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Compare Translations for Ezra 10:19

Ezra 10:19 ASV
And they gave their hand that they would put away their wives; and being guilty, [they offered] a ram of the flock for their guilt.
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Ezra 10:19 BBE
And they gave their word that they would put away their wives; and for their sin, they gave an offering of a male sheep of the flock.
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Ezra 10:19 CEB
They promised to send their wives away, and their compensation offering was a ram of the flock for their guilt.
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Ezra 10:19 CJB
They promised that they would send their wives away; and since they were guilty, they offered a ram from the flock for their guilt.
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Ezra 10:19 RHE
And they gave their hands to put away their wives, and to offer for their offence a ram of the flock.
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Ezra 10:19 ESV
They pledged themselves to put away their wives, and their guilt offering was a ram of the flock for their guilt.
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Ezra 10:19 GW
They shook hands as a pledge that they would get rid of their wives. They sacrificed a ram from their flock as an offering for guilt because they were guilty.
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Ezra 10:19 GNT
They promised to divorce their wives, and they offered a ram as a sacrifice for their sins.
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Ezra 10:19 HNV
They gave their hand that they would put away their wives; and being guilty, [they offered] a ram of the flock for their guilt.
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Ezra 10:19 CSB
They pledged to send their wives away, and being guilty, [they offered] a ram from the flock for their guilt;
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Ezra 10:19 KJV
And they gave their hands that they would put away their wives; and being guilty, they offered a ram of the flock for their trespass.
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Ezra 10:19 LEB
{They pledged themselves} to put away their wives, and their guilt offering was a ram of the flock for their guilt.
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Ezra 10:19 NAS
They pledged to put away their wives, and being guilty, they offered a ram of the flock for their offense.
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Ezra 10:19 NCV
(They all promised to divorce their wives, and each one brought a male sheep from the flock as a penalty offering.)
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Ezra 10:19 NIRV
All of them made a firm promise to send their wives away. Each of those men brought a ram from his flock as a guilt offering.
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Ezra 10:19 NIV
(They all gave their hands in pledge to put away their wives, and for their guilt they each presented a ram from the flock as a guilt offering.)
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Ezra 10:19 NKJV
And they gave their promise that they would put away their wives; and being guilty, they presented a ram of the flock as their trespass offering.
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Ezra 10:19 NLT
They vowed to divorce their wives, and they each acknowledged their guilt by offering a ram as a guilt offering.
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Ezra 10:19 NRS
They pledged themselves to send away their wives, and their guilt offering was a ram of the flock for their guilt.
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Ezra 10:19 RSV
They pledged themselves to put away their wives, and their guilt offering was a ram of the flock for their guilt.
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Ezra 10:19 DBY
And they gave their hand to send away their wives; and they offered a ram of the flock, as trespass-offering for their guilt.
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Ezra 10:19 MSG
They all promised to divorce their wives and sealed it with a handshake. For their guilt they brought a ram from the flock as a Compensation-Offering.
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Ezra 10:19 WBT
And they gave their hands that they would put away their wives; and [being] guilty, [they offered] a ram of the flock for their trespass.
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Ezra 10:19 TMB
And they gave their hands that they would put away their wives; and being guilty, they offered a ram of the flock for their trespass.
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Ezra 10:19 TNIV
(They all gave their hands in pledge to put away their wives, and for their guilt they each presented a ram from the flock as a guilt offering.)
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Ezra 10:19 WEB
They gave their hand that they would put away their wives; and being guilty, [they offered] a ram of the flock for their guilt.
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Ezra 10:19 WYC
And they gave their hands, that is, confirmed with a solemn oath, that they should cast out their wives, and that they should offer for their trespass a ram of [the] sheep. (And they gave their hands, that is, they confirmed with a solemn pledge, that they would cast out, or send away, their wives, and that they would offer a ram of the sheep for their trespass.)
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Ezra 10:19 YLT
and they give their hand to send out their wives, and, being guilty, a ram of the flock, for their guilt.
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Ezra 10 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 10

Ezra encourages to reformation. (1-5) He assembles the people. (6-14) Reformation effected. (15-44)

Verses 1-5 Shechaniah owned the national guilt. The case is sad, but it is not desperate; the disease threatening, but not incurable. Now that the people begin to lament, a spirit of repentance seems to be poured out; now there is hope that God will forgive, and have mercy. The sin that rightly troubles us, shall not ruin us. In melancholy times we must observe what makes for us, as well as against us. And there may be good hopes through grace, even where there is the sense of great guilt before God. The case is plain; what has been done amiss, must be undone again as far as possible; nothing less than this is true repentance. Sin must be put away, with a resolution never to have any thing more to do with it. What has been unjustly got, must be restored. Arise, be of good courage. Weeping, in this case, is good, but reforming is better. As to being unequally yoked with unbelievers, such marriages, it is certain, are sinful, and ought not to be made; but now they are not null, as they were before the gospel did away the separation between Jews and Gentiles.

