Judges 3:1-11 NIV

1 These are the nations the LORD left to test1 all those Israelites who had not experienced any of the wars in Canaan

References for Judges 3:1

2 (he did this only to teach warfare to the descendants of the Israelites who had not had previous battle experience):
3 the five2 rulers of the Philistines,3 all the Canaanites, the Sidonians, and the Hivites4 living in the Lebanon mountains from Mount Baal Hermon5 to Leboa Hamath.6

References for Judges 3:3

    • a 3:3 - Or "to the entrance to"
      4 They were left to test7 the Israelites to see whether they would obey the LORD's commands, which he had given their forefathers through Moses.

      References for Judges 3:4

      5 The Israelites lived8 among the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites,9 Hivites and Jebusites.10

      References for Judges 3:5

      6 They took their daughters11 in marriage and gave their own daughters to their sons, and served their gods.1213

      References for Judges 3:6

      Othniel

      7 The Israelites did evil in the eyes of the LORD; they forgot the LORD 14 their God and served the Baals and the Asherahs.15

      References for Judges 3:7

      8 The anger of the LORD burned against Israel so that he sold16 them into the hands of Cushan-Rishathaim17 king of Aram Naharaim,b18 to whom the Israelites were subject for eight years.

      References for Judges 3:8

        • b 3:8 - That is, Northwest Mesopotamia
          9 But when they cried out19 to the LORD, he raised up for them a deliverer,20 Othniel21 son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother, who saved them.

          References for Judges 3:9

          10 The Spirit of the LORD came upon him,22 so that he became Israel's judgec and went to war. The LORD gave Cushan-Rishathaim23 king of Aram24 into the hands of Othniel, who overpowered him.

          References for Judges 3:10

          11 So the land had peace25 for forty years,26 until Othniel son of Kenaz27 died.

          References for Judges 3:11