The soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head. They clothed him in a purple robe
and went up to him again and again, saying, "Hail, king of the Jews!"1 And they struck him in the face.2
Once more Pilate came out and said to the Jews, "Look, I am bringing him out3 to you to let you know that I find no basis for a charge against him."4
When Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe,5 Pilate said to them, "Here is the man!"
As soon as the chief priests and their officials saw him, they shouted, "Crucify! Crucify!" But Pilate answered, "You take him and crucify him.6 As for me, I find no basis for a charge against him."7
The Jews insisted, "We have a law, and according to that law he must die,8 because he claimed to be the Son of God."9
When Pilate heard this, he was even more afraid,
and he went back inside the palace.10 "Where do you come from?" he asked Jesus, but Jesus gave him no answer.11
"Do you refuse to speak to me?" Pilate said. "Don't you realize I have power either to free you or to crucify you?"
Jesus answered, "You would have no power over me if it were not given to you from above.12 Therefore the one who handed me over to you13 is guilty of a greater sin."
References for John 19:11
From then on, Pilate tried to set Jesus free, but the Jews kept shouting, "If you let this man go, you are no friend of Caesar. Anyone who claims to be a king14 opposes Caesar."
References for John 19:12
When Pilate heard this, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judge's seat15 at a place known as the Stone Pavement (which in Aramaic16 is Gabbatha).
References for John 19:13
It was the day of Preparation17 of Passover Week, about the sixth hour.18 "Here is your king,"19 Pilate said to the Jews.
References for John 19:14
But they shouted, "Take him away! Take him away! Crucify him!" "Shall I crucify your king?" Pilate asked. "We have no king but Caesar," the chief priests answered.
Finally Pilate handed him over to them to be crucified.20 So the soldiers took charge of Jesus.
References for John 19:16
Carrying his own cross,21 he went out to the place of the Skull22 (which in Aramaic23 is called Golgotha).
References for John 19:17
Here they crucified him, and with him two others24--one on each side and Jesus in the middle.
References for John 19:18
Pilate had a notice prepared and fastened to the cross. It read: jesus of nazareth,25 the king of the jews.26
References for John 19:19