Matthew 20 LEB

The Parable of the Workers in the Vineyard

1 "For the kingdom of heaven is like a man--the master of the house--who went out early in the morning to hire workers for his vineyard.

References for Matthew 20:1

      2 And [after]a coming to an agreement with the workers for a denarius per day, he sent them into his vineyard.

      References for Matthew 20:2

        • Ȼ 20:2 - *Here "[after]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("coming to an agreement") which is understood as temporal
          3 And going out about the third hour, he saw others standing idle in the marketplace.
          4 And to those [people] he said, 'You also go into the vineyard, and I will give you whatever is right.'
          5 So they went. Going outb again about the sixth and ninth hour he did the same [thing].

          References for Matthew 20:5

            • ȼ 20:5 - Some manuscripts have "And going out"
              6 And about the eleventh [hour] he went out [and]c found others standing [there] and said to them, 'Why are you standing here the whole day unemployed?'

              References for Matthew 20:6

                • Ƚ 20:6 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("went out") has been translated as a finite verb
                  7 They said to him, 'Because no one hired us.' He said to them, 'You go also into the vineyard.'
                  8 And [when]d evening came, the owner of the vineyard said to his manager, 'Call the workers and pay them theire wages, beginning from the last up to the first.'

                  References for Matthew 20:8

                    • Ⱦ 20:8 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle ("came")
                    • ȿ 20:8 - Literally "the"; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
                      9 And [when] the ones [hired] about the eleventh hour came, they received a denarius apiece.
                      10 And [when]f the first came, they thought that they would receive more, and they also received a denarius apiece.

                      References for Matthew 20:10

                        • ɀ 20:10 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("came") which is understood as temporal
                          11 And [when they]g received [it],h they began to complaini against the master of the house,

                          References for Matthew 20:11

                            • Ɂ 20:11 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("received") which is understood as temporal
                            • ɂ 20:11 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                            • Ƀ 20:11 - The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here ("began to complain")
                              12 saying, 'These last [people] worked one hour and you made them equal to us who have endured the burden of the day and the burning heat!'
                              13 But he answered one of them [and]j said, 'Friend, I am not doing you wrong. Did you not come to an agreement with me for a denarius?

                              References for Matthew 20:13

                                • Ʉ 20:13 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("answered") has been translated as a finite verb
                                  14 Take [what is] yours and go! But I want to give to this last [person] [the same] as [I gave]k to you also.

                                  References for Matthew 20:14

                                    • Ʌ 20:14 - The words "[I gave]" are an implied repetition from the verb earlier in the verse
                                      15 Is it notl permitted for me to do whatever I want with [what is] mine? Or is your eye evil because I am generous?'

                                      References for Matthew 20:15

                                        • Ɇ 20:15 - Some manuscripts have "Or [is it] not"
                                          16 Thus the last will be first and the first last."

                                          Jesus Predicts His Death and Resurrection a Third Time

                                          17 And [as]m Jesus was going up to Jerusalem, he took the twelve disciples by themselves and said to them on the way,

                                          References for Matthew 20:17

                                            • ɇ 20:17 - *Here "[as]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("was going up") which is understood as temporal
                                              18 "Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be handed over to the chief priests and scribes, and they will condemn him to death,
                                              19 and will hand him over to the Gentiles to mock [him]n and flog [him]o and crucify [him],p and on the third day he will be raised."

                                              References for Matthew 20:19

                                                • Ɉ 20:19 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                • ɉ 20:19 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                • Ɋ 20:19 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation

                                                  A Request by the Mother of James and John

                                                  20 Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came up to him with her sons, [and]q kneeling down [she] askedr something from him.

                                                  References for Matthew 20:20

                                                    • ɋ 20:20 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the participle ("kneeling down") has been translated as a finite verb in keeping with English style
                                                    • Ɍ 20:20 - *Here the participle ("asked") is translated as a finite verb because of English style
                                                      21 And he said to her, "What do you want?" She said to him, "Say that these two sons of mine may sit one at your right hand and one at your left in your kingdom."
                                                      22 But Jesus answered [and]s said, "You do not know what you are asking! Are you able to drink the cup that I am about to drink?" They said to him, "We are able."

                                                      References for Matthew 20:22

                                                        • ɍ 20:22 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("answered") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                          23 He said to them, "You will indeed drink my cup, but to sit at my right hand and at my left is not minet to grant, but [is] for those for whom it has been prepared by my Father."

                                                          References for Matthew 20:23

                                                            • Ɏ 20:23 - Some manuscripts have "this is not mine"
                                                              24 And [when]u the ten heard [this],v they were indignant concerning the two brothers.

                                                              References for Matthew 20:24

                                                                • ɏ 20:24 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("heard") which is understood as temporal
                                                                • ɐ 20:24 - *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
                                                                  25 But Jesus called them to himself [and]w said, "You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and those in high positions exercise authority over them.

                                                                  References for Matthew 20:25

                                                                    • ɑ 20:25 - *Here "[and]" is supplied because the previous participle ("called ... to himself") has been translated as a finite verb
                                                                      26 It will not be like this among you! But whoever wants to become great among you must be your servant,
                                                                      27 and whoever wants to be most prominent among you must be your slave--
                                                                      28 just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life [as] a ransom for many."

                                                                      Two Blind Men Healed at Jericho

                                                                      29 And [as]x they were going out of Jericho, a large crowd followed him.

                                                                      References for Matthew 20:29

                                                                        • ɒ 20:29 - *Here "[as]" is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle ("were going out")
                                                                          30 And behold, [there were] two blind men sitting beside the road. [When they]y heard that Jesus was passing by, they called out, saying, "Lord, have mercy on us,z Son of David!"

                                                                          References for Matthew 20:30

                                                                            • ɓ 20:30 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("heard") which is understood as temporal
                                                                            • ɔ 20:30 - Some manuscripts have "Have mercy on us, Lord"
                                                                              31 And the crowd rebuked them so that they would be quiet. But they called out all the more, saying, "Lord, have mercy on us,{ Son of David!"

                                                                              References for Matthew 20:31

                                                                                • ɕ 20:31 - Some manuscripts have "Have mercy on us, Lord"
                                                                                  32 And Jesus stopped,| called them, and said, "What do you want me to do for you?"

                                                                                  References for Matthew 20:32

                                                                                    • ɖ 20:32 - *Here the participle ("stopped") is translated as a finite verb because of English style
                                                                                      33 They said to him, "Lord, that our eyes be opened!"
                                                                                      34 And having compassion, Jesus touched their eyes, and immediately they received [their] sight and followed him.