1 Samuel 31 LEB

Saul and Jonathan Die on Mount Gilboa

1 Now [the] Philistines [were] fighting against Israel, and the men of Israel fled before [the] Philistines, and they fell slain on Mount Gilboa.

References for 1 Samuel 31:1

      2 And [the] Philistines overtook Saul and his sons, and [the] Philistines killed Jonathan and Abinadab and Malki-Shua, the sons of Saul.
      3 {Saul was in the thick of the battle},a and {the archers}b spottedc him, and he [was] badly wounded by the archers.

      References for 1 Samuel 31:3

        • ˻ 31:3 - Literally "The battle weighed heavily on Saul"
        • ˼ 31:3 - Literally "the shooters, the men with the bow"
        • ˽ 31:3 - Hebrew "found"
          4 Then Saul said to {his armor bearer},d "Draw your sword and thrust me through with it, so that these uncircumcised do not come and thrust me through and make a fool of me!" But {his armor bearer}e [was] not willing [to do so] because he [was] very afraid. So Saul took the sword and fell on it.

          References for 1 Samuel 31:4

            • ˾ 31:4 - Literally "the carrier of his weapons"
            • ˿ 31:4 - Literally "the carrier of his weapons"
              5 And when {his armor bearer}f saw that Saul [was] dead, he also fell on his sword and died with him.

              References for 1 Samuel 31:5

                • ̀ 31:5 - Literally "the carrier of his weapons"
                  6 So Saul died, and his three sons, {his armor bearer},g [and] all his men together that [same] day.

                  References for 1 Samuel 31:6

                    • ́ 31:6 - Literally "the carrier of his weapons"
                      7 And when the men of Israel who [were] on the other side of the valley and [those] who were beyond the Jordan saw that the men of Israel had fled and that Saul and his sons were dead, they abandoned the towns and fled. Thus [the] Philistines came and lived in them.
                      8 {And then}h the next day, [the] Philistines came to strip the dead and they found Saul and his three sons lying [dead] on Mount Gilboa.

                      References for 1 Samuel 31:8

                        • ̂ 31:8 - Literally, "And it happened"
                          9 So they cut off his head and stripped off his armor. Then they sent [messengers] around in the land of [the] Philistines to proclaim [victory in] the templesi of their idols and [to] the people.

                          References for 1 Samuel 31:9

                            • ̃ 31:9 - Or "houses"
                              10 And they put his armor [in] the templej of the Ashtoreth,k and they fastened his corpse to the wall of Beth Shan.

                              References for 1 Samuel 31:10

                                • ̄ 31:10 - Or "house"
                                • ̅ 31:10 - Hebrew plural "Ashtaroth" (Ashtoreth was the female consort of Ba'al)
                                  11 When the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead heard about it, what [the] Philistines had done to Saul,
                                  12 all of {the valiant men}l set out and went all night and took the corpse of Saul and the corpses of his sons from the wall of Beth Shan, and they came to Jabesh and burned them there.

                                  References for 1 Samuel 31:12

                                    • ̆ 31:12 - Literally "the men of ability"
                                      13 Then they took their bones and buried [them] under the tamarisk in Jabesh, and they fasted [for] seven days.