Israel Continues Its Conquest

1 After the death of Joshua, the {Israelites}a inquired of Yahweh, saying, "Who will go up first for us against the Canaanitesb to fight against them?"

References for Judges 1:1

    • a 1:1 - Literally "sons/children of Israel"
    • b 1:1 - Hebrew "Canaanite"
      2 And Yahweh said, "Judah will go up. I hereby give the land into his hand."
      3 And Judah said to Simeon his brother, "Go up with me into my allotment, and let us fight against the Canaanites; then I too will go with you into your allotment." And Simeon went with him.
      4 And Judah went up, and Yahweh gave the Canaanitesc and the Perizzitesd into their hand, and they defeated ten thousand men at Bezek.

      References for Judges 1:4

        • c 1:4 - Hebrew "Canaanite"
        • d 1:4 - Hebrew "Perizzite"
          5 At Bezek they came upon Adoni-bezek, and they fought against him and defeated the Canaanitese and the Perizzites.f

          References for Judges 1:5

            • e 1:5 - Hebrew "Canaanite"
            • f 1:5 - Hebrew "Perizzite"
              6 And Adoni-bezek fled, but they pursued after him; they caught him and cut off {his thumbs and big toes}.g

              References for Judges 1:6

                • g 1:6 - Literally "the thumbs of his hands and feet"
                  7 Adoni-bezek said, "Seventy kings with {their thumbs and big toes}h cut off used to pick up [scraps] under my table; just as I have done, so God has repaid to me. And they brought him [to] Jerusalem, and he died there.

                  References for Judges 1:7

                    • h 1:7 - Literally "the thumbs of their hands and feet"
                      8 The descendantsi of Judah fought against Jerusalem, and they captured it, {put it to the sword},j and {set the city on fire}.k

                      References for Judges 1:8

                        • i 1:8 - Or "sons/children"
                        • j 1:8 - Literally "they struck it with the mouth of the sword"
                        • k 1:8 - Literally "the city they sent away with fire"
                          9 Afterward the descendantsl of Judah pursued to fight against the Canaanitesm who were living in the hill country, the Negev,n and the Shephelah.o

                          References for Judges 1:9

                            • l 1:9 - Or "sons/children"
                            • m 1:9 - Hebrew "Canaanite"
                            • n 1:9 - An arid region south of the Judean hills
                            • o 1:9 - A geographical region associated with an area of low country on the western edge of the Judaean hills.
                              10 And Judah went against the Canaanitesp living in Hebron (the former name of Hebron [was] Kiriath Arba). And they defeated Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai.

                              References for Judges 1:10

                                • p 1:10 - Hebrew "Canaanite"
                                  11 And from there they went to the inhabitants of Debir (the former name of Debir [was] Kiriath Sepher).
                                  12 And Caleb said, "Whoever attacks Kiriath Sepher and captures it, I will give to him Acsah my daughter as a wife."
                                  13 Othniel son of Kenaz, the younger brother of Caleb, captured it, and he gave to him Acsah his daughter as a wife.
                                  14 When she came [to him], she urged him to ask her father for a field. As she dismounted from the donkey, Caleb said to her, "{What do you want}?"q

                                  References for Judges 1:14

                                    • q 1:14 - Literally "What [is] for you?"
                                      15 And she said to him, "Give me {a gift};r you have given me the land of the Negev,s and give me also a spring of water." And Caleb gave to her the upper and lower spring.t

                                      References for Judges 1:15

                                        • r 1:15 - Literally "blessing"
                                        • s 1:15 - An arid region south of the Judaean hills
                                        • t 1:15 - Judges 1:11-15 is almost identical to Joshua 15:13-19
                                          16 The descendantsu of Hobab [the] Kenite, Moses' father-in-law, went up with the descendantsv of Judah from the city of palms [into] the wilderness of Judah, which [is] in [the] Negevw [near] Arad. And they wentx and settled with the people.

                                          References for Judges 1:16

                                            • u 1:16 - Or "sons/children"
                                            • v 1:16 - Or "sons/children"
                                            • w 1:16 - An arid region south of the Judaean hills
                                            • x 1:16 - Hebrew "he went"
                                              17 And Judah went with his brother Simeon, and they defeated the Canaanitesy inhabiting Zephath; they utterly destroyed it, so he called the name of the city Hormah.

