Compare Translations for Jeremiah 34:9

Jeremiah 34:9 ASV
that every man should let his man-servant, and every man his maid-servant, that is a Hebrew or a Hebrewess, go free; that none should make bondmen of them, [to wit], of a Jew his brother.
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Jeremiah 34:9 BBE
That every man was to let his Hebrew man-servant and his Hebrew servant-girl go free; so that no one might make use of a Jew, his countryman, as a servant:
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Jeremiah 34:9 CEB
everyone was to free their male and female Hebrew slaves and no longer hold a Judean brother or sister in bondage.
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Jeremiah 34:9 CJB
Everyone who had a male or female slave who was Hebrew was to let him go free; none was to keep as his slave a fellow Jew.
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Jeremiah 34:9 RHE
That every man should let his manservant, and every man his maidservant, being Hebrew man or a Hebrew woman, go free: and that they should not lord it over them, to wit, over the Jews their brethren.
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Jeremiah 34:9 ESV
that everyone should set free his Hebrew slaves, male and female, so that no one should enslave a Jew, his brother.
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Jeremiah 34:9 GW
Everyone was supposed to free his Hebrew slaves, both male and female. No one was supposed to keep another Jew as a slave.
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Jeremiah 34:9 GNT
their Hebrew slaves, both male and female, so that no one would have an Israelite as a slave.
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Jeremiah 34:9 HNV
that every man should let his man-servant, and every man his maid-servant, who is a Hebrew or a Hebrewess, go free; that none should make bondservants of them, [to wit], of a Yehudi his brother.
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Jeremiah 34:9 CSB
so each man would free his male and female Hebrew slaves and no one enslave his Judean brother.
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Jeremiah 34:9 KJV
That every man should let his manservant, and every man his maidservant, being an Hebrew or an Hebrewess, go free; that none should serve himself of them, to wit, of a Jew his brother.
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Jeremiah 34:9 LEB
to let go each one his [male] slave and each one his female slave, the Hebrew and the free Hebrew, [so that] no one among the Judeans [should] enslave his fellow countryman.
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Jeremiah 34:9 NAS
that each man should set free his male servant and each man his female servant, a Hebrew man or a Hebrew woman ; so that no one should keep them, a Jew his brother, in bondage.
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Jeremiah 34:9 NCV
Everyone was supposed to free his Hebrew slaves, both male and female. No one was to keep a fellow Jew as a slave.
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Jeremiah 34:9 NIRV
All of them had to do it. That applied to male and female slaves alike. No one was allowed to hold another Jew as a slave.
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Jeremiah 34:9 NIV
Everyone was to free his Hebrew slaves, both male and female; no one was to hold a fellow Jew in bondage.
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Jeremiah 34:9 NKJV
that every man should set free his male and female slave--a Hebrew man or woman--that no one should keep a Jewish brother in bondage.
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Jeremiah 34:9 NLT
He had ordered all the people to free their Hebrew slaves -- both men and women. No one was to keep a fellow Judean in bondage.
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Jeremiah 34:9 NRS
that all should set free their Hebrew slaves, male and female, so that no one should hold another Judean in slavery.
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Jeremiah 34:9 RSV
that every one should set free his Hebrew slaves, male and female, so that no one should enslave a Jew, his brother.
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Jeremiah 34:9 DBY
that every man should let his bondman, and every man his bondmaid, the Hebrew and the Hebrewess, go free, that none should exact service of them, [that is,] of a Jew his brother.
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Jeremiah 34:9 MSG
to the slaves who were Hebrews, both men and women. The covenant stipulated that no one in Judah would own a fellow Jew as a slave.
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Jeremiah 34:9 WBT
That every man should liberate his man-servant, and every man his maid-servant, [being] a Hebrew or a Hebrewess; that none should retain them in service, [to wit], a Jew his brother.
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Jeremiah 34:9 TMB
that every man should let his manservant and every man his maidservant, being a Hebrew or a Hebrewess, go free, that none should be served by them, to wit: by a Jew, his brother.
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Jeremiah 34:9 TNIV
Everyone was to free their Hebrew slaves, both male and female; no one was to hold another Jew in bondage.
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Jeremiah 34:9 WEB
that every man should let his man-servant, and every man his maid-servant, who is a Hebrew or a Hebrewess, go free; that none should make bondservants of them, [to wit], of a Jew his brother.
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Jeremiah 34:9 WYC
that each man should deliver his servant, and each man his handmaid, an Hebrew man and an Hebrew woman, free, and that they should not be lords of them, that is, in a Jew, and their brother. (that each person should set free their servants, and their servantesses, yea, any Hebrew man or woman, and that they should not be their lords, that is, of a Jew, their brother, or their sister.)
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Jeremiah 34:9 YLT
to send out each his man-servant, and each his maid-servant -- the Hebrew and the Hebrewess -- free, so as not to lay service on them, any on a Jew his brother;
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Jeremiah 34 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 34

Zedekiah's death at Babylon foretold. (1-7) The Jews reproved for compelling their poor brethren to return to unlawful bondage. (8-22)

Verses 1-7 Zedekiah is told that the city shall be taken, and that he shall die a captive, but he shall die a natural death. It is better to live and die penitent in a prison, than to live and die impenitent in a palace.

