Compare Translations for Genesis 4:11

Genesis 4:11 ASV
And now cursed art thou from the ground, which hath opened its mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand;
Read Genesis 4 ASV  |  Read Genesis 4:11 ASV in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 BBE
And now you are cursed from the earth, whose mouth is open to take your brother's blood from your hand;
Read Genesis 4 BBE  |  Read Genesis 4:11 BBE in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 CEB
You are now cursed from the ground that opened its mouth to take your brother's blood from your hand.
Read Genesis 4 CEB  |  Read Genesis 4:11 CEB in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 CJB
Now you are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood at your hands.
Read Genesis 4 CJB  |  Read Genesis 4:11 CJB in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 RHE
Now therefore cursed shalt thou be upon the earth, which hath opened her mouth and received the blood of thy brother at thy hand.
Read Genesis 4 RHE  |  Read Genesis 4:11 RHE in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 ESV
And now you are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand.
Read Genesis 4 ESV  |  Read Genesis 4:11 ESV in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 GW
So now you are cursed from the ground, which has received the blood of your brother whom you killed.
Read Genesis 4 GW  |  Read Genesis 4:11 GW in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 GNT
You are placed under a curse and can no longer farm the soil. It has soaked up your brother's blood as if it had opened its mouth to receive it when you killed him.
Read Genesis 4 GNT  |  Read Genesis 4:11 GNT in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 HNV
Now you are cursed because of the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand.
Read Genesis 4 HNV  |  Read Genesis 4:11 HNV in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 CSB
So now you are cursed [with alienation] from the ground that opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood you have shed.
Read Genesis 4 CSB  |  Read Genesis 4:11 CSB in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 KJV
And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand;
Read Genesis 4 KJV  |  Read Genesis 4:11 KJV in parallel  |  Interlinear view
Genesis 4:11 LEB
So now you are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive the blood of your brother from your hand.
Read Genesis 4 LEB  |  Read Genesis 4:11 LEB in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 NAS
"Now you are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand.
Read Genesis 4 NAS  |  Read Genesis 4:11 NAS in parallel  |  Interlinear view
Genesis 4:11 NCV
And now you will be cursed in your work with the ground, the same ground where your brother's blood fell and where your hands killed him.
Read Genesis 4 NCV  |  Read Genesis 4:11 NCV in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 NIRV
"So I am putting a curse on you. I am driving you away from the ground. It has opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand.
Read Genesis 4 NIRV  |  Read Genesis 4:11 NIRV in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 NIV
Now you are under a curse and driven from the ground, which opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand.
Read Genesis 4 NIV  |  Read Genesis 4:11 NIV in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 NKJV
So now you are cursed from the earth, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand.
Read Genesis 4 NKJV  |  Read Genesis 4:11 NKJV in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 NLT
You are hereby banished from the ground you have defiled with your brother's blood.
Read Genesis 4 NLT  |  Read Genesis 4:11 NLT in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 NRS
And now you are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand.
Read Genesis 4 NRS  |  Read Genesis 4:11 NRS in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 RSV
And now you are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand.
Read Genesis 4 RSV  |  Read Genesis 4:11 RSV in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 DBY
And now be thou cursed from the ground, which hath opened its mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand.
Read Genesis 4 DBY  |  Read Genesis 4:11 DBY in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 MSG
From now on you'll get nothing but curses from this ground; you'll be driven from this ground that has opened its arms to receive the blood of your murdered brother.
Read Genesis 4 MSG  |  Read Genesis 4:11 MSG in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 WBT
And now [art] thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand;
Read Genesis 4 WBT  |  Read Genesis 4:11 WBT in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 TMB
And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand.
Read Genesis 4 TMB  |  Read Genesis 4:11 TMB in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 TNIV
Now you are under a curse and driven from the ground, which opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand.
Read Genesis 4 TNIV  |  Read Genesis 4:11 TNIV in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 TYN
And now cursed be thou as pertaynyng to the erth which opened hyr mouth to receaue thy brothers bloud of thyne hande.
Read Genesis 4 TYN  |  Read Genesis 4:11 TYN in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 WEB
Now you are cursed because of the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother's blood from your hand.
Read Genesis 4 WEB  |  Read Genesis 4:11 WEB in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 WYC
Now therefore thou shalt be cursed on [the] earth, that opened his mouth, and received of thine hand the blood of thy brother. (And so now thou shalt be cursed on the earth, that hath opened its mouth, and received thy brother's blood from thy hand.)
Read Genesis 4 WYC  |  Read Genesis 4:11 WYC in parallel  
Genesis 4:11 YLT
and now, cursed [art] thou from the ground, which hath opened her mouth to receive the blood of thy brother from thy hand;
Read Genesis 4 YLT  |  Read Genesis 4:11 YLT in parallel  

