God’s Message to Gog

1 And the word of Yahweh {came} to me, {saying},

References for Ezekiel 38:1

    • a 38:1 - Literally "was"
    • b 38:1 - Literally "to say"
      2 "Son of man, set your face toward Gog of the land of Magog, the head leader of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him.

      References for Ezekiel 38:2

        • c 38:2 - Or "mortal," or "son of humankind"
        • d 38:2 - Or "chief"
          3 And you must say, 'Thus says the Lord Yahweh: "Look! I [am] against you, Gog, the head leader of Meshach and Tubal,

          References for Ezekiel 38:3

            • e 38:3 - Or "chief"
              4 and I will turn you around, and I will place hooks in your cheeks, and I will bring you out and all of your horses and horsemen {fully armed}, all of them, [a] great crowd, holding [a] shield, and small shield, [and] holding swords, all of them.

              References for Ezekiel 38:4

                • f 38:4 - Or "give"
                • g 38:4 - Literally "clothed of fullness"
                • h 38:4 - Or "buckler"
                • i 38:4 - Or "wielding"
                  5 Persia, Cush, and Put [are] with them, all of them, with [a] small shield and helmet.
                  6 Gomer and all of its troops, Beth Togarmah, the remote areas of the north, and with all of its troops and many peoples with them.
                  7 Be ready, and prepare {yourselves}, you and all of your assembly, the assembling around you, and you must be for them as a guard.

                  References for Ezekiel 38:7

                    • j 38:7 - Literally "for you"
                    • k 38:7 - Or "battalions" or "hoards"
                    • l 38:7 - Or "assemblies"
                    • m 38:7 - Or "serve"
                      8 After many days you will be mustered; {in the last years} you will come to a restored land from [the] sword, gathered from many peoples on the mountains of Israel which were as {permanent ruins} [but] from peoples it was brought out, and they will dwell {in safety}, all of them.

                      References for Ezekiel 38:8

                        • n 38:8 - Or "final years"; literally "in the last of the years"
                        • o 38:8 - Literally "ruins continually/permanently"
                        • p 38:8 - Literally "with confidence/assurance/trust"
                          9 And you will advance like a storm; you will come, [and] you will be like a cloud {covering} the land, and all of your troops and many nations [along] with you."

                          References for Ezekiel 38:9

                            • q 38:9 - Literally "to cover"
                              10 " 'Thus says the Lord Yahweh: "{And then} on that day, things will come up on your mind, and you will devise evil plans.

                              References for Ezekiel 38:10

                                • r 38:10 - Literally "and it will be"
                                • s 38:10 - Or "thoughts"
                                • t 38:10 - Or "in"
                                  11 And you will say, 'I will go up against a land of open country; I will come [to] the [people] being at rest {in safety}, all of them dwelling without a wall and crossbars and {without doors},

                                  References for Ezekiel 38:11

                                    • u 38:11 - Or "go"
                                    • v 38:11 - Literally "with confidence"
                                    • w 38:11 - Or "walls"
                                    • x 38:11 - Hebrew "crossbar"
                                    • y 38:11 - Literally "and doors there are not for them"
                                      12 to loot loot, and to plunder plunder, {to assail} inhabited ruins and [a] people gathered together from [various] peoples [and who are] acquiring livestock and goods [and] dwelling at the center of the world.

                                      References for Ezekiel 38:12

                                        • z 38:12 - Or "for"
                                        • { 38:12 - Or "war-booty"; this word is chosen because of the alliteration in Hebrew
                                        • | 38:12 - Or "seize"; this word is chosen because of the alliteration in Hebrew
                                        • } 38:12 - Literally "to bring back your hand against"; NJPS, "to turn your hand against"
                                          13 Sheba and Dedan and traders of Tarshish and all its strong lions, they [will] ask you, 'To loot loot are you coming? To plunder plunder [have] you summoned your assembly, to take away silver and gold, to take livestock and goods, to loot great amounts of loot?" '

                                          References for Ezekiel 38:13

                                            • ~ 38:13 - Or "all of its violent leaders"
                                            •  38:13 - Or "for"
                                            • € 38:13 - Or "war-booty" this word is chosen because of the alliteration in Hebrew
                                            •  38:13 - Or "seize"; this word is chosen because of the alliteration in Hebrew
                                            • ‚ 38:13 - Hebrew "amount"
                                              14 "Therefore prophesy, son of man, and you must say to Gog, 'Thus says the Lord Yahweh: "Will you not realize on that day when my people Israel are dwelling {in safety},

                                              References for Ezekiel 38:14

                                                • ƒ 38:14 - Or "mortal," or "son of humankind"
                                                • „ 38:14 - LXX reads, "stir up/rouse yourself"
                                                • … 38:14 - Literally "with confidence/trust"
                                                  15 and [so] you will come from your place, from [the] remote areas of [the] north, you and many people with you, {horsemen} all of them, a great crowd and a vast army,

                                                  References for Ezekiel 38:15

                                                    • † 38:15 - Literally "riders of horsemen"
                                                      16 and you will advance against my people Israel like a cloud {covering} the land; it will be in the last days, and I will bring you against my land, so that the nations know me, {when I show myself holy through you} before their eyes, O Gog!" '

                                                      References for Ezekiel 38:16

                                                        • ‡ 38:16 - Literally "to cover"
                                                        • ˆ 38:16 - Or "occur"
                                                          17 "Thus says the Lord Yahweh, '[Are] you he of whom I spoke in former days by the hand of my servants the prophets of Israel [who] were prophesying in those days for years [that I would] bring you against them?
                                                          18 And [so] then in that day, on the day of the coming of God against the land of Israel,' {declares} the Lord Yahweh, 'my rage will come up in my anger.

                                                          References for Ezekiel 38:18

                                                            • ‰ 38:18 - Literally "declaration of"
                                                              19 And in my passion, [in] the fire of my wrath, I spoke [that] {certainly} on that day [a] great earthquake will be on the land of Israel.

                                                              References for Ezekiel 38:19

                                                                • Š 38:19 - Or "I asserted"
                                                                • ‹ 38:19 - Literally "if not"
                                                                  20 And the fish of the sea and the birds of the heaven and the animals of the field and all of the creeping things that creep on the earth and all of the humans who [are] on the surface of the earth will shake {at my presence}; and the mountains will be demolished, and the steep mountain sides will fall, and every wall on the earth will fall.

                                                                  References for Ezekiel 38:20

                                                                    • Œ 38:20 - Hebrew "bird"
                                                                    •  38:20 - Or "sky"
                                                                    • Ž 38:20 - Hebrew "animal"
                                                                    •  38:20 - Or "every human being"
                                                                    •  38:20 - Literally "from the face of me"
                                                                    • ‘ 38:20 - Or "to"
                                                                      21 And I will call against him in all of my mountains a sword,' {declares} the Lord Yahweh, '[And] [the] sword of each [person] will be against his brother.

                                                                      References for Ezekiel 38:21

                                                                        • ’ 38:21 - Or "summon against him" (cf. NJPS)
                                                                        • “ 38:21 - Literally "declaration of"
                                                                          22 And I will execute justice with him with a plague and with blood and {torrents of rain}, and hailstones; fire and sulfur I will cause to fall on him and on his troops and on many peoples who [are] with him.

                                                                          References for Ezekiel 38:22

                                                                            • ” 38:22 - Or "with respect to him"
                                                                            • • 38:22 - Literally "rain flooding/pouring down"
                                                                              23 And [so] I will exalt myself, and I will show myself holy, and I will make myself known before [the] eyes of many nations, and they will know that I [am] Yahweh.'"