Isaiah 9 LEB

New Light: The Birth of a King

1 {But there will be no gloom for those who were in distress}. In former times he treated [the] land of Zebulun and Naphtali with contempt, but in the future he will honor the way of the sea beyond the Jordan, Galilee [of] the nations.

References for Isaiah 9:1

    • a 9:1 - Isaiah 9:1-21 in the English Bible is 8:23-9:20 in the Hebrew Bible
    • b 9:1 - Literally "Indeed there is no gloom for the one to whom there was anxiety for her"
      2 The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light; light has shined on those who lived in a land of darkness.
      3 You have made the nation numerous; you have not made the joy great. They rejoice in your presence as [with] joy at the harvest, as they rejoice when they divide plunder.

      References for Isaiah 9:3

        • c 9:3 - The written text (Kethib) is "not," but the reading tradition (Qere) is "for it"
          4 For you have shattered the yoke of its burden and the stick of its shoulder, the rod of its oppressor, on the day of Midian.

          References for Isaiah 9:4

            • d 9:4 - Hebrew "like"; the Hebrew letters for "like" and "on" look alike
              5 For every boot {that marches and shakes the earth} and garment rolled in blood {will} be for burning--fire fuel.

              References for Isaiah 9:5

                • e 9:5 - Literally "marching with shaking," which might mean "marching [is] with shaking"
                • f 9:5 - Literally "and it will"
                  6 For a child has been born for us; a son has been given to us. And the dominion will be on his shoulder, and his name is called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
                  7 {His dominion will grow continually, and to peace there will be no end} on the throne of David and over his kingdom, to establish it and sustain it with justice and righteousness now and forever. The zeal of Yahweh of hosts will do this.

                  References for Isaiah 9:7

                    • g 9:7 - Literally "There is no end to the increase of the dominion and to peace"
                    • h 9:7 - Or "for"
                    • i 9:7 - Or "for"
                    • j 9:7 - That is, the kingdom

                      Yahweh’s Anger against Arrogance

                      8 The Lord has sent out a word against Jacob, and it fell on Israel.

                      References for Isaiah 9:8

                          9 And all of the people knew it, Ephraim and the inhabitants of Samaria in pride and arrogance of heart, saying,
                          10 "[The] bricks have fallen, but we will build [with] dressed stone. [The] sycamore-fig trees were felled, but we will replace [them with] cedars."
                          11 So Yahweh strengthened {the adversaries of Rezin} against him, and he provoked his enemies--

                          References for Isaiah 9:11

                            • k 9:11 - Or "his adversaries" if a copyist added "of Rezin" in error
                              12 Aram from [the] east and Philistines from [the] west-- and they devoured Israel with the whole mouth. He has not turned away his anger in all of this, and his hand is still stretched out.

                              References for Isaiah 9:12

                                • l 9:12 - Hebrew "Philistine"
                                  13 And the people did not turn to the one who struck it, and they did not seek Yahweh of hosts.

                                  References for Isaiah 9:13

                                    • m 9:13 - That is, the people
                                      14 So Yahweh cut off head and tail from Israel, palm branch and reed [in] one day.
                                      15 Elders and {the respectable} [are] the head, and prophets who teach lies [are] the tail.

                                      References for Isaiah 9:15

                                        • n 9:15 - Hebrew "Elder"
                                        • o 9:15 - Literally "one lifted up of face"
                                        • p 9:15 - Hebrew "prophet"
                                        • q 9:15 - Hebrew "lie"
                                          16 And the leaders of this people were misleading [them], and those who were led [were] confused.
                                          17 Therefore the Lord did not rejoice over its young men, and he did not have compassion on its orphans and widows, for everyone [was] godless and an evildoer, and every mouth [was] speaking folly. In all of this his anger did not turn away, and still his hand [is] stretched out.
                                          18 For wickedness burned like fire; it consumed brier and thorn. And it kindled the thickets of the forest, and they swirled upward [in] a column of smoke.
                                          19 The land was burned through the wrath of Yahweh of hosts, and the people became like fire fuel. {People had no compassion toward each other}.

                                          References for Isaiah 9:19

                                            • r 9:19 - Literally "A man does not have compassion toward his brother"
                                              20 They devoured on [the] right but [still] were hungry and devoured on [the] left but they were not satisfied. Each one devoured the flesh of his arm,
                                              21 Manasseh [devoured] Ephraim, and Ephraim Manasseh; together they [were] against Judah. In all of this his anger has not turned away, and still his hand [is] stretched out.

                                              Study tools for Isaiah 9

                                              • a 9:1 - Isaiah 9:1-21 in the English Bible is 8:23-9:20 in the Hebrew Bible
                                              • b 9:1 - Literally "Indeed there is no gloom for the one to whom there was anxiety for her"
                                              • c 9:3 - The written text (Kethib) is "not," but the reading tradition (Qere) is "for it"
                                              • d 9:4 - Hebrew "like"; the Hebrew letters for "like" and "on" look alike
                                              • e 9:5 - Literally "marching with shaking," which might mean "marching [is] with shaking"
                                              • f 9:5 - Literally "and it will"
                                              • g 9:7 - Literally "There is no end to the increase of the dominion and to peace"
                                              • h 9:7 - Or "for"
                                              • i 9:7 - Or "for"
                                              • j 9:7 - That is, the kingdom
                                              • k 9:11 - Or "his adversaries" if a copyist added "of Rezin" in error
                                              • l 9:12 - Hebrew "Philistine"
                                              • m 9:13 - That is, the people
                                              • n 9:15 - Hebrew "Elder"
                                              • o 9:15 - Literally "one lifted up of face"
                                              • p 9:15 - Hebrew "prophet"
                                              • q 9:15 - Hebrew "lie"
                                              • r 9:19 - Literally "A man does not have compassion toward his brother"