All the congregation of the children of Yisra'el journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, by their journeys, according to the LORD's mitzvah, and encamped in Refidim; but there was no water for the people to drink.
Therefore the people quarreled with Moshe, and said, "Give us water to drink." Moshe said to them, "Why do you quarrel with me? Why do you test the LORD?"
The people were thirsty for water there; and the people murmured against Moshe, and said, "Why have you brought us up out of Mitzrayim, to kill us, our children, and our livestock with thirst?"
Moshe cried to the LORD, saying, "What shall I do with these people? They are almost ready to stone me."
The LORD said to Moshe, "Walk on before the people, and take the Zakenim of Yisra'el with you, and take the rod in your hand with which you struck the Nile, and go.
Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock in Horev. You shall strike the rock, and water will come out of it, that the people may drink." Moshe did so in the sight of the Zakenim of Yisra'el.
He called the name of the place Massah, and Merivah, because the children of Yisra'el quarreled, and because they tested the LORD, saying, "Is the LORD among us, or not?"