Ezekiel 38 LEB

God’s Message to Gog

1 And the word of Yahweh {came}a to me, {saying},b

References for Ezekiel 38:1

    • ׬ 38:1 - Literally "was"
    • ׭ 38:1 - Literally "to say"
      2 "Son of man,c set your face toward Gog of the land of Magog, the headd leader of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him.

      References for Ezekiel 38:2

        • ׮ 38:2 - Or "mortal," or "son of humankind"
        • ׯ 38:2 - Or "chief"
          3 And you must say, 'Thus says the Lord Yahweh: "Look! I [am] against you, Gog, the heade leader of Meshach and Tubal,

          References for Ezekiel 38:3

            • װ 38:3 - Or "chief"
              4 and I will turn you around, and I will placef hooks in your cheeks, and I will bring you out and all of your horses and horsemen {fully armed},g all of them, [a] great crowd, holding [a] shield,h and small shield, [and] holdingi swords, all of them.

              References for Ezekiel 38:4

                • ױ 38:4 - Or "give"
                • ײ 38:4 - Literally "clothed of fullness"
                • ׳ 38:4 - Or "buckler"
                • ״ 38:4 - Or "wielding"
                  5 Persia, Cush, and Put [are] with them, all of them, with [a] small shield and helmet.
                  6 Gomer and all of its troops, Beth Togarmah, the remote areas of the north, and with all of its troops and many peoples with them.
                  7 Be ready, and prepare {yourselves},j you and all of your assembly,k the assemblingl around you, and you must bem for them as a guard.

                  References for Ezekiel 38:7

                    • ׵ 38:7 - Literally "for you"
                    • ׶ 38:7 - Or "battalions" or "hoards"
                    • ׷ 38:7 - Or "assemblies"
                    • ׸ 38:7 - Or "serve"
                      8 After many days you will be mustered; {in the last years}n you will come to a restored land from [the] sword, gathered from many peoples on the mountains of Israel which were as {permanent ruins}o [but] from peoples it was brought out, and they will dwell {in safety},p all of them.

                      References for Ezekiel 38:8

                        • ׹ 38:8 - Or "final years"; literally "in the last of the years"
                        • ׺ 38:8 - Literally "ruins continually/permanently"
                        • ׻ 38:8 - Literally "with confidence/assurance/trust"
                          9 And you will advance like a storm; you will come, [and] you will be like a cloud {covering}q the land, and all of your troops and many nations [along] with you."

                          References for Ezekiel 38:9

                            • ׼ 38:9 - Literally "to cover"
                              10 " 'Thus says the Lord Yahweh: "{And then}r on that day, thingss will come up ont your mind, and you will devise evil plans.

                              References for Ezekiel 38:10

                                • ׽ 38:10 - Literally "and it will be"
                                • ׾ 38:10 - Or "thoughts"
                                • ׿ 38:10 - Or "in"
                                  11 And you will say, 'I will go up against a land of open country; I will comeu [to] the [people] being at rest {in safety},v all of them dwelling without a wallw and crossbarsx and {without doors},y

                                  References for Ezekiel 38:11

                                    • ؀ 38:11 - Or "go"
                                    • ؁ 38:11 - Literally "with confidence"
                                    • ؂ 38:11 - Or "walls"
                                    • ؃ 38:11 - Hebrew "crossbar"
                                    • ؄ 38:11 - Literally "and doors there are not for them"
                                      12 toz loot loot,{ and to plunder| plunder, {to assail}} inhabited ruins and [a] people gathered together from [various] peoples [and who are] acquiring livestock and goods [and] dwelling at the center of the world.

