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Compare Translations for Genesis 10:5

Genesis 10:5 ASV
Of these were the isles of the nations divided in their lands, every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.
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Genesis 10:5 BBE
From these came the nations of the sea-lands, with their different families and languages.
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Genesis 10:5 CEB
From these the island-nations were divided into their own countries, each according to their languages and their clans within their nations.
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Genesis 10:5 CJB
From these the islands of the nations were divided into their lands, each according to its language, according to their families, in their nations.
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Genesis 10:5 RHE
By these were divided the islands of the Gentiles in their lands, every one according to his tongue and their families in their nations.
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Genesis 10:5 ESV
From these the coastland peoples spread in their lands, each with his own language, by their clans, in their nations.
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Genesis 10:5 GW
From these descendants the people of the coastlands spread into their own countries. Each nation had its own language and families.
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Genesis 10:5 GNT
they were the ancestors of the people who live along the coast and on the islands. These are the descendants of Japheth, living in their different tribes and countries, each group speaking its own language.
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Genesis 10:5 HNV
Of these were the isles of the nations divided in their lands, everyone after his language, after their families, in their nations.
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Genesis 10:5 CSB
The coastland peoples spread out into their lands. These are [Japheth's sons] by their clans, in their nations. Each [group] had its own language.
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Genesis 10:5 KJV
By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.
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Genesis 10:5 LEB
From these the coastland peoples spread out through their lands, each according to his own language by their own families, in their nations.
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Genesis 10:5 NAS
From these the coastlands of the nations were separated into their lands, every one according to his language, according to their families, into their nations.
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Genesis 10:5 NCV
Those who lived in the lands around the Mediterranean Sea came from these sons of Japheth. All the families grew and became different nations, each nation with its own land and its own language.
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Genesis 10:5 NIRV
The people who lived by the sea came from all of them. Their tribes and nations spread out into their own territories. Each tribe and nation had its own language.
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Genesis 10:5 NIV
(From these the maritime peoples spread out into their territories by their clans within their nations, each with its own language.)
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Genesis 10:5 NKJV
From these the coastland peoples of the Gentiles were separated into their lands, everyone according to his language, according to their families, into their nations.
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Genesis 10:5 NLT
Their descendants became the seafaring peoples in various lands, each tribe with its own language.
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Genesis 10:5 NRS
From these the coastland peoples spread. These are the descendants of Japheth in their lands, with their own language, by their families, in their nations.
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Genesis 10:5 RSV
From these the coastland peoples spread. These are the sons of Japheth in their lands, each with his own language, by their families, in their nations.
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Genesis 10:5 DBY
From these came the distribution of the isles of the nations, according to their lands, every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.
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Genesis 10:5 MSG
The seafaring peoples developed from these, each in its own place by family, each with its own language.
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Genesis 10:5 WBT
By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.
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Genesis 10:5 TMB
By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided into their lands, every one after his own tongue, according to their families, into their nations.
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Genesis 10:5 TNIV
(From these the maritime peoples spread out into their territories by their clans within their nations, each with its own language.)
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Genesis 10:5 TYN
Of these came the Iles of the gentylls in there contres every man in his speach kynred and nation.
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Genesis 10:5 WEB
Of these were the isles of the nations divided in their lands, everyone after his language, after their families, in their nations.
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Genesis 10:5 WYC
of these sons the isles of the heathen men were parted in their countries, each by his language, and families, in his nations. (from these sons the heathen on the islands separated into their own countries, with their own languages, and families, and nations.)
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Genesis 10:5 YLT
By these have the isles of the nations been parted in their lands, each by his tongue, by their families, in their nations.
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Genesis 10 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 10

The sons of Noah, of Japheth, of Ham. (1-7) Nimrod the first monarch. (8-14) The descendants of Canaan, The sons of Shem. (15-32)

Verses 1-7 This chapter shows concerning the three sons of Noah, that of them was the whole earth overspread. No nation but that of the Jews can be sure from which of these seventy it has come. The lists of names of fathers and sons were preserved of the Jews alone, for the sake of the Messiah. Many learned men, however, have, with some probability, shown which of the nations of the earth descended from each of the sons of Noah To the posterity of Japheth were allotted the isles of the gentiles; probably, the island of Britain among the rest. All places beyond the sea from Judea are called isles, ( Jeremiah 25:22 ) . That promise, ( Isaiah 42:4 ) , The isles shall wait for his law, speaks of the conversion of the gentiles to the faith of Christ.

