Daniel 2 LEB

The King’s Troubling Dream

1 Nowa in the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuchadnezzar dreamed dreams; and his spirit was troubled and his sleep left him.

References for Daniel 2:1

    • ‹ 2:1 - Hebrew "And"
      2 So the king said to call the magiciansb and the conjurersc and the sorcerers and the {astrologers}d to tell to the king his dreams. And they came in and they stood {before}e the king.

      References for Daniel 2:2

        • Œ 2:2 - Or "soothsayer-priests"
        •  2:2 - Or "enchanters"
        • Ž 2:2 - Literally "Chaldeans"
        •  2:2 - Literally "to the face of"
          3 And the king said to them, "{I have had a dream}f and my spirit is anxious to know the dream."

          References for Daniel 2:3

            •  2:3 - Literally "A dream I have dreamed"
              4 And the {astrologers}g said to the king [in] Aramaic,h "O king, live forever! Tell the dream to your servants and we will reveal the explanation."

              References for Daniel 2:4

                • ‘ 2:4 - Literally "Chaldeans"
                • ’ 2:4 - The text of Daniel is in Aramaic from this point on through Daniel chapter 7. Then the text resumes in Hebrew to the end of the book
                  5 The king answered and said to the {astrologers},i "The command from me is firm: if you [do] not make known to me the dream and its explanation,j [then] you will be broken into pieces and your houses will be laid in ruins.

                  References for Daniel 2:5

                    • “ 2:5 - Literally "Chaldeans"
                    • ” 2:5 - Or "interpretation"
                      6 But if you tell me the dream and its explanation, you will receive gifts and rewardsk and great honor from me. Therefore, tell me the dream and its explanation."l

                      References for Daniel 2:6

                        • • 2:6 - Aramaic "reward"
                        • – 2:6 - Or "interpretation"
                          7 They answered once more and said, "Let the king tell the dream to his servants and we will make the explanation known."
                          8 The king answered and said, "{Certainly}m I know that {you are trying to gain time}n {because}o you have seen {that this matter is firmly decreed by me},p

                          References for Daniel 2:8

                            • — 2:8 - Literally "From [a] certainty"
                            • ˜ 2:8 - Literally "the time you are gaining"
                            • ™ 2:8 - Literally "all because of that"
                            • š 2:8 - Literally "that firm from me [is] the decree"
                              9 for if you [do] not make the dream known to me, {your verdict is fixed},q and you have conspired to say [a] lying and deceitful word to me until the {circumstances}r will change. Therefore, tell me the dream, and I will know that you can tell me its explanation."

                              References for Daniel 2:9

                                • › 2:9 - Literally "one is your verdict"
                                • œ 2:9 - Literally "time"
                                  10 The {astrologers}s answered the king and said, "There is not a man on earth that is able to reveal the word of the king; {in fact},t no great and powerful king has [ever] asked a thing like this of any magicianu or conjurerv or {astrologer}.w

                                  References for Daniel 2:10

                                    •  2:10 - Literally "Chaldeans"
                                    • ž 2:10 - Literally "all because that"
                                    • Ÿ 2:10 - Or "soothsayer-priest"
                                    •   2:10 - Or "enchanter"
                                    • ¡ 2:10 - Literally "Chaldean"
                                      11 And the thing that the king is asking [is too] difficult and {there is no one who}x can reveal it to the king except [the] gods {whose dwelling is not with mortals}."y

                                      References for Daniel 2:11

                                        • ¢ 2:11 - Literally "there is not another"
                                        • £ 2:11 - Literally "concerning their dwelling is not with flesh"
                                          12 Because of this the king became angry, and he became very much enraged, and he said [that] all the wise men of Babylon [are] to be destroyed.
                                          13 And the decree was issued, and the wise men {were on the verge of being executed},z and they searched for Daniel and his companions to be executed.

                                          References for Daniel 2:13

                                            • ¤ 2:13 - Literally "were in the process of being killed"
                                              14 Then Daniel responded prudently and discretely to Arioch, the commander of the imperial guard of the king, who had gone out to execute the wise men of Babylon.
                                              15 {He asked}{ and said to Arioch, the royal official of the king, "{Why}| is the decree from the king [so] severe?" Then Arioch explained the matter} to Daniel.

                                              References for Daniel 2:15

                                                • ¥ 2:15 - Literally "he answered"
                                                • ¦ 2:15 - Literally "Over what"
                                                • § 2:15 - Or "situation"
                                                  16 And Daniel went in and requested from the king that he would give him time, and {he would tell the king}~ the explanation.

                                                  References for Daniel 2:16

                                                    • ¨ 2:16 - Literally "to tell/reveal to the king"
                                                    • © 2:16 - Or "interpretation"
                                                      17 Then Daniel went to his home, and he made the matter known to Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah, his companions,
                                                      18 and [told them] to seek mercy {from the God of heaven}€ concerning this mystery, so that Daniel and his companions, along with the remainder of the wise men of Babylon, would not be killed.

