Luke 19 LEB

Jesus and Zacchaeus

1 And he entered [and]a traveled through Jericho.

References for Luke 19:1

    • ˔ 19:1 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("entered") has been translated as a finite verb
      2 And {there was}b a man {named}c Zacchaeus, and he was a chief tax collector, and he [was] rich.

      References for Luke 19:2

        • ˕ 19:2 - Literally "behold"
        • ˖ 19:2 - Literally "called by name"
          3 And he was seeking to see Jesus--who he was--and he was not able to as a result of the crowd, because he was short in stature.
          4 And he ran on ahead [and]d climbed up into a sycamore tree so that he could see him, because he was going to go through [that way].

          References for Luke 19:4

            • ˗ 19:4 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("ran on") has been translated as a finite verb
              5 And when he came to the place, Jesus looked up [and]e said to him, "Zacchaeus, come down quickly, because it is necessary [for] me to stay at your house today!"

              References for Luke 19:5

                • ˘ 19:5 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("looked up") has been translated as a finite verb
                  6 And he came down quickly and welcomed him joyfully.
                  7 And [when they]f saw [it],g they all began to complain,h saying, "He has gone in to find lodging with a man who is a sinner!"

                  References for Luke 19:7

                    • ˙ 19:7 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("saw") which is understood as temporal
                    • ˚ 19:7 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                    • ˛ 19:7 - *The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here ("began to complain")
                      8 And Zacchaeus stopped [and]i said to the Lord, "Behold, half of my possessions, Lord, I am giving to the poor, and if I have extorted anything from anyone, I am paying [it]j back four times [as much]!"

                      References for Luke 19:8

                        • ˜ 19:8 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("stopped") has been translated as a finite verb
                        • ˝ 19:8 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                          9 And Jesus said to him, "Today salvation has come to this house, because he too is a son of Abraham.
                          10 For the Son of Man came to seek and to save those who are lost."

                          The Parable of the Ten Minas

                          11 Now [while]k they were listening to these [things], he went on [and]l told a parable, because he was near Jerusalem and they thought that the kingdom of God was going to appear immediately.

                          References for Luke 19:11

                            • ˞ 19:11 - *Here "[while]" is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle ("were listening to")
                            • ˟ 19:11 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("went on") has been translated as a finite verb
                              12 Therefore he said, "A certain nobleman traveled to a distant country to receive for himself a kingdom and to return.
                              13 And summoning ten of his own slaves, he gave them ten minasm and said to them, 'Do business {until I come back}.'n

                              References for Luke 19:13

                                • ˠ 19:13 - A Greek monetary unit equal to 100 drachmas
                                • ˡ 19:13 - Literally "in which [time] I am coming back"
                                  14 But his citizens hated him, and sent a delegation after him, saying, 'We do not want this man to be king over us!'
                                  15 And it happened that when he returned [after]o receiving the kingdom, he ordered these slaves to whom he had given the money to be summoned to him, so that he could know what they had gained by trading.

                                  References for Luke 19:15

                                    • ˢ 19:15 - *Here "[after]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("receiving") which is understood as temporal
                                      16 So the first arrived, saying, 'Sir, your mina has made ten minas more!'
                                      17 And he said to him, 'Well done, good slave! Because you have been faithful in a very small thing, {have authority}p over ten cities.'

                                      References for Luke 19:17

                                        • ˣ 19:17 - Literally "be having authority"
                                          18 And the second came, saying, 'Sir, your mina has made five minas.'
                                          19 So he said to this one also, 'And you be over five cities.'
                                          20 And another came, saying, 'Sir, behold your mina, which I had put away for safekeeping in a piece of cloth.
                                          21 For I was afraid of you, because you are a severe man--you withdraw what you did not deposit, and you reap what you did not sow!'
                                          22 He said to him, '{By your own words}q I will judge you, wicked slave! You knew that I am a severe man, withdrawing what I did not deposit and reaping what I did not sow.

                                          References for Luke 19:22

                                            • ˤ 19:22 - Literally "from your [own] mouth"
                                              23 And why did you not give my money to the bank, and I, [when I]r returned, would have collected it with interest?'

                                              References for Luke 19:23

                                                • ˥ 19:23 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("returned") which is understood as temporal
                                                  24 And to the bystanders he said, 'Take away from him the mina and give [it]s to the one who has the ten minas!'

                                                  References for Luke 19:24

                                                    • ˦ 19:24 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                      25 And they said to him, 'Sir, he has ten minas.'
                                                      26 'I tell you that to everyone who has, [more] will be given. But from the one who does not have, even what he has will be taken away.
                                                      27 But these enemies of mine who did not want me to be king over them--bring [them]t here and slaughter them [in] my presence!'"