Verses 8-14 Nimrod was a great man in his day; he began to be mighty in the earth, Those before him were content to be upon the same level with their neighbours, and though every man bare rule in his own house, yet no man pretended any further. Nimrod was resolved to lord it over his neighbours. The spirit of the giants before the flood, who became mighty men, and men of renown, ( Genesis 6:4 ) , revived in him. Nimrod was a great hunter. Hunting then was the method of preventing the hurtful increase of wild beasts. This required great courage and address, and thus gave an opportunity for Nimrod to command others, and gradually attached a number of men to one leader. From such a beginning, it is likely, that Nimrod began to rule, and to force others to submit. He invaded his neighbours' rights and properties, and persecuted innocent men; endeavouring to make all his own by force and violence. He carried on his oppressions and violence in defiance of God himself. Nimrod was a great ruler. Some way or other, by arts or arms, he got into power, and so founded a monarchy, which was the terror of the mighty, and bid fair to rule all the world. Nimrod was a great builder. Observe in Nimrod the nature of ambition. It is boundless; much would have more, and still cries, Give, give. It is restless; Nimrod, when he had four cities under his command, could not be content till he had four more. It is expensive; Nimrod will rather be at the charge of rearing cities, than not have the honour of ruling them. It is daring, and will stick at nothing. Nimrod's name signifies rebellion; tyrants to men are rebels to God. The days are coming, when conquerors will no longer be spoken of with praise, as in man's partial histories, but be branded with infamy, as in the impartial records of the Bible.

Verses 15-32 The posterity of Canaan were numerous, rich, and pleasantly seated; yet Canaan was under a Divine curse, and not a curse causeless. Those that are under the curse of God, may, perhaps, thrive and prosper in this world; for we cannot know love or hatred, the blessing or the curse, by what is before us, but by what is within us. The curse of God always works really, and always terribly. Perhaps it is a secret curse, a curse to the soul, and does not work so that others can see it; or a slow curse, and does not work soon; but sinners are reserved by it for a day of wrath Canaan here has a better land than either Shem or Japheth, and yet they have a better lot, for they inherit the blessing. Abram and his seed, God's covenant people, descended from Eber, and from him were called Hebrews. How much better it is to be like Eber, the father of a family of saints and honest men, than the father of a family of hunters after power, worldly wealth, or vanities. Goodness is true greatness.

Genesis 10 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 10

Genesis 10:1-32 . GENEALOGIES.

1. sons of Noah--The historian has not arranged this catalogue according to seniority of birth; for the account begins with the descendants of Japheth, and the line of Ham is given before that of Shem though he is expressly said to be the youngest or younger son of Noah; and Shem was the elder brother of Japheth ( Genesis 10:21 ), the true rendering of that passage.
generations, &c.--the narrative of the settlement of nations existing in the time of Moses, perhaps only the principal ones; for though the list comprises the sons of Shem, Ham, and Japheth, all their descendants are not enumerated. Those descendants, with one or two exceptions, are described by names indicative of tribes and nations and ending in the Hebrew im, or the English "-ite."

5. the isles of the Gentiles--a phrase by which the Hebrews described all countries which were accessible by sea ( Isaiah 11:11 , 20:6 , Jeremiah 25:22 ). Such in relation to them were the countries of Europe, the peninsula of Lesser Asia, and the region lying on the east of the Euxine. Accordingly, it was in these quarters the early descendants of Japheth had their settlements.

6. sons of Ham--emigrated southward, and their settlements were: Cush in Arabia, Canaan in the country known by his name, and Mizraim in Egypt, Upper and Lower. It is generally thought that his father accompanied him and personally superintended the formation of the settlement, whence Egypt was called "the land of Ham" [ Psalms 105:23 Psalms 105:27 , 106:22 ].

8. Nimrod--mentioned as eclipsing all his family in renown. He early distinguished himself by his daring and successful prowess in hunting wild beasts. By those useful services he earned a title to public gratitude; and, having established a permanent ascendancy over the people, he founded the first kingdom in the world [ Genesis 10:10 ].

10. the beginning of his kingdom--This kingdom, of course, though then considered great, would be comparatively limited in extent, and the towns but small forts.

11. Out of that land went forth Asshur--or, as the Margin has it, "He [Nimrod] at the head of his army went forth into Assyria," that is, he pushed his conquests into that country.
and builded Nineveh--opposite the town of Mosul, on the Tigris, and the other towns near it. This raid into Assyria was an invasion of the territories of Shem, and hence the name "Nimrod," signifying "rebel," is supposed to have been conferred on him from his daring revolt against the divine distribution.

21. Unto Shem--The historian introduces him with marked distinction as "the father of Eber," the ancestor of the Hebrews.

23. Aram--In the general division of the earth, the countries of Armenia, Mesopotamia, and Syria, fell to his descendants.

24. Arphaxad--The settlement of his posterity was in the extensive valley of Shinar, on the Tigris, towards the southern extremity of Mesopotamia, including the country of Eden and the region on the east side of the river.

25. Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided--After the flood ( Genesis 11:10-16 ) the descendants of Noah settled at pleasure and enjoyed the produce of the undivided soil. But according to divine instruction, made probably through Eber, who seems to have been distinguished for piety or a prophetic character, the earth was divided and his son's name, "Peleg," was given in memory of that event (see Deuteronomy 32:8 , Acts 17:26 ).

32. These are the families of the sons of Noah, after their generations, in their nations, &c.--This division was made in the most orderly manner; and the inspired historian evidently intimates that the sons of Noah were ranged according to their nations, and every nation ranked by its families, so that every nation had its assigned territory, and in every nation the tribes, and in every tribe the families, were located by themselves.