Verses 6-14 There is hope concerning people, when they are convinced, not only that it is good to part with their sins, but that it is necessary; we must do it, or we are undone. So rich is the mercy, and so plenteous the redemption of God, that there is hope for the vilest who hear the gospel, and are willing to accept of free salvation. When sinners mourn for their sins, and tremble at the word of God, there is hope that they will forsake them. To affect others with godly sorrow or love to God, we must ourselves be affected. It was carefully agreed how this affair should be carried on. That which is hastily resolved on seldom proves lasting.

Verses 15-44 The best reformers can but do their endeavour; when the Redeemer himself shall come to Zion, he shall effectually turn away ungodliness from Jacob. And when sin is repented of and forsaken, God will forgive it; but the blood of Christ, our Sin-offering, is the only atonement which takes away our guilt. No seeming repentance or amendment will benefit those who reject Him, for self-dependence proves them still unhumbled. All the names written in the book of life, are those of penitent sinners, not of self-righteous persons, who think they have no need of repentance.

Ezra 10 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 10

Ezra 10:1-17 . EZRA REFORMS THE STRANGE MARRIAGES.

1. Now when Ezra had prayed--As this prayer was uttered in public, while there was a general concourse of the people at the time of the evening sacrifice and as it was accompanied with all the demonstrations of poignant sorrow and anguish, it is not surprising that the spectacle of a man so respected, a priest so holy, a governor so dignified as Ezra, appearing distressed and filled with fear at the sad state of things, should produce a deep sensation; and the report of his passionate grief and expressions in the court of the temple having rapidly spread through the city, a great multitude flocked to the spot.

2-4. Shechaniah . . . answered and said unto Ezra, We have trespassed--This was one of the leading men, who was not himself a delinquent in the matter, for his name does not occur in the following. He spoke in the general name of the people, and his conduct evinced a tender conscience, as well as no small fortitude in making such a proposal; for as his father and five paternal uncles ( Ezra 10:26 ) were involved in the guilt of unlawful marriages, he showed, by the measure he recommended, that he deemed it better to obey God than to please his nearest relatives.
yet now there is hope in Israel concerning this thing--This hope, however, depended on timely measures of reformation, and therefore, instead of surrendering themselves to despair or despondency, he counselled them to amend their error without delay, relying on God's mercy for the past. Though the proposal may seem harsh and cruel, yet in the peculiar circumstances of the Jews it was just as well as necessary; and he urged the duty of seeing it executed on Ezra, as the only person competent to carry it into effect, being possessed of skill and address for so delicate and difficult a work, and invested by God, and under Him by the Persian king ( Ezra 7:23-28 ), with the requisite authority to enforce it.

5-8. Then Ezra . . . went into the chamber of Johanan--At a private council of the princes and elders held there, under the presidency of Ezra, it was resolved to enter into a general covenant to put away their foreign wives and children; that a proclamation should be made for all who had returned from Babylon to repair within three days to Jerusalem, under pain of excommunication and confiscation of their property.

9-11. Then all the men of Judah and Benjamin--The returned captives belonged chiefly to these tribes; but other Israelites are also included under these names, as they all were then occupying the territory formerly assigned to those two tribes.
It was the ninth month--that is, between the end of December and the beginning of January, which is the coldest and most rainy season of the year in Palestine.
all the people sat in the street--that is, the court.

10-17. Ezra the priest stood up, and said--Having fully represented the enormity of their sin and urged them to dissolve their unlawful connections, he was gratified by receiving a prompt acknowledgment of the justice of his reproof and a promise of compliance with his recommendation. But as the weather was ungenial and the defaulters were too numerous to be passed in review at one time, it was resolved that a commission should be appointed to examine into the whole matter. These commissioners, assisted by the judges and elders of the respective cities, made a minute investigation into every case, and after three months' labor completely removed all traces of the abuse. Doubtless, an adequate provision was made for the repudiated wives and children, according to the means and circumstances of the husbands.

Ezra 10:18-44 . THOSE THAT HAD TAKEN STRANGE WIVES.

18. among the sons of the priests--From the names of so many men of rank appearing in the following list, some idea may be formed of the great and complicated difficulties attending the reformatory work.

19. they gave their hands--that is, came under a solemn engagement, which was usually ratified by pledging the right hand ( Proverbs 6:1 , Ezekiel 17:18 ). The delinquents of the priestly order bound themselves to do like the common Israelites ( Ezra 10:25 ), and sought to expiate their sin by sacrificing a ram as a trespass offering.