                                                      References for Luke 19:27

                                                        • ˧ 19:27 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation

                                                          The Triumphal Entry

                                                          28 And [after he]u had said these [things], he traveled on ahead, going up to Jerusalem.

                                                          References for Luke 19:28

                                                            • ˨ 19:28 - *Here "[after]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("had said") which is understood as temporal
                                                              29 And it happened that when he drew near to Bethphage and Bethany, to the hillv called [the Mount] of Olives, he sent two of the disciples,

                                                              References for Luke 19:29

                                                                • ˩ 19:29 - Or "mountain"
                                                                  30 saying, 'Go into the village in front of [you], in which [as you]w enter you will find a colt tied, on which {no person has ever}x sat, and untie it [and]y bring [it].z

                                                                  References for Luke 19:30

                                                                    • ˪ 19:30 - *Here "[as]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("enter") which is understood as temporal
                                                                    • ˫ 19:30 - Literally "no one of men ever"
                                                                    • ˬ 19:30 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("untie") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                                    • ˭ 19:30 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                                      31 And if anyone asks you, 'Why are you untying [it]?'{ you will say this: 'The Lord has need of it.'"

                                                                      References for Luke 19:31

                                                                        • ˮ 19:31 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                                          32 So those who were sent went [and]| found [it]} just as he had told them.

                                                                          References for Luke 19:32

                                                                            • ˯ 19:32 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("went") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                                            • ˰ 19:32 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                                              33 And [as]~ they were untying the colt, its owners said to them, 'Why are you untying the colt?'

                                                                              References for Luke 19:33

                                                                                • ˱ 19:33 - *Here "[as]" is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle ("were untying")
                                                                                  34 So they said, 'The Lord has need of it.'
                                                                                  35 And they brought it to Jesus, and throwing their cloaks on the colt, they put Jesus [on it].
                                                                                  36 And [as] he was going along, they were spreading out their cloaks on the road.

                                                                                  References for Luke 19:36

                                                                                    • ˲ 19:36 - *Here "[as]" is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle ("was going along")
                                                                                      37 Now [as]€ he was drawing near by this time to the descent from the Mount of Olives, the whole crowd of the disciples began rejoicing to praise God with a loud voice for all the miracles that they had seen,

                                                                                      References for Luke 19:37

                                                                                        • ˳ 19:37 - *Here "[as]" is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle ("was drawing near")
                                                                                          38 saying, "Blessed [is] the king, the one who comes in the name of the Lord! Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!"
                                                                                          39 And some of the Pharisees from the crowd said to him, "Teacher, rebuke your disciples!"
                                                                                          40 And he answered [and] said, "I tell you that‚ if these keep silent, the stones will cry out!"

                                                                                          References for Luke 19:40

                                                                                            • ˴ 19:40 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("answered") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                                                            • ˵ 19:40 - Some manuscripts omit "that"

                                                                                              Jesus Weeps over Jerusalem

                                                                                              41 And when he approached [and]ƒ saw the city, he wept over it,

                                                                                              References for Luke 19:41

                                                                                                • ˶ 19:41 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("approached") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                                                                  42 saying, "If you had known on this day--even you--the things [that make] for peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes.
                                                                                                  43 For days will come upon you and your enemies will put up an embankment„ against you, and will surround you and press you hard from all directions.

                                                                                                  References for Luke 19:43

                                                                                                    • ˷ 19:43 - Or "a palisade" (the term can refer to either a wooden or an earthen barricade)
                                                                                                      44 And they will raze you to the ground, [you] and your children within you, and will not leave a stone upon a stone within you, {because}… you did not recognize the time of your visitation."

                                                                                                      References for Luke 19:44

                                                                                                        • ˸ 19:44 - Literally "in return for which"

                                                                                                          The Cleansing of the Temple

                                                                                                          45 And he entered into the temple [courts]† [and]‡ began to drive out those who were selling,

                                                                                                          References for Luke 19:45

                                                                                                            • ˹ 19:45 - *Here "[courts]" is supplied to distinguish this area from the interior of the temple building itself
                                                                                                            • ˺ 19:45 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("entered") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                                                                              46 saying to them, "It is written, 'And my house will be a house of prayer,'ˆ but you have made it a cave of robbers!"

                                                                                                              References for Luke 19:46

                                                                                                                • ˻ 19:46 - A quotation from Isa 56:7
                                                                                                                  47 And he was teaching every day in the temple [courts],‰ and the chief priests and the scribes and the most prominent men of the people were seeking to destroy him.

                                                                                                                  References for Luke 19:47

                                                                                                                    • ˼ 19:47 - *Here "[courts]" is supplied to distinguish this area from the interior of the temple building itself
                                                                                                                      48 And they did not find anything they could do, because all the people were paying close attention to [what] they were hearing from him.