Psalm 78 LEB

A maskil of Asaph.

God’s Faithfulness in Israel’s History

1 aListen, O my people, to my teaching. Incline your ears to the words of my mouth.

References for Psalms 78:1

    • ʫ 78:1 - The Hebrew Bible counts the superscription as the first verse of the psalm
      2 I will offerb a parable [with] my mouth. I will pour out riddles from long ago,

      References for Psalms 78:2

        • ʬ 78:2 - Hebrew "open"
          3 that we have heard and known, and our ancestorsc have told us.

          References for Psalms 78:3

            • ʭ 78:3 - Or "fathers"
              4 We will not hide [them] from their children,d telling the next generation the praises of Yahweh, and his power and his wonders that he has done.

              References for Psalms 78:4

                • ʮ 78:4 - Or "descendants"
                  5 For he established a testimony in Jacob, and appointed a lawe in Israel, which he commanded our ancestorsf to teach to their children,

                  References for Psalms 78:5

                    • ʯ 78:5 - Hebrew torah
                    • ʰ 78:5 - Or "fathers"
                      6 so that [the] next generation might know-- children [yet to] be born-- [that] they might rise up and tell their children,
                      7 that they might set their confidence in God, and not forget the deeds of God, but keep his commandments,
                      8 and not be like their ancestors,g a stubborn and rebellious generation, a generation [that] did not make ready its heart, whose spirit was not faithful [to] God.

                      References for Psalms 78:8

                        • ʱ 78:8 - Or "fathers"
                          9 The sons of Ephraim, {armed with archers},h turned back on [the] day of battle.

                          References for Psalms 78:9

                            • ʲ 78:9 - Literally "armed with shooters of the bow"
                              10 They did not keep the covenant of God and refused to go in his law.i

                              References for Psalms 78:10

                                • ʳ 78:10 - Hebrew torah
                                  11 They also forgot his deeds, and his wonders that he had shown them.
                                  12 In front of their ancestorsj he did a wonder, in the land of Egypt, [in] the region of Zoan.

                                  References for Psalms 78:12

                                    • ʴ 78:12 - Or "fathers"
                                      13 He split the sea and caused them to go over, and he caused waters to stand like a heap.
                                      14 And he led them with the cloud by day, and all night with a fiery light.
                                      15 He caused rocks to split in the wilderness and provided drink abundantly as [from the] depths.
                                      16 And he brought streams out of [the] rock and caused water to flow down like rivers.
                                      17 But they sinned still further against him by rebelling [against the] Most High in the desert.
                                      18 And they tested God in their heart [by] asking food {for their craving}.k

                                      References for Psalms 78:18

                                        • ʵ 78:18 - Literally "for their soul"
                                          19 And they spoke against God. They said, "Is God able to prepare a table in the wilderness?
                                          20 Yes, he struck [the] rock and water flowed and streams gushed out, [but] can he also give food or provide meat for his people?"
                                          21 Therefore Yahweh heard and he was very angry, and a fire was kindled against Jacob, and [his] anger also rose up against Israel,
                                          22 because they did not believe God, and they did not trust his salvation.
                                          23 Nevertheless, he commanded [the] skies above and opened [the] doors of heaven,
                                          24 and rained down on them manna to eat and gave them the grain of heaven.
                                          25 Humankind ate [the] bread of {angels}.l He sent them food [enough] to be satisfied.

                                          References for Psalms 78:25

                                            • ʶ 78:25 - Literally "mighty ones"
                                              26 He caused [the] east wind to blow in the heavens and drove along [the] south wind by his strength.
                                              27 Then he rained meat on them like dust, even winged birdsm like [the] sand of [the] seas.

                                              References for Psalms 78:27

                                                • ʷ 78:27 - Hebrew "bird"
                                                  28 He caused [them] to fall in the midst of his camp, all around his dwellings.
                                                  29 So they ate and were well filled, and he brought about [what] they craved.
                                                  30 They had not yet turned aside from their craving, [while] their food [was] still in their mouth,
                                                  31 the anger of God rose against them, and he killed some of the stoutest of them, even the young men of Israel he caused to bow down [in death].
                                                  32 In spite of all this they sinned further and did not believe his wonders.
                                                  33 And he consumed their days with futility n their years with terror.o

                                                  References for Psalms 78:33

                                                    • ʸ 78:33 - Or "he ended their days like a breath"
                                                    • ʹ 78:33 - Or "and their years suddenly"
                                                      34 When he killed [some of] them, then they sought him, and repented and earnestly sought God.
                                                      35 And they remembered that God [was] their rock, and God Most High their redeemer.
                                                      36 But they enticed him with their mouth and lied to him with their tongue.
                                                      37 For their heart was not steadfast with him, nor were they faithful to his covenant.
                                                      38 But he [was] compassionate; he pardonedp [their] guilt and did not destroy [them]. And many [times] he turned back his anger and did not stir up all his wrath,

                                                      References for Psalms 78:38

                                                        • ʺ 78:38 - Or "covered," or "atoned for"
                                                          39 for he remembered that they [were] flesh, a passing wind that does not return.
                                                          40 How often they rebelled against him in the wilderness and vexed him in [the] wasteland!
                                                          41 So they again tested God and distressedq the Holy One of Israel.

