he yields spiritual food to the souls of his people. Our constant desire and prayer should be, that there may be showers of blessings in every place where the truth of Christ is preached; and that all who profess the gospel may be filled with fruits of righteousness.

Ezekiel 34 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 34

Ezekiel 34:1-31 . REPROOF OF THE FALSE SHEPHERDS; PROMISE OF THE TRUE AND GOOD SHEPHERD.

Having in the thirty-third chapter laid down repentance as the necessary preliminary to happier times for the people, He now promises the removal of the false shepherds as preparatory to the raising up of the Good Shepherd.

2. Jeremiah 23:1 and Zechariah 11:17 similarly make the removal of the false shepherds the preliminary to the interposition of Messiah the Good Shepherd in behalf of His people Israel. The "shepherds" are not prophets or priests, but rulers who sought in their government their own selfish ends, not the good of the people ruled. The term was appropriate, as David, the first king and the type of the true David ( Ezekiel 34:23 Ezekiel 34:24 ), was taken from being a shepherd ( 2 Samuel 5:2 , Psalms 78:70 Psalms 78:71 ); and the office, like that of a shepherd for his flock, is to guard and provide for his people. The choice of a shepherd for the first king was therefore designed to suggest this thought, just as Jesus' selection of fishermen for apostles was designed to remind them of their spiritual office of catching men (compare Isaiah 44:28 , Jeremiah 2:8 , 3:15 , 10:21 , Jeremiah 23:1 Jeremiah 23:2 ).

3. fat--or, by differently pointing the Hebrew, "milk" [Septuagint]. Thus the repetition "fat" and "fed" is avoided: also the eating of "fat" would not probably be put before the "killing" of the sheep. The eating of sheep's or goats' milk as food ( Deuteronomy 32:14 , Proverbs 27:27 ) was unobjectionable, had not these shepherds milked them too often, and that without duly "feeding" them [BOCHART], ( Isaiah 56:11 ). The rulers levied exorbitant tributes.
kill . . . fed--kill the rich by false accusation so as to get possession of their property.
feed not . . . flock--take no care of the people ( John 10:12 ).

4. The diseased--rather, those weak from the effects of "disease," as "strengthened" (that is, with due nourishment) requires [GROTIUS].
broken--that is, fractures from wounds inflicted by the wolf.
brought again . . . driven away--( Exodus 23:4 ). Those "driven away" by the enemy into foreign lands through God's judgments are meant ( Jeremiah 23:3 ). A spiritual reformation of the state by the rulers would have turned away God's wrath, and "brought again" the exiles. The rulers are censured as chiefly guilty (though the people, too, were guilty), because they, who ought to have been foremost in checking the evil, promoted it.
neither . . . sought . . . lost--Contrast the Good Shepherd's love ( Luke 15:4 ).
with force . . . ruled--( Exodus 1:13 Exodus 1:14 ). With an Egyptian bondage. The very thing forbidden by the law they did ( Leviticus 25:43 ; compare 1 Peter 5:3 ).

5. scattered, because . . . no shepherd--that is, none worthy of the name, though there were some called shepherds ( 1 Kings 22:17 , Matthew 9:36 ). Compare Matthew 26:31 , where the sheep were scattered when the true Shepherd was smitten. God calls them "My sheep"; for they were not, as the shepherds treated them, their patrimony whereby to "feed themselves."
meat to all . . . beasts--They became a prey to the Syrians, Ammon, Moab, and Assyria.

6. every high hill--the scene of their idolatries sanctioned by the rulers.
search . . . seek--rather, "seek . . . search." The former is the part of the superior rulers to inquire after: to search out is the duty of the subordinate rulers [JUNIUS].

10. I will require my flock--( Hebrews 13:17 ), rather, "I require," &c., for God already had begun to do so, punishing Zedekiah and the other princes severely ( Jeremiah 52:10 ).

11. I . . . will . . . search--doing that which the so-called shepherds had failed to do, I being the rightful owner of the flock.

12. in the day that he is among--in the midst of (Hebrew) His sheep that had been scattered. Referring to Messiah's second advent, when He shall be "the glory in the midst of Israel" ( Zechariah 2:5 ).
in the cloudy . . . day--the day of the nation's calamity ( Joel 2:2 ).

13. And I will bring them out from the people, &c.--( Ezekiel 28:25 , 36:24 , Ezekiel 37:21 Ezekiel 37:22 , Isaiah 65:9 Isaiah 65:10 , Jeremiah 23:3 ).

14. good pasture--( Psalms 23:2 ).
high mountains of Israel--In Ezekiel 17:23 , 20:40 , the phrase is "the mountain of the height of Israel" in the singular number. The reason for the difference is: there Ezekiel spoke of the central seat of the kingdom, Mount Zion, where the people met for the worship of Jehovah; here he speaks of the kingdom of Israel at large, all the parts of which are regarded as possessing a moral elevation.

16. In contrast to the unfaithful shepherds ( Ezekiel 34:4 ). The several duties neglected by them I will faithfully discharge.
fat . . . strong--that is, those rendered wanton by prosperity ( Deuteronomy 32:15 , Jeremiah 5:28 ), who use their strength to oppress the weak. Compare Ezekiel 34:20 , "the fat cattle" ( Isaiah 10:16 ). The image is from fat cattle that wax refractory.
with judgment--that is, justice and equity, as contrasted with the "force" and "cruelty" with which the unfaithful shepherds ruled the flock ( Ezekiel 34:4 ).

