These are the nations the LORD left to test1 all those Israelites who had not experienced any of the wars in Canaan
References for Judges 3:1
(he did this only to teach warfare to the descendants of the Israelites who had not had previous battle experience):
the five2 rulers of the Philistines,3 all the Canaanites, the Sidonians, and the Hivites4 living in the Lebanon mountains from Mount Baal Hermon5 to Lebo Hamath.6
References for Judges 3:3
They were left to test7 the Israelites to see whether they would obey the LORD's commands, which he had given their forefathers through Moses.
References for Judges 3:4
The Israelites lived8 among the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites,9 Hivites and Jebusites.10
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They took their daughters11 in marriage and gave their own daughters to their sons, and served their gods.1213
References for Judges 3:6
The Israelites did evil in the eyes of the LORD; they forgot the LORD 14 their God and served the Baals and the Asherahs.15
References for Judges 3:7
The anger of the LORD burned against Israel so that he sold16 them into the hands of Cushan-Rishathaim17 king of Aram Naharaim,18 to whom the Israelites were subject for eight years.
References for Judges 3:8
But when they cried out19 to the LORD, he raised up for them a deliverer,20 Othniel21 son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother, who saved them.
References for Judges 3:9
The Spirit of the LORD came upon him,22 so that he became Israel's judge and went to war. The LORD gave Cushan-Rishathaim23 king of Aram24 into the hands of Othniel, who overpowered him.
References for Judges 3:10
So the land had peace25 for forty years,26 until Othniel son of Kenaz27 died.
References for Judges 3:11