                                                          References for Psalms 78:41

                                                            • ʻ 78:41 - Or perhaps, "pressed to the limit"
                                                              42 And they did not remember his {power}r {when}s he redeemed them from the enemy,

                                                              References for Psalms 78:42

                                                                • ʼ 78:42 - Literally "hand"
                                                                • ʽ 78:42 - Literally "the day that"
                                                                  43 how he performedt his signs in Egypt and his wonders in the region of Zoan,

                                                                  References for Psalms 78:43

                                                                    • ʾ 78:43 - Hebrew "set"
                                                                      44 when he turned their riversu to blood so they could not drink [from] their streams.

                                                                      References for Psalms 78:44

                                                                        • ʿ 78:44 - Normally the word for the Nile, with the plural here suggesting perhaps it and its canals
                                                                          45 He sent among them flies that devoured them and frogs that destroyed them.
                                                                          46 And he gave their crop to the locusts and their labor to the locust.v

                                                                          References for Psalms 78:46

                                                                            • ˀ 78:46 - Two different words translated "locusts"
                                                                              47 He destroyed their vines with hail and their sycamore trees with sleet.w

                                                                              References for Psalms 78:47

                                                                                • ˁ 78:47 - The word for "sleet" is only used here, and the translation is a guess based on context
                                                                                  48 He also handed their cattle over to the hail and their livestock to the lightning bolts.
                                                                                  49 He sent against them his fierce anger, rage and indignation and trouble, a band of {destroying}x angels.

                                                                                  References for Psalms 78:49

                                                                                    • ˂ 78:49 - Literally "evil"
                                                                                      50 He cleared a path for his anger. He did not spare themy from death but handed their life over to the plague.

                                                                                      References for Psalms 78:50

                                                                                        • ˃ 78:50 - Hebrew "their soul"
                                                                                          51 And he struck down all [the] firstborn in Egypt, [the] first of [their] virility in the tents of Ham.
                                                                                          52 Then he led out his people like sheep and guided them like a herd in the wilderness.
                                                                                          53 And he led them safely and they were not afraid, but the sea covered their enemies.
                                                                                          54 So he brought them to his holy territory,z this mountain his right hand acquired.{

                                                                                          References for Psalms 78:54

                                                                                            • ˄ 78:54 - Hebrew "border"
                                                                                            • ˅ 78:54 - Or "had created"
                                                                                              55 And he drove out nations before them and allocated them for an inheritance by [boundary] line, and settled the tribes of Israel in their tents.
                                                                                              56 But they tested and rebelled against God Most High and did not keep his statutes.
                                                                                              57 And they turned and were treacherous like their ancestors.| They twisted like a crooked} bow.

                                                                                              References for Psalms 78:57

                                                                                                • ˆ 78:57 - Or "fathers"
                                                                                                • ˇ 78:57 - Or "deceitful"
                                                                                                  58 For they provoked him to anger with their high places, and made him jealous with their images.
                                                                                                  59 God heard and he was very angry and rejected Israel utterly.
                                                                                                  60 So he abandoned the dwelling place at Shiloh, [the] tent he had placed among humankind.
                                                                                                  61 And he gave his strength into captivity and his splendor into [the] hand of [the] enemy.
                                                                                                  62 He also handed his people over to the sword, and he was very angry with his inheritance.
                                                                                                  63 Fire devoured his young men, and his young women~ were not praised.

                                                                                                  References for Psalms 78:63

                                                                                                    • ˈ 78:63 - Or "virgins"
                                                                                                      64 His priests fell by the sword, and his widows did not weep.
                                                                                                      65 Then the Lord awoke like [one who had been] asleep, [awoke] like a warrior who had been drunk with wine.

                                                                                                      References for Psalms 78:65

                                                                                                        • ˉ 78:65 - Or "like a warrior shouting because of wine"
                                                                                                          66 And he beat back his enemies; he gave them over to perpetual scorn.
                                                                                                          67 And he rejected the tent of Joseph, and did not chose the tribe