17. you, . . . my flock--passing from the rulers to the people.
cattle and cattle--rather, "sheep and sheep"; Margin, "small cattle," or "flocks of lambs and kids," that is, I judge between one class of citizens and another, so as to award what is right to each. He then defines the class about to be punitively "judged," namely, "the rams and he-goats," or "great he-goats" (compare Isaiah 14:9 , Margin; Zechariah 10:3 , Matthew 25:32 Matthew 25:33 ). They answer to "t he fat and strong," as opposed to the "sick" ( Ezekiel 34:16 ). The rich and ungodly of the people are meant, who imitated the bad rulers in oppressing their poorer brethren, as if it enhanced their own joys to trample on others' rights ( Ezekiel 34:18 ).

18, 19. Not content with appropriating to their own use the goods of others, they from mere wantonness spoiled what they did not use, so as to be of no use to the owners.
deep waters--that is, "limpid," as deep waters are generally clear. GROTIUS explains the image as referring to the usuries with which the rich ground the poor ( Ezekiel 22:12 , Isaiah 24:2 ).

19. they eat--scantily.
they drink--sorrowfully.

20. fat . . . lean--the rich oppressors . . . the humble poor.

21. scattered them abroad--down to the time of the carrying away to Babylon [GROTIUS].

22. After the restoration from Babylon, the Jews were delivered in some degree from the oppression, not only of foreigners, but also of their own great people ( Nehemiah 5:1-19 ). The full and final fulfilment of this prophecy is future.

23. set up--that is, raise up by divine appointment; alluding to the declaration of God to David, "I will set up thy seed after thee" ( 2 Samuel 7:12 ); and, "Yet have I set My king on My holy hill of Zion" ( Psalms 2:6 ; compare Acts 2:30 , 13:23 ).
one shepherd--literally, "a Shepherd, one": singularly and pre-eminently one: the only one of His kind, to whom none is comparable ( Solomon 5:10 ). The Lord Jesus refers to this prophecy ( John 10:14 ), "I am THE Good Shepherd." Also "one" as uniting in one the heretofore divided kingdoms of Israel and Judah, and also "gathering together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven and on earth" ( Ephesians 1:10 ); thus healing worse breaches than that between Israel and Judah ( Colossians 1:20 ). "God by Him reconciling all things unto Himself, whether things in earth or in heaven."
David--the antitypical David, Messiah, of the seed of David, which no other king after the captivity was: who was fully, what David was only in a degree, "the man after God's own heart." Also, David means beloved: Messiah was truly God's beloved Son ( Isaiah 42:1 , Matthew 3:17 ). Shepherd means King, rather than religious instructor; in this pre-eminently He was the true David, who was the Shepherd King ( Luke 1:32 Luke 1:33 ). Messiah is called "David" in Isaiah 55:3 Isaiah 55:4 , Jeremiah 30:9 , Hosea 3:5 .

24. my servant--implying fitness for ruling in the name of God, not pursuing a self-chosen course, as other kings, but acting as the faithful administrator of the will of God; Messiah realized fully this character ( Psalms 40:7 Psalms 40:8 , Isaiah 42:1 , Isaiah 49:3 Isaiah 49:6 , 53:11 , Philippians 2:7 ), which David typically and partially represented ( Acts 13:36 ); so He is the fittest person to wield the world scepter, abused by all the world kings ( Daniel 2:34 Daniel 2:35 Daniel 2:44 Daniel 2:45 ).

25. covenant of peace . . . evil beasts . . . to cease . . . dwell safely--The original promise of the law ( Leviticus 26:6 ) shall be realized for the first time fully under Messiah ( Isaiah 11:6-9 , 35:9 , Hosea 2:18 ).

26. them and the places round about my hill--The Jews, and Zion, God's hill ( Psalms 2:6 ), are to be sources of blessing, not merely to themselves, but to the surrounding heathen ( Isaiah 19:24 , Isaiah 56:6 Isaiah 56:7 , 60:3 , Micah 5:7 , Zechariah 8:13 ). The literal fulfilment is, however, the primary one, though the spiritual also is designed. In correspondence with the settled reign of righteousness internally, all is to be prosperity externally, fertilizing showers (according to the promise of the ancient covenant, Leviticus 26:4 , Psalms 68:9 , Malachi 3:10 ), and productive trees and lands ( Ezekiel 34:27 ). Thus shall they realize the image of Ezekiel 34:14 ; namely, a flock richly pastured by God Himself.

27. served themselves of them--availed themselves of their services, as if the Jews were their slaves ( Jeremiah 22:13 , 25:14 ; compare Genesis 15:13 , Exodus 1:14 ).

28. dwell safely--( Jeremiah 23:6 ).

29. plant of renown--Messiah, the "Rod" and "Branch" ( Isaiah 11:1 ), the "righteous Branch" ( Jeremiah 23:5 ), who shall obtain for them "renown." FAIRBAIRN less probably translates, "A plantation for a name," that is, a flourishing condition, represented as a garden (alluding to Eden, Genesis 2:8-11 , with its various trees, good for food and pleasant to the sight), the planting of the Lord ( Isaiah 60:21 , 61:3 ), and an object of "renown" among the heathen.

31. ye my flock . . . are men--not merely an explanation of the image, as JEROME represents. But as God had promised many things which mere "men" could not expect to realize, He shows that it is not from man's might their realization is to be looked for, but from GOD, who would perform them for His covenant-people, "His flock" [ROSENMULLER]. When we realize most our weakness and God's power and faithfulness to His covenant, we are in the fittest state for receiving His blessings.