1 Proverbs of Solomon, son of David, king of Israel:

References for Proverbs 1:1

      2 To know wisdom and instruction, to understand sayings of understanding,
      3 to gain {insightful instruction},a righteousness and justice and equity,

      References for Proverbs 1:3

        • a 1:3 - Literally "the instruction of insight"
          4 to give shrewdnessb to the simple, knowledge and purposec to the young,

          References for Proverbs 1:4

            • b 1:4 - Or "cleverness," or "prudence"
            • c 1:4 - Or "plan"
              5 may the wise hear and increase learning, and the one who understands gain direction,d

              References for Proverbs 1:5

                • d 1:5 - Or "guidance"
                  6 to understand a proverb and an expression, words of wisdom and their riddles.
                  7 Fear of Yahweh [is the] beginning of knowledge; wisdom and instruction, fools despise.

                  Lecture Against Gang Behavior

                  8 My child, may you keepe your father's instruction, and do not reject your mother's teachings,

                  References for Proverbs 1:8

                    • e 1:8 - Or "obey," or "hear"
                      9 for they [are] a garland of favor for your head, and pendants for your neck.
                      10 My child, if sinners entice you, do not consent.
                      11 If they say, "Come with us! We shall lie in wait for blood; we shall ambush the innocent without cause.f

                      References for Proverbs 1:11

                        • f 1:11 - Or "wantonly," or "for nothing"
                          12 Like Sheol,g we will swallow them alive and whole, {like those who descend to the pit}.h

                          References for Proverbs 1:12

                            • g 1:12 - A term for the place where the dead reside, i.e., the Underworld
                            • h 1:12 - Literally "like the descenders of a pit"
                              13 We shall find all precious wealth, we shall fill our houses [with] booty,
                              14 you shall throw your lot in our midst, there will be one purse for all of us."
                              15 My child, do not walk in their way.i Keep your foot from their paths,

                              References for Proverbs 1:15

                                • i 1:15 - Or "on their road"
                                  16 for their feet run to evil, and they hurry to shed blood,
                                  17 for "in vainj is the net scattered, in the sight of any {winged bird}."k

                                  References for Proverbs 1:17

                                    • j 1:17 - Or "without cause," or "for nothing"
                                    • k 1:17 - Literally "bird of wing"
                                      18 They lie in wait for their [own] blood. They ambush their [own] lives.
                                      19 Thus are the ways of all who are greedy [for] gain-- it will take the life of its possessors.

                                      The Call of Lady Wisdom

                                      20 Wisdom calls out in the streets, in the squares she raises her voice.

                                      References for Proverbs 1:20

                                          21 On a {busy corner}l she cries out, at the entrances of the gates in the city, she speaks her sayings:

                                          References for Proverbs 1:21

                                            • l 1:21 - Literally "head of commotion," or "head of stirring, bustling"
                                              22 "{How long},m O simple ones, will you love simplicity? And [how long] will scoffers delight in their scoffing, and fools hate knowledge?

                                              References for Proverbs 1:22

                                                • m 1:22 - Literally "Until when"
                                                  23 May you turn to my argument!n Behold, I shall pour out my spirit upon you; I will make my words known to you.

                                                  References for Proverbs 1:23

                                                    • n 1:23 - Or "turn at my reproach"
                                                      24 Because I called out and you refused me, I stretched out my hand, yet there is none who heeds.
                                                      25 You have ignored all my counsel, and my reproof you are not willing [to accept].
                                                      26 I will also laugh at your calamity;o I will mock when panicp comes [upon] you.

                                                      References for Proverbs 1:26

                                                        • o 1:26 - Or "downfall"
                                                        • p 1:26 - Or "dread, fear"
                                                          27 When your panic comes like a storm, and your calamity arrives like a whirlwind, when distress and anguish come upon you,
                                                          28 then they will callq me, but I will not answer; they will seek me diligently but not find me.

                                                          References for Proverbs 1:28

                                                            • q 1:28 - Or "cry out [to]"
                                                              29 Since they hated knowledge, and did not choose the fear of Yahweh,
                                                              30 they were not willing [to accept] my counsel, they despised all my reproof.
                                                              31 They shall eat from the fruit of their way, and they shall be sated from their own schemes,
                                                              32 for the waywardness of the simple ones will kill them, and the complacency of fools will destroy them.
                                                              33 Whoever listens to me will dwell in security and rest securelyr from dread and disaster."

                                                              References for Proverbs 1:33

                                                                • r 1:33 - Or "be at ease, peace"