                                      References for Ezekiel 38:12

                                        • ؅ 38:12 - Or "for"
                                        • ؆ 38:12 - Or "war-booty"; this word is chosen because of the alliteration in Hebrew
                                        • ؇ 38:12 - Or "seize"; this word is chosen because of the alliteration in Hebrew
                                        • ؈ 38:12 - Literally "to bring back your hand against"; NJPS, "to turn your hand against"
                                          13 Sheba and Dedan and traders of Tarshish and all its strong lions,~ they [will] ask you, 'To loot loot€ are you coming? To plunder plunder [have] you summoned your assembly, to take away silver and gold, to take livestock and goods, to loot great amounts‚ of loot?" '

                                          References for Ezekiel 38:13

                                            • ؉ 38:13 - Or "all of its violent leaders"
                                            • ؊ 38:13 - Or "for"
                                            • ؋ 38:13 - Or "war-booty" this word is chosen because of the alliteration in Hebrew
                                            • ، 38:13 - Or "seize"; this word is chosen because of the alliteration in Hebrew
                                            • ؍ 38:13 - Hebrew "amount"
                                              14 "Therefore prophesy, son of man,ƒ and you must say to Gog, 'Thus says the Lord Yahweh: "Will you not realize„ on that day when my people Israel are dwelling {in safety},…

                                              References for Ezekiel 38:14

                                                • ؎ 38:14 - Or "mortal," or "son of humankind"
                                                • ؏ 38:14 - LXX reads, "stir up/rouse yourself"
                                                • ؐ 38:14 - Literally "with confidence/trust"
                                                  15 and [so] you will come from your place, from [the] remote areas of [the] north, you and many people with you, {horsemen}† all of them, a great crowd and a vast army,

                                                  References for Ezekiel 38:15

                                                    • ؑ 38:15 - Literally "riders of horsemen"
                                                      16 and you will advance against my people Israel like a cloud {covering}‡ the land; it will beˆ in the last days, and I will bring you against my land, so that the nations know me, {when I show myself holy through you} before their eyes, O Gog!" '

                                                      References for Ezekiel 38:16

                                                        • ؒ 38:16 - Literally "to cover"
                                                        • ؓ 38:16 - Or "occur"
                                                          17 "Thus says the Lord Yahweh, '[Are] you he of whom I spoke in former days by the hand of my servants the prophets of Israel [who] were prophesying in those days for years [that I would] bring you against them?
                                                          18 And [so] then in that day, on the day of the coming of God against the land of Israel,' {declares}‰ the Lord Yahweh, 'my rage will come up in my anger.

                                                          References for Ezekiel 38:18

                                                            • ؔ 38:18 - Literally "declaration of"
                                                              19 And in my passion, [in] the fire of my wrath, I spokeŠ [that] {certainly}‹ on that day [a] great earthquake will be on the land of Israel.

                                                              References for Ezekiel 38:19

                                                                • ؕ 38:19 - Or "I asserted"
                                                                • ؖ 38:19 - Literally "if not"
                                                                  20 And the fish of the sea and the birdsŒ of the heaven and the animalsŽ of the field and all of the creeping things that creep on the earth and all of the humans who [are] on the surface of the earth will shake {at my presence}; and the mountains will be demolished, and the steep mountain sides will fall, and every wall on‘ the earth will fall.

                                                                  References for Ezekiel 38:20

                                                                    • ؗ 38:20 - Hebrew "bird"
                                                                    • ؘ 38:20 - Or "sky"
                                                                    • ؙ 38:20 - Hebrew "animal"
                                                                    • ؚ 38:20 - Or "every human being"
                                                                    • ؛ 38:20 - Literally "from the face of me"
                                                                    • ؜ 38:20 - Or "to"
                                                                      21 And I will call against him’ in all of my mountains a sword,' {declares}“ the Lord Yahweh, '[And] [the] sword of each [person] will be against his brother.

                                                                      References for Ezekiel 38:21

                                                                        • ؝ 38:21 - Or "summon against him" (cf. NJPS)
                                                                        • ؞ 38:21 - Literally "declaration of"
                                                                          22 And I will execute justice with” him with a plague and with blood and {torrents of rain},• and hailstones; fire and sulfur I will cause to fall on him and on his troops and on many peoples who [are] with him.

                                                                          References for Ezekiel 38:22

                                                                            • ؟ 38:22 - Or "with respect to him"
                                                                            • ؠ 38:22 - Literally "rain flooding/pouring down"
                                                                              23 And [so] I will exalt myself, and I will show myself holy, and I will make myself known before [the] eyes of many nations, and they will know that I [am] Yahweh.'"