Genesis 4 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 4

The birth, employment, and religion of Cain and Abel. (1-7) Cain murders Abel, The curse of Cain. (8-15) The conduct of Cain, His family. (16-18) Lamech and his wives, The skill of Cain's descendants. (19-24) The birth of another son and grandson of Adam. (25,26)

Verses 1-7 When Cain was born, Eve said, I have gotten a man from the Lord. Perhaps she thought that this was the promised seed. If so, she was wofully disappointed. Abel signifies vanity: when she thought she had the promised seed in Cain, whose name signifies possession, she was so taken up with him that another son was as vanity to her. Observe, each son had a calling. It is the will of God for every one to have something to do in this world. Parents ought to bring up their children to work. Give them a Bible and a calling, said good Mr. Dod, and God be with them. We may believe that God commanded Adam, after the fall, to shed the blood of innocent animals, and after their death to burn part or the whole of their bodies by fire. Thus that punishment which sinners deserve, even the death of the body, and the wrath of God, of which fire is a well-known emblem, and also the sufferings of Christ, were prefigured. Observe that the religious worship of God is no new invention. It was from the beginning; it is the good old way, ( Jeremiah 6:16 ) . The offerings of Cain and Abel were different. Cain showed a proud, unbelieving heart. Therefore he and his offering were rejected. Abel came as a sinner, and according to God's appointment, by his sacrifice expressing humility, sincerity, and believing obedience. Thus, seeking the benefit of the new covenant of mercy, through the promised Seed, his sacrifice had a token that God accepted it. Abel offered in faith, and Cain did not, ( Hebrews 11:4 ) . In all ages there have been two sorts of worshippers, such as Cain and Abel; namely, proud, hardened despisers of the gospel method of salvation, who attempt to please God in ways of their own devising; and humble believers, who draw near to him in the way he has revealed. Cain indulged malignant anger against Abel. He harboured an evil spirit of discontent and rebellion against God. God notices all our sinful passions and discontents. There is not an angry, envious, or fretful look, that escapes his observing eye. The Lord reasoned with this rebellious man; if he came in the right way, he should be accepted. Some understand this as an intimation of mercy. "If thou doest not well, sin, that is, the sin-offering, lies at the door, and thou mayest take the benefit of it." The same word signifies sin, and a sacrifice for sin. "Though thou hast not done well, yet do not despair; the remedy is at hand." Christ, the great sin-offering, is said to stand at the door, ( Revelation 3:20 ) . And those well deserve to perish in their sins, that will not go to the door to ask for the benefit of this sin-offering. God's acceptance of Abel's offering did not change the birthright, and make it his; why then should Cain be so angry? Sinful heats and disquiets vanish before a strict and fair inquiry into the cause.

