2 I would like to learn just one thing from you: Did you receive the Spirit by the works of the law, or by believing what you heard?
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3 Are you so foolish? After beginning by means of the Spirit, are you now trying to finish by means of the flesh?a
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    • h 3:3 - In contexts like this, the Greek word for "flesh" ("sarx" ) refers to the sinful state of human beings, often presented as a power in opposition to the Spirit.
      4 Have you experiencedb so much in vain—if it really was in vain?
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        • i 3:4 - Or "suffered"
          5 So again I ask, does God give you his Spirit and work miracles among you by the works of the law, or by your believing what you heard?
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          6 So also Abraham “believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness.”c
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          7 Understand, then, that those who have faith are children of Abraham.
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              8 Scripture foresaw that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, and announced the gospel in advance to Abraham: “All nations will be blessed through you.”d
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              9 So those who rely on faith are blessed along with Abraham, the man of faith.
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              10 For all who rely on the works of the law are under a curse, as it is written: “Cursed is everyone who does not continue to do everything written in the Book of the Law.”e
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              11 Clearly no one who relies on the law is justified before God, because “the righteous will live by faith.”f
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              12 The law is not based on faith; on the contrary, it says, “The person who does these things will live by them.”g
              References for Galatians 3:12