The Example of Jesus’ Suffering

1 Therefore, [since] we also have such a great cloud of witnesses surrounding us, putting aside every weight and {the sin that so easily ensnares us}, let us run with patient endurance the race that has been set before us,

References for Hebrews 12:1

    • a 12:1 - *Here "[since]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("have") which is understood as causal
    • b 12:1 - Literally "the easily ensnaring sin"
      2 fixing our eyes on Jesus, the originator and perfecter of faith, who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, disregarding the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.
      3 For consider the one who endured such hostility by sinners against himself, so that you will not grow weary in your souls [and] give up.

      References for Hebrews 12:3

        • c 12:3 - *The plural reflexive pronoun can still be translated as singular; see Louw-Nida 92.25
          4 You have not yet resisted to the point of [shedding your] blood [as you] struggle against sin.

          References for Hebrews 12:4

            • d 12:4 - *The words "shedding your" are not in the Greek text but are supplied for clarity
            • e 12:4 - *Here "[as]" is supplied as a component of the temporal participle ("struggle")
              5 And have you completely forgotten the exhortation which instructs you as sons? "My son, do not make light of the Lord's discipline, or give up [when you] are corrected by him.
              6 For the Lord disciplines the one whom he loves, and punishes every son whom he accepts."

              References for Hebrews 12:6

                • f 12:6 - A quotation from Prov 3:11-12
                  7 Endure [it] for discipline. God is dealing with you as sons. For what son [is there] whom a father does not discipline?
                  8 But if you are without discipline, in which all [legitimate sons] have become participants, then you are illegitimate and not sons.

                  References for Hebrews 12:8

                    • g 12:8 - *The phrase "legitimate sons" is not in the Greek text but is implied
                      9 Furthermore, we have had {our earthly fathers} who disciplined [us], and we respected [them]. Will we not much rather subject ourselves to the Father of spirits and live?

                      References for Hebrews 12:9

                        • h 12:9 - Literally "the flesh of our fathers"
                          10 For they disciplined [us] for a few days according to what seemed [appropriate] to them, but he [does so] for our benefit, in order that [we] can have a share in his holiness.
                          11 Now all discipline seems for the moment not to be joyful but painful, but later it yields the peaceful fruit of righteousness for those who are trained by it.

                          A Serious Warning Against Refusing God

                          12 Therefore strengthen your slackened hands and your weakened knees,

                          References for Hebrews 12:12

                              13 and make straight paths for your feet, so that what is lame will not be dislocated, but rather be healed.
                              14 Pursue peace with everyone, and holiness, without which no one will see the Lord.
                              15 Take care [that] no one falls short of the grace of God; [that] no one growing up [like] a root of bitterness causes trouble, and by it many become defiled;
                              16 [that] no one [be] a sexually immoral or totally worldly [person] like Esau, who for one meal traded his own birthright.
                              17 For you know that also afterwards, [when he] wanted to inherit the blessing, he was rejected, because he did not find an occasion for repentance, although he sought it with tears.

                              References for Hebrews 12:17

                                • i 12:17 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the temporal participle ("wanted")
                                  18 For you have not come to something that can be touched, and to a burning fire, and to darkness, and to gloom, and to a whirlwind,
                                  19 and to the noise of a trumpet, and to the sound of words which those who heard begged [that] not [another] word be spoken to them.
                                  20 For they could not endure what was commanded: "If even an animal touches the mountain, it must be stoned."

                                  References for Hebrews 12:20

                                    • j 12:20 - A quotation from Exod 19:12-13
                                      21 And the spectacle was so terrifying [that] Moses said, "I am terrified and trembling."

                                      References for Hebrews 12:21

                                        • k 12:21 - A quotation from Deut 9:19
                                          22 But you have come to Mount Zion, and to the city of the living God, to the heavenly Jerusalem, and to tens of thousands of angels, to the festal gathering
                                          23 and assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, and to God the judge of all, and to the spirits of righteous [people] made perfect,
                                          24 and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and {to the sprinkled blood} that speaks better than Abel's [does].

                                          References for Hebrews 12:24

                                            • l 12:24 - Literally "to the blood of sprinkling"
                                              25 Watch out that you do not refuse the one who is speaking! For if those did not escape [when they] refused the one who warned [them] on earth, much less [will] we [escape], [if we] reject the [one who warns] from heaven,

                                              References for Hebrews 12:25

                                                • m 12:25 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the temporal participle ("refused")
                                                • n 12:25 - *Here the verb "will ... escape" is an understood repetition from the previous clause
                                                • o 12:25 - *Here "[if]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("reject") which is understood as conditional
                                                  26 whose voice shook the earth at that time, but now he has promised, saying, "Yet once [more] I will shake not only the earth but also heaven."
                                                  27 Now the [phrase] "yet once [more]" indicates the removal of what is shaken, namely, things that have been created, in order that the things that are not shaken may remain.
                                                  28 Therefore, [since we] are receiving an unshakable kingdom, let us be thankful, through which let us serve God acceptably, with awe and reverence.

                                                  References for Hebrews 12:28

                                                    • p 12:28 - *Here "[since]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("are receiving") which is understood as causal
                                                      29 For indeed our God [is] a consuming fire.