Verses 8-15 Malice in the heart ends in murder by the hands. Cain slew Abel, his own brother, his own mother's son, whom he ought to have loved; his younger brother, whom he ought to have protected; a good brother, who had never done him any wrong. What fatal effects were these of our first parents' sin, and how must their hearts have been filled with anguish! Observe the pride, unbelief, and impenitence of Cain. He denies the crime, as if he could conceal it from God. He tries to cover a deliberate murder with a deliberate lie. Murder is a crying sin. Blood calls for blood, the blood of the murdered for the blood of the murderer. Who knows the extent and weight of a Divine curse, how far it reaches, how deep it pierces? Only in Christ are believers saved from it, and inherit the blessing. Cain was cursed from the earth. He found his punishment there where he chose his portion, and set his heart. Every creature is to us what God makes it, a comfort or a cross, a blessing or a curse. The wickedness of the wicked brings a curse upon all they do, and all they have. Cain complains not of his sin, but of his punishment. It shows great hardness of heart to be more concerned about our sufferings than our sins. God has wise and holy ends in prolonging the lives even of very wicked men. It is in vain to inquire what was the mark set upon Cain. It was doubtless known, both as a brand of infamy on Cain, and a token from God that they should not kill him. Abel, being dead, yet speaketh. He tells the heinous guilt of murder, and warns us to stifle the first risings of wrath, and teaches us that persecution must be expected by the righteous. Also, that there is a future state, and an eternal recompence to be enjoyed, through faith in Christ and his atoning sacrifice. And he tells us the excellency of faith in the atoning sacrifice and blood of the Lamb of God. Cain slew his brother, because his own works ( 1 John. 3:12 ) consequence of the enmity put between the Seed of the woman and the seed of the serpent, the war broke out, which has been waged ever since. In this war we are all concerned, none are neuter; our Captain has declared, He that is not with me is against me. Let us decidedly, yet in meekness, support the cause of truth and righteousness against Satan.

Verses 16-18 Cain cast off all fear of God, and attended no more on God's ordinances. Hypocritical professors, who dissemble and trifle with God, are justly left to themselves to do something grossly scandalous. So they throw off that form of godliness to which they have been a reproach, and of which they deny the power. Cain went out from the presence of the Lord, and we never find that he came into it again, to his comfort. The land Cain dwelt in was called the land of Nod, which means, 'shaking,' or 'trembling,' and so shows the restlessness and uneasiness of his own spirit, or 'the land of a vagabond:' they that depart from God cannot find rest any where else. Those on earth who looked for the heavenly city, chose to dwell in tabernacles or tents; but Cain, as not minding that city, built one on earth. Thus all who are cursed of God seek their settlement and satisfaction here below.

Verses 19-24 One of Cain's wicked race is the first recorded, as having broken the law of marriage. Hitherto, one man had but one wife at a time; but Lamech took two. Wordly things, are the only things that carnal, wicked people set their hearts upon, and are most clever and industrious about. So it was with this race of Cain. Here was a father of shepherds, and a father of musicians, but not a father of the faithful. Here is one to teach about brass and iron, but none to teach the good knowledge of the Lord: here are devices how to be rich, and how to be mighty, and how to be merry; but nothing of God, of his fear and service. Present things fill the heads of most. Lamech had enemies, whom he had provoked. He draws a comparison betwixt himself and his ancestor Cain; and flatters himself that he is much less criminal. He seems to abuse the patience of God in sparing Cain, into an encouragement to expect that he may sin unpunished.

Verses 25-26 Our first parents were comforted in their affliction by the birth of a son, whom they called Seth, that is, 'set,' 'settled,' or 'placed;' in his seed mankind should continue to the end of time, and from him the Messiah should descend. While Cain, the head of the apostacy, is made a wanderer, Seth, from whom the true church was to come, is one fixed. In Christ and his church is the only true settlement. Seth walked in the steps of his martyred brother Abel; he was a partaker of like precious faith in the righteousness of our God and Saviour Jesus Christ, and so became a fresh witness of the grace and influence of God the Holy Spirit. God gave Adam and Eve to see the revival of religion in their family. The worshippers of God began to do more in religion; some, by an open profession of true religion, protested against the wickedness of the world around. The worse others are, the better we should be, and the more zealous. Then began the distinction between professors and profane, which has been kept up ever since, and will be, while the world stands.

Genesis 4 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 4

Genesis 4:1-26 . BIRTH OF CAIN AND ABEL.

1. Eve said, I have gotten a man from the Lord--that is, "by the help of the Lord"--an expression of pious gratitude--and she called him Cain, that is, "a possession," as if valued above everything else; while the arrival of another son reminding Eve of the misery she had entailed on her offspring, led to the name Abel, that is, either weakness, vanity ( Psalms 39:5 ), or grief, lamentation. Cain and Abel were probably twins; and it is thought that, at this early period, children were born in pairs ( Genesis 5:4 ) [CALVIN].

2. Abel was a keeper of sheep--literally, "a feeder of a flock," which, in Oriental countries, always includes goats as well as sheep. Abel, though the younger, is mentioned first, probably on account of the pre-eminence of his religious character.

