When Jabin1 king of Hazor2 heard of this, he sent word to Jobab king of Madon, to the kings of Shimron3 and Acshaph,4
References for Joshua 11:1
and to the northern kings who were in the mountains, in the Arabah5 south of Kinnereth,6 in the western foothills and in Naphoth Dor7 on the west;
References for Joshua 11:2
to the Canaanites in the east and west; to the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites8 and Jebusites in the hill country;9 and to the Hivites10 below Hermon11 in the region of Mizpah.12
References for Joshua 11:3
They came out with all their troops and a large number of horses and chariots--a huge army, as numerous as the sand on the seashore.13
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All these kings joined forces14 and made camp together at the Waters of Merom,15 to fight against Israel.
References for Joshua 11:5
The LORD said to Joshua, "Do not be afraid of them, because by this time tomorrow I will hand all of them over16 to Israel, slain. You are to hamstring17 their horses and burn their chariots."18
References for Joshua 11:6
So Joshua and his whole army came against them suddenly at the Waters of Merom and attacked them,
and the LORD gave them into the hand of Israel. They defeated them and pursued them all the way to Greater Sidon,19 to Misrephoth Maim,20 and to the Valley of Mizpah on the east, until no survivors were left.
References for Joshua 11:8
Joshua did to them as the LORD had directed: He hamstrung their horses and burned their chariots.
At that time Joshua turned back and captured Hazor and put its king to the sword.21 (Hazor had been the head of all these kingdoms.)
References for Joshua 11:10
Everyone in it they put to the sword. They totally destroyed them,22 not sparing anything that breathed,23 and he burned up24 Hazor itself.
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Joshua took all these royal cities and their kings and put them to the sword. He totally destroyed them, as Moses the servant of the LORD had commanded.25
References for Joshua 11:12
Yet Israel did not burn any of the cities built on their mounds--except Hazor, which Joshua burned.
The Israelites carried off for themselves all the plunder and livestock of these cities, but all the people they put to the sword until they completely destroyed them, not sparing anyone that breathed.26
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As the LORD commanded his servant Moses, so Moses commanded Joshua, and Joshua did it; he left nothing undone of all that the LORD commanded Moses.27
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So Joshua took this entire land: the hill country,28 all the Negev,29 the whole region of Goshen, the western foothills,30 the Arabah and the mountains of Israel with their foothills,
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from Mount Halak, which rises toward Seir,31 to Baal Gad32 in the Valley of Lebanon33 below Mount Hermon.34 He captured all their kings and struck them down, putting them to death.35
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Joshua waged war against all these kings for a long time.
Except for the Hivites36 living in Gibeon,37 not one city made a treaty of peace38 with the Israelites, who took them all in battle.
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For it was the LORD himself who hardened their hearts39 to wage war against Israel, so that he might destroy them totally, exterminating them without mercy, as the LORD had commanded Moses.40
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At that time Joshua went and destroyed the Anakites41 from the hill country: from Hebron, Debir42 and Anab,43 from all the hill country of Judah, and from all the hill country of Israel. Joshua totally destroyed them and their towns.
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No Anakites were left in Israelite territory; only in Gaza,44 Gath45 and Ashdod46 did any survive.
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So Joshua took the entire land,47 just as the LORD had directed Moses, and he gave it as an inheritance48 to Israel according to their tribal divisions.4950 Then the land had rest51 from war.52
References for Joshua 11:23