God’s Judgment on Edom

1 The vision of Obadiah. Thus says my Lord Yahweh concerning Edom:

References for Obadiah 1:1

      Edom’s Approaching Destruction

      2 "Look, I willa make you insignificant among the nations. You [will be] utterly despised!

      References for Obadiah 1:2

        • a 1:2 - The NET Bible note for this verse points out: "The Hebrew perfect verb form used here usually describes past events. However, here and several times in the following verses it is best understood as portraying certain fulfillment of events that at the time of writing were still future. It is the perfect of certitude"
          3 The pride of your heart has deceived you, you who live in the clefts of a rock, the heights of its dwelling, [you who] say in your heart: 'Who can bring me down [to the] ground?'
          4 [Even] if you soar like the eagle, [even] if your nest is set among [the] stars, from there I will bring you down!" {declares}b Yahweh:

          References for Obadiah 1:4

            • b 1:4 - Literally "a declaration of"
              5 "If thieves came to you, if plunderers of [the] night--How you have been destroyed!--would they not steal {what they wanted}?c If grape gatherers came, would they not leave gleanings?

              References for Obadiah 1:5

                • c 1:5 - Literally "their sufficiency"
                  6 How Esau has been pillaged; his treasures have been ransacked!
                  7 All of your {allies}d have driven you up to the boundary; your {confederates}e have deceived you and have prevailed against you. [Those who eat] your bread have set an ambush for you, there is nof understanding of it.g

                  References for Obadiah 1:7

                    • d 1:7 - Literally "men of your covenant"
                    • e 1:7 - Literally "men of your peace"
                    • f 1:7 - The preposition ?? plus ???? indicates the absence of a thing within a location
                    • g 1:7 - Or "in him"
                      8 On that day," {declares}h Yahweh, "will I not destroy the wise men from Edom, and understanding from the mountain of Esau?

                      References for Obadiah 1:8

                        • h 1:8 - Literally "a declaration of"
                          9 And your warriors will be shattered, [O] Teman, so that {everyone}i from the mountain of Esau will be cut off because of the slaughter!

                          References for Obadiah 1:9

                            • i 1:9 - Literally "each"

                              Edom’s Treachery against Judah

                              10 "Because of the violence done to your brother Jacob, shame will cover you and you will be cut off forever.

                              References for Obadiah 1:10

                                  11 On {the day you stood nearby},j {on the day strangers took}k his wealth, and foreigners entered his gates and cast lots over Jerusalem, you were also like one of them.

                                  References for Obadiah 1:11

                                    • j 1:11 - Literally "the day of your standing nearby"
                                    • k 1:11 - Literally "the day of the taking captive by strangers"
                                      12 But you should not have gloatedl over your brother's day, on the day of his misfortune, and you should not have rejoiced over the {people}m of Judah on the day of their perishing, and you should not have opened your mouth wide on the day of distress.

                                      References for Obadiah 1:12

                                        • l 1:12 - The Hebrew expression "to look upon" often has the sense of "to feast the eyes upon" or "to gloat over"
                                        • m 1:12 - Literally "son"
                                          13 You should not have entered the gate of my people on the day of their disaster. You also should not have gloated over his misery on the day of his disaster, and you should not have stretched out [your hands] on the day of his disaster.
                                          14 And you should not have stood at the crossroad[s] to cut off his fugitives and you should not have handed over his survivors on the day of distress.

                                          Future Judgment of the Nations

                                          15 "For the day of Yahweh [is] near against all the nations! Just as you have done, it will be done to you. Your deeds will return on your [own] head.

                                          References for Obadiah 1:15

                                              16 For just as you have drunk on {my holy mountain},n all the nations will drink continually. They will drink and they will slurp, and they will be as [if] they had never been.

                                              References for Obadiah 1:16

                                                • n 1:16 - Literally "the mountain of my holiness"
                                                  17 But on Mount Zion there will be an escape, and it will be holy, and the house of Jacob will take possession [of] their dispossessors.
                                                  18 And the house of Jacob will be a fire and the house of Joseph a flame, and the house of Esau stubble; and they will set them on fire and will consume them. And there will not be a survivor for the house of Esau," for Yahweh has spoken.

                                                  Future Blessing for Israel

                                                  19 Those of the Negev will take possession of the mountain of Esau, and those of the Shephelah [will possess the land of] the Philistines, and they shall take possession of the territory of Ephraim and the territory of Samaria, and Benjamin [will take possession of] Gilead.

                                                  References for Obadiah 1:19

                                                      20 And the exileso of this army of the people of Israel [will possess] Canaan up to Zarephath, and the exilesp of Jerusalem who [are] in Sepharad will take possession of the cities of the Negev.

                                                      References for Obadiah 1:20

                                                        • o 1:20 - Hebrew "exile"
                                                        • p 1:20 - Hebrew "exile"
                                                          21 And those who have been saved will go up on Mount Zion to rule the mountain of Esau. And the kingdom {will belong to}q Yahweh.

                                                          References for Obadiah 1:21

                                                            • q 1:21 - Literally "will be for"