                                              References for Judges 1:17

                                                • y 1:17 - Hebrew "Canaanite"
                                                  18 Judah captured Gaza and its territory, Ashkelon and its territory, and Ekron and its territory.
                                                  19 And Yahweh was with Judah, and he took possession of the hill country, but they could not drive out the inhabitants of the plain because they [had] chariots of iron.
                                                  20 They gave Hebron to Caleb just as Moses said, and he drove out the three sons of Anak from there.
                                                  21 But the descendantsz of Benjamin did not drive out the Jebusites{ who lived in Jerusalem, so the Jebusites have lived among the descendants| of Benjamin in Jerusalem to this day.

                                                  References for Judges 1:21

                                                    • z 1:21 - Or "sons/children"
                                                    • { 1:21 - Hebrew "Jebusite"
                                                    • | 1:21 - Or "sons/children"
                                                      22 Likewise, the house of Joseph went up [against] Bethel, and Yahweh [was] with them.
                                                      23 And the house of Joseph spied out Bethel (the former name of the city was Luz).
                                                      24 And when the spies saw a man leaving the city,} they said to him, "Please show us the entrance of the city, and we will deal kindly~ with you."

                                                      References for Judges 1:24

                                                        • } 1:24 - Or "going out from the city"
                                                        • ~ 1:24 - Or "do a loyal love"
                                                          25 So he showed them the entrance of the city, and they struck the city with {the edge of the sword}, but they let go the man and all his family.

                                                          References for Judges 1:25

                                                            •  1:25 - Literally "[the] mouth of [the] sword"
                                                              26 And the man went [to] the land of the Hittites, and he built a city and named it Luz; this [is] its name to this day.
                                                              27 Manasseh did not drive out Beth-Sean and its towns, or Taanach and its towns, or the inhabitants€ of Dor and its towns, or the inhabitants of Ibleam and its towns, or the inhabitants of Megiddo and its towns; the Canaanites [were] determined to live in this land.

                                                              References for Judges 1:27

                                                                • € 1:27 - Hebrew "inhabitant"
                                                                •  1:27 - Hebrew "Canaanite"
                                                                  28 And it happened, when Israel grew strong, they put the Canaanites‚ to forced labor, but they never totally drove them out.

                                                                  References for Judges 1:28

                                                                    • ‚ 1:28 - Hebrew "Canaanite"
                                                                      29 Ephraim did not drive out the Canaanitesƒ living in Gezer, so the Canaanites„ lived in their midst in Gezer.

                                                                      References for Judges 1:29

                                                                        • ƒ 1:29 - Hebrew "Canaanite"
                                                                        • „ 1:29 - Hebrew "Canaanite"
                                                                          30 Zebulun did not drive out the inhabitants of Kitron or Nahalol, so the Canaanites… lived in their midst and became [subjected] to forced labor.

                                                                          References for Judges 1:30

                                                                            • … 1:30 - Hebrew "Canaanite"
                                                                              31 Asher did not drive out the inhabitants of Acco, Sidon, Ahlab, Aczib, Helbah, Aphik, or Rehob,
                                                                              32 so the Asherites† lived in the midst of the Canaanites,‡ the inhabitants of the land, for they did not drive them out.

                                                                              References for Judges 1:32

                                                                                • † 1:32 - Hebrew "Asherite"
                                                                                • ‡ 1:32 - Hebrew "Canaanite"
                                                                                  33 Naphtali did not drive out the inhabitants of Beth Shemesh or Beth-anath, but lived in the midst of the Canaanites,ˆ the inhabitants of the land; the inhabitants of Beth Shemesh and Beth-anath became forced labor for them.

                                                                                  References for Judges 1:33

                                                                                    • ˆ 1:33 - Hebrew "Canaanite"
                                                                                      34 The Amorites pressed‰ the descendantsŠ of Dan to the hill country, and they did not allow them to come down to the plain;

                                                                                      References for Judges 1:34

                                                                                        • ‰ 1:34 - Or "forced"
                                                                                        • Š 1:34 - Or "sons/children"
                                                                                          35 the Amorites [were] determined to live in Har-heres,‹ in Aijalon, and in Shaalbim, but the hand of the house of Joseph was heavy [on them], and they became [subjected] to forced labor.

                                                                                          References for Judges 1:35

                                                                                            • ‹ 1:35 - Or "Mount Heres"
                                                                                              36 The border of the AmoritesΠ[ran] from the ascent of Akrabbim from Sela and upward.

                                                                                              References for Judges 1:36

                                                                                                • Œ 1:36 - Hebrew "Amorite"