Verses 8-22 A Jew should not be held in servitude above seven years. This law they and their fathers had broken. And when there was some hope that the siege was raised, they forced the servants they had released into their services again. Those who think to cheat God by dissembled repentance and partial reformation, put the greatest cheat upon their own souls. This shows that liberty to sin, is really only liberty to have the sorest judgments. It is just with God to disappoint expectations of mercy, when we disappoint the expectations of duty. And when reformation springs only from terror, it is seldom lasting. Solemn vows thus entered into, profane the ordinances of God; and the most forward to bind themselves by appeals to God, are commonly most ready to break them. Let us look to our hearts, that our repentance may be real, and take care that the law of God regulates our conduct.

Jeremiah 34 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 34

Jeremiah 34:1-22 . CAPTIVITY OF ZEDEKIAH AND THE PEOPLE FORETOLD FOR THEIR DISOBEDIENCE AND PERFIDY.

The prophecy ( Jeremiah 34:1-7 ) as to Zedekiah is an amplification of that in Jeremiah 32:1-5 , in consequence of which Jeremiah was then shut up in the court of the prison. The prophecy ( Jeremiah 34:8-22 ) refers to the Jews, who, afraid of the capture of the city, had, in obedience to the law, granted freedom to their servants at the end of seven years, but on the intermission of the siege forced them back into bondage.

1. Jerusalem and . . . all the cities that, in such a desperate position, he should reject admonition.

3. ( Jeremiah 32:4 ).

4, 5. Mitigation of Zedekiah's punishment.

5. the burnings of thy fathers--Thy funeral shall be honored with the same burning of aromatic spices as there was at the funerals of thy fathers ( 2 Chronicles 16:14 , 21:19 ). The honors here mentioned were denied to Jehoiakim ( Jeremiah 22:18 ).
Ah, lord!--The Hebrews in their chronology (Sederolam) mention the wailing used over him, "Alas! King Zedekiah is dead, drinking the dregs (that is, paying the penalty for the sins) of former ages."

7. these . . . retained--alone (compare 2 Chronicles 11:5 2 Chronicles 11:9 ).

8. By the law a Hebrew, after having been a bond-servant for six years, on the seventh was to be let go free ( Exodus 21:22 , Deuteronomy 15:12 ).
Zedekiah made a covenant--with solemn ceremonial in the temple ( Jeremiah 34:15 Jeremiah 34:18 Jeremiah 34:19 ).
them--bond-servants ( Jeremiah 34:9 ).

9. none . . . serve himself of a Jew--( Leviticus 25:39-46 ).

11. During the interruption of the siege by Pharaoh-hophra (compare Jeremiah 34:21 Jeremiah 34:22 , with Jeremiah 37:5-10 ), the Jews reduced their servants to bondage again.

13. The last year of Zedekiah was the sabbatical year. How just the retribution, that they who, against God's law and their own covenant, enslaved their brethren, should be doomed to bondage themselves: and that the bond-servants should enjoy the sabbatical freedom at the hands of the foe ( Jeremiah 52:16 ) which their own countrymen denied them!

14. At the end of seven years--that is, not on the eighth year, but within the limit of the seventh year, not later than the end of the seventh year ( Exodus 21:2 , 23:10 , Deuteronomy 15:12 ). So "at the end of three years" ( Deuteronomy 14:28 , 2 Kings 18:10 ), and "after three days, I will rise again" ( Matthew 27:63 ), that is, on the third day (compare Matthew 27:64 ).

15. in the house . . . called by my name--the usual place of making such covenants ( 2 Kings 23:3 ; compare 1 Kings 8:31 , Nehemiah 10:29 ).

16. polluted my name--by violating your oath ( Exodus 20:7 ).

17. not . . . proclaiming liberty--Though the Jews had ostensibly emancipated their bond-servants, they virtually did not do so by revoking the liberty which they had granted. God looks not to outward appearances, but to the sincere intention.
I proclaim a liberty--retribution answering to the offense ( Matthew 7:2 , Matthew 18:32 Matthew 18:33 , Galatians 6:7 , 2:13 ). The Jews who would not give liberty to their brethren shall themselves receive "a liberty" calamitous to them. God will manumit them from His happy and safe service ( Psalms 121:3 ), which is real "liberty" ( Psalms 119:45 , John 8:36 , 2 Corinthians 3:17 ), only to pass under the terrible bondage of other taskmasters, the "sword," &c.
to be removed--The Hebrew expresses agitation Deuteronomy 28:25 Deuteronomy 28:48 Deuteronomy 28:64 Deuteronomy 28:65 , as to the restless agitation of the Jews in their ceaseless removals from place to place in their dispersion.

18. passed between the parts thereof--The contracting parties in the "covenant" (not here the law in general, but their covenant made before God in His house to emancipate their slaves, Jeremiah 34:8 Jeremiah 34:9 ) passed through the parts of the animal cut in two, implying that they prayed so to be cut in sunder ( Matthew 24:51 ; Greek, "cut in two") if they should break the covenant ( Genesis 15:10 Genesis 15:17 ).

20. I will even give--resuming the sentence begun, but not completed ( Jeremiah 34:18 ), "I will give," &c.
seek their life--implacably: satisfied with nothing short of their blood; not content with booty.
dead bodies--The breakers of the covenant shall be cut in pieces, as the calf between whose parts they passed.

21. gone up--that is, raised the siege in order to meet Pharaoh-hophra ( Jeremiah 37:7-10 ). The departure of the Chaldeans was a kind of manumission of the Jews; but as their manumission of their bond-servants was recalled, so God revoked His manumission of them from the Chaldeans.

22. I will command--Nebuchadnezzar, impelled unconsciously by a divine instigation, returned on the withdrawal of the Egyptians.