                                                      References for Daniel 2:18

                                                        • ª 2:18 - Literally "from before the God of the heaven"
                                                          19 Then in a vision of the night the mystery was revealed to Daniel; then Daniel blessed the God of heaven.
                                                          20 Daniel {said}: "Let his name, [the name] of God, be blessed {throughout the ages}, for the wisdom and the power {are his}.

                                                          References for Daniel 2:20

                                                            • « 2:20 - Literally "answered and he said"
                                                              21 And he changes the times and the seasons, and he deposes kings and he sets up kings; he gives wisdom‚ to wise men and knowledge to [men who] know understanding.

                                                              References for Daniel 2:21

                                                                • ¬ 2:21 - Aramaic "the wisdom"
                                                                  22 He reveals the deep and the hidden things; he knows what [is] in the darkness, and the light dwells with him.
                                                                  23 To you, O God of my ancestors,ƒ I give thanks and I give praises, for the wisdom and the power you gave to me, and now you have made known to me what we have asked from you, for you have made known to us the matter of the king."

                                                                  References for Daniel 2:23

                                                                    • ­ 2:23 - Or "fathers"

                                                                      Daniel Praises God and Interprets the King’s Dream

                                                                      24 {Therefore}„ Daniel went to Arioch, whom the king had appointed… to destroy the wise men of Babylon; he went and thus he said to him: "You must not destroy the wise men of Babylon; take me in before the king and I will give the explanation† to the king."

                                                                      References for Daniel 2:24

                                                                        • ® 2:24 - Literally "Now because this"
                                                                        • ¯ 2:24 - Aramaic "has appointed"
                                                                        • ° 2:24 - Or "interpretation"
                                                                          25 Then Arioch {quickly}‡ brought Daniel in before the king and thus he said to him: "I have found a man among {the exiles}ˆ of Judah‰ who {can relate}Š the explanation‹ to the king.

                                                                          References for Daniel 2:25

                                                                            • ± 2:25 - Literally "in haste"
                                                                            • ² 2:25 - Literally "the children of exiles"
                                                                            • ³ 2:25 - Aramaic "Jehud"
                                                                            • ´ 2:25 - Literally "he will make known"
                                                                            • µ 2:25 - Or "interpretation"
                                                                              26 {The king then asked}Œ and said to Daniel, whose name [was] Belteshazzar, "Are you able to make known to me the dream that I have seen and its explanation?"

                                                                              References for Daniel 2:26

                                                                                • 2:26 - Literally "The king answered"
                                                                                • · 2:26 - Or "interpretation"
                                                                                  27 Daniel answered the king and said, "The mystery that the king asks, no wise men, conjurers,Ž magicians, [or] diviners are able to make known to the king.

                                                                                  References for Daniel 2:27

                                                                                    • ¸ 2:27 - Or "enchanters"
                                                                                    • ¹ 2:27 - Or "soothsayer-priests"
                                                                                      28 But there is a God in heaven [who] reveals mysteries, and he has made known to King Nebuchadnezzar what [it is] that will be at the end of days. This [is] your dream and the visions of your head on your bed.
                                                                                      29 "[As for you], king, your thoughts on your bed {turned to}‘ what [it was] that would be {in the future},’ and the revealer of mysteries has made known to you what that would be.

                                                                                      References for Daniel 2:29

                                                                                        • º 2:29 - Aramaic "the king"
                                                                                        • » 2:29 - Literally "they went up"
                                                                                        • ¼ 2:29 - Literally "after this"
                                                                                          30 And as for me, [it is] not because of wisdom that is in me more than {any other living person}“ [that] this mystery is revealed to me, but {in order that}” the explanation• may be made known to the king and you will {understand}– the thoughts of your {mind}.—

                                                                                          References for Daniel 2:30

                                                                                            • ½ 2:30 - Literally "all of living beings"
                                                                                            • ¾ 2:30 - Literally "concerning the matter of"
                                                                                            • ¿ 2:30 - Or "interpretation"
                                                                                            • À 2:30 - Literally "know"
                                                                                            • Á 2:30 - Literally "heart"
                                                                                              31 "You, O king, were looking and, look, there was one great statue. This statue [was] huge and its brilliance extraordinary, standing [there] before you, and its appearance [was] frightening.˜

                                                                                              References for Daniel 2:31

                                                                                                • Â 2:31 - Or "dreadful"
                                                                                                  32 The head of this statue [was] of fine gold, its chest and its arms of silver, its belly and its thighs of bronze,
                                                                                                  33 its legs of iron, its feet, part of them of iron and part of them of clay.
                                                                                                  34 You were looking on {until}™ a stone was chiseled outš--that not by hands--and it struck the statue on its feet of iron and clay, and it broke them in pieces.

