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Jonah Disobeys Yahweh

1 And the word of Yahweh came to Jonah the son of Amittai, saying,

References for Jonah 1:1

      2 "Get up! Go to the great city Nineveh and cry out against her, because their evil has come up {before me}."a

      References for Jonah 1:2

        • a 1:2 - Literally "to my face"
          3 But Jonah set out to flee toward Tarshish from {the presence of}b Yahweh. And he went down [to] Joppa and found a merchant ship going [to] Tarshish, and paid her fare, and went on board her to go with them toward Tarshish from {the presence of}c Yahweh.

          References for Jonah 1:3

            • b 1:3 - Literally "from to face of"
            • c 1:3 - Literally "from to face of"
              4 And Yahweh hurled a great wind upon the sea, and it was a great storm on the sea, and the merchant ship {was in danger of breaking up}.d

              References for Jonah 1:4

                • d 1:4 - Literally "threatened to be broken up"
                  5 And the mariners were afraid, and each cried out to his god. And they threw the {contents}e that were in the merchant ship into the sea to lighten it for them. And [meanwhile] Jonah went down into the hold of the vessel and lay down and fell asleep.

                  References for Jonah 1:5

                    • e 1:5 - Literally "objects"
                      6 And the captainf of the ship approached him and said to him, "Why are you {sound asleep}?g Get up! Call on your god! Perhaps [your] godh will take notice of us and we won't perish!"

                      References for Jonah 1:6

                        • f 1:6 - Or "commander"
                        • g 1:6 - Literally "in a deep sleep"
                        • h 1:6 - Literally "the god," with the article indicating previous reference
                          7 And they said {to one another},i "Come, let us cast lots so that we may know on whose account this disaster [has come] on us!" And they cast lots, and the lot fell on Jonah.

                          References for Jonah 1:7

                            • i 1:7 - Literally "each to his friend/companion"
                              8 So they said to him, "Please tell us whoever [is responsible that] this disaster [has come] upon us! What [is] your occupation? And from where do you come? What [is] your country? And from which people [are] you?"
                              9 And he said to them, "I [am] a Hebrew, and I fear Yahweh, the God of heaven, who made the sea and the dry land."
                              10 Then the men {were greatly afraid},j and they said to him, "What [is] this you have done?" because theyk knew that he [was] fleeing {from the presence of}l Yahweh (because he had told them).

                              References for Jonah 1:10

                                • j 1:10 - Literally "were afraid with a great fear"
                                • k 1:10 - Literally "the men" but this is redundant in English
                                • l 1:10 - Literally "from before the face of"
                                  11 So they said to him, "What shall we do to you so that the sea may quiet down for us?" because the sea {was growing more and more tempestuous}.m

                                  References for Jonah 1:11

                                    • m 1:11 - Literally "going/growing and storming"
                                      12 And he said to them, "Pick me up and hurl me into the sea so that the sea may quiet down for you, because I know that on account of me this great storm [has come] upon you all."
                                      13 But the men rowed [hard] to bring [the ship]n back to the dry land, and they could not [do so] because the sea {was growing more and more tempestuous}o against them.

                                      References for Jonah 1:13

                                        • n 1:13 - Here the direct object is supplied from context
                                        • o 1:13 - Literally "going/growing and storming"
                                          14 So they cried out to Yahweh, and they said, "O Yahweh! Please do not let us perish because of this man's life, and {do not make us guilty of innocent blood},p because you, O Yahweh, did what you wanted."

                                          References for Jonah 1:14

                                            • p 1:14 - Literally "do not give innocent blood on us"
                                              15 And they picked Jonah up and hurled him into the sea, and the sea ceased from its raging.
                                              16 So the men feared Yahweh {greatly},q and they offered a sacrifice to Yahweh and {made}r vows.

                                              References for Jonah 1:16

                                                • q 1:16 - Literally "with a great fear"
                                                • r 1:16 - Literally "vowed"

                                                  Jonah Is Swallowed by a Fish and Prays to Yahweh

                                                  17 s And Yahweh provided a large fish to swallow up Jonah, and Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights.

                                                  References for Jonah 1:17

                                                    • s 1:17 - Jonah 1:17-2:10 in the English Bible is 2:1-11 in the Hebrew Bible