These are the nations the LORD left to test1 all those Israelites who had not experienced any of the wars in Canaan
References for Judges 3:1
(he did this only to teach warfare to the descendants of the Israelites who had not had previous battle experience):
the five2 rulers of the Philistines,3 all the Canaanites, the Sidonians, and the Hivites4 living in the Lebanon mountains from Mount Baal Hermon5 to Lebo Hamath.6
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They were left to test7 the Israelites to see whether they would obey the LORD's commands, which he had given their forefathers through Moses.
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The Israelites lived8 among the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites,9 Hivites and Jebusites.10
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They took their daughters11 in marriage and gave their own daughters to their sons, and served their gods.1213
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The Israelites did evil in the eyes of the LORD; they forgot the LORD 14 their God and served the Baals and the Asherahs.15
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The anger of the LORD burned against Israel so that he sold16 them into the hands of Cushan-Rishathaim17 king of Aram Naharaim,18 to whom the Israelites were subject for eight years.
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But when they cried out19 to the LORD, he raised up for them a deliverer,20 Othniel21 son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother, who saved them.
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The Spirit of the LORD came upon him,22 so that he became Israel's judge and went to war. The LORD gave Cushan-Rishathaim23 king of Aram24 into the hands of Othniel, who overpowered him.
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So the land had peace25 for forty years,26 until Othniel son of Kenaz27 died.
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Once again the Israelites did evil in the eyes of the LORD,28 and because they did this evil the LORD gave Eglon king of Moab29 power over Israel.
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Getting the Ammonites30 and Amalekites31 to join him, Eglon came and attacked Israel, and they took possession of the City of Palms.32
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The Israelites were subject to Eglon king of Moab33 for eighteen years.
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Again the Israelites cried out to the LORD, and he gave them a deliverer34--Ehud35, a left-handed36 man, the son of Gera the Benjamite. The Israelites sent him with tribute37 to Eglon king of Moab.
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Now Ehud38 had made a double-edged sword about a foot and a half long, which he strapped to his right thigh under his clothing.
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He presented the tribute39 to Eglon king of Moab, who was a very fat man.40
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After Ehud had presented the tribute, he sent on their way the men who had carried it.
At the idols near Gilgal he himself turned back and said, "I have a secret message for you, O king." The king said, "Quiet!" And all his attendants left him.
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