                                                                                                  References for Daniel 2:34

                                                                                                    • Ã 2:34 - Literally "until that"
                                                                                                    • Ä 2:34 - Or "became loose"
                                                                                                      35 Then the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver and the gold {all at once}› broke into piecesœ and they became like chaff from the summer threshing floor, and the wind carried them away and any trace of them could not be found. But the stone that struck the statue became a great mountain and it filled the whole earth.

                                                                                                      References for Daniel 2:35

                                                                                                        • Å 2:35 - Literally "like one"
                                                                                                        • Æ 2:35 - Or "were crushed"
                                                                                                          36 "This [was] the dream, and [now] we will tell its interpretation to the king.
                                                                                                          37 You, O king, the king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, the power and the might and the glory,
                                                                                                          38 and [also] {human beings wherever they dwell}, the animals of the field and the birdsž of heavenŸ--he has given into your hand and made you ruler over all of them--you are the head of gold.

                                                                                                          References for Daniel 2:38

                                                                                                            • Ç 2:38 - Literally "and into all that dwell sons of humankind"
                                                                                                            • È 2:38 - Aramaic "bird"
                                                                                                            • É 2:38 - Or "the sky"
                                                                                                              39 And after you another kingdom inferior to yours will arise, and another third [kingdom] of bronze that will rule over the whole earth.
                                                                                                              40 And [a] fourth kingdom will be strong as iron, [and] {just as}  iron crushes and smashes {everything},¡ and as iron shatters all of these [other metals], [so] it will crush and it will shatter [these nations].

                                                                                                              References for Daniel 2:40

                                                                                                                • Ê 2:40 - Literally "all of because"
                                                                                                                • Ë 2:40 - Literally "the whole thing"
                                                                                                                  41 {And just as}¢ you saw the feet and the toes, {partly potter's clay}£ and {partly iron},¤ it will be a divided kingdom; and {some hardness}¥ of the iron will be [in it], {just as}¦ you have seen the iron mixed with the wet clay.

                                                                                                                  References for Daniel 2:41

                                                                                                                    • Ì 2:41 - Literally "And that"
                                                                                                                    • Í 2:41 - Literally "from them clay of the potter"
                                                                                                                    • Î 2:41 - Literally "from them iron"
                                                                                                                    • Ï 2:41 - Literally "from the hardness"
                                                                                                                    • Ð 2:41 - Literally "all of because that"
                                                                                                                      42 And [as] the toes of the feet [were] partly iron and partly clay, [so] part of the kingdom will be strong {and partly brittle}.§

                                                                                                                      References for Daniel 2:42

                                                                                                                        • Ñ 2:42 - Literally "and from it, it will be brittle"
                                                                                                                          43 And [in] that you saw the iron was mixed with wet clay, [so] {they will mix in marriage}¨ and they will not cling {to one another},© just as iron [does] not mix with clay.

                                                                                                                          References for Daniel 2:43

                                                                                                                            • Ò 2:43 - Literally "mixing they will in the seed of man"
                                                                                                                            • Ó 2:43 - Literally "this one with that one"
                                                                                                                              44 And {in the day of those kings},ª the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that will {never}« be destroyed, and the kingdom will not be left for another nation,¬ and it will bring an end to all these kingdoms, but it will stand {forever}.­

                                                                                                                              References for Daniel 2:44

                                                                                                                                • Ô 2:44 - Literally "in their days of those kings"
                                                                                                                                • Õ 2:44 - Literally "to forever not"
                                                                                                                                • Ö 2:44 - Or "people"
                                                                                                                                • × 2:44 - Literally "to eternity"
                                                                                                                                  45 {Inasmuch as}® you saw that a stone from the mountain was chiseled out¯ [but] not by hands, and [that] it crushed the iron, the bronze, the clay, the silver and the gold, [thereby] the great God made known to the king what will be {in the future},° and the dream is certain and its explanation trustworthy."

                                                                                                                                  References for Daniel 2:45

                                                                                                                                    • Ø 2:45 - Literally "All of because that"
                                                                                                                                    • Ù 2:45 - Or "became loose"
                                                                                                                                    • Ú 2:45 - Literally "after this"

                                                                                                                                      The King’s Response to Daniel and His God

                                                                                                                                      46 Then the king, Nebuchadnezzar, fell on his face and he paid homage to Daniel; and he commanded [them] to offer [a] grain offering and incense offering to him.

                                                                                                                                      References for Daniel 2:46

                                                                                                                                          47 The king answered Daniel and said, "{Truly}± your God [is] the God of gods and the Lord of kings, and he reveals mysteries, for you are able to reveal this mystery."

                                                                                                                                          References for Daniel 2:47

                                                                                                                                            • Û 2:47 - Literally "From truth that"
                                                                                                                                              48 Then the king promoted Daniel and gave him many great gifts, and made him ruler over the whole province of Babylon and the chief prefect over all the wise men of Babylon.
                                                                                                                                              49 And Daniel made a request from the king, and he appointed Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego over the affairs of the province of Babylon, while Daniel [remained] in the court of the king.