3. in process of time--Hebrew, "at the end of days," probably on the Sabbath.
brought . . . an offering unto the Lord--Both manifested, by the very act of offering, their faith in the being of God and in His claims to their reverence and worship; and had the kind of offering been left to themselves, what more natural than that the one should bring "of the fruits of the ground," and that the other should bring "of the firstlings of his flock and the fat thereof" [ Genesis 4:4 ].

4. the Lord had respect unto Abel, not unto Cain, &c.--The words, "had respect to," signify in Hebrew,--"to look at any thing with a keen earnest glance," which has been translated, "kindle into a fire," so that the divine approval of Abel's offering was shown in its being consumed by fire (see Genesis 15:17 , Judges 13:20 ).

7. If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted?--A better rendering is, "Shalt thou not have the excellency"? which is the true sense of the words referring to the high privileges and authority belonging to the first-born in patriarchal times.
sin lieth at the door--sin, that is, a sin offering--a common meaning of the word in Scripture (as in Hosea 4:8 , 2 Corinthians 5:21 , Hebrews 9:28 ). The purport of the divine rebuke to Cain was this, "Why art thou angry, as if unjustly treated? If thou doest well (that is, wert innocent and sinless) a thank offering would have been accepted as a token of thy dependence as a creature. But as thou doest not well (that is, art a sinner), a sin offering is necessary, by bringing which thou wouldest have met with acceptance and retained the honors of thy birthright." This language implies that previous instructions had been given as to the mode of worship; Abel offered through faith ( Hebrews 11:4 ).
unto thee shall be his desire--The high distinction conferred by priority of birth is described ( Genesis 27:29 ); and it was Cain's conviction, that this honor had been withdrawn from him, by the rejection of his sacrifice, and conferred on his younger brother--hence the secret flame of jealousy, which kindled into a settled hatred and fell revenge.

8. And Cain talked with Abel his brother--Under the guise of brotherly familiarity, he concealed his premeditated purpose till a convenient time and place occurred for the murder ( 1 John 3:12 , Jude 1:11 ).

9. I know not--a falsehood. One sin leads to another.

10. the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me--Cain, to lull suspicion, had probably been engaging in the solemnities of religion when he was challenged directly from the Shekinah itself.

11, 12. now art thou cursed from the earth--a curse superadded to the general one denounced on the ground for Adam's sin.

12. a fugitive--condemned to perpetual exile; a degraded outcast; the miserable victim of an accusing conscience.

13, 14. And Cain said . . . My punishment is greater than I can bear--What an overwhelming sense of misery; but no sign of penitence, nor cry for pardon.

14. every one that findeth me shall slay me--This shows that the population of the world was now considerably increased.

15. whosoever slayeth Cain--By a special act of divine forbearance, the life of Cain was to be spared in the then small state of the human race.
set a mark--not any visible mark or brand on his forehead, but some sign or token of assurance that his life would be preserved. This sign is thought by the best writers to have been a wild ferocity of aspect that rendered him an object of universal horror and avoidance.

16. presence of the Lord--the appointed place of worship at Eden. Leaving it, he not only severed himself from his relatives but forsook the ordinances of religion, probably casting off all fear of God from his eyes so that the last end of this man is worse than the first ( Matthew 12:45 ).
land of Nod--of flight or exile--thought by many to have been Arabia-Petræa--which was cursed to sterility on his account.

17-22. builded a city--It has been in cities that the human race has ever made the greatest social progress; and several of Cain's descendants distinguished themselves by their inventive genius in the arts.

19. Lamech took unto him two wives--This is the first transgression of the law of marriage on record, and the practice of polygamy, like all other breaches of God's institutions, has been a fruitful source of corruption and misery.

23, 24. Lamech said unto his wives--This speech is in a poetical form, probably the fragment of an old poem, transmitted to the time of Moses. It seems to indicate that Lamech had slain a man in self-defense, and its drift is to assure his wives, by the preservation of Cain, that an unintentional homicide, as he was, could be in no danger.

26. men began to call upon the name of the Lord--rather, by the name of the Lord. God's people, a name probably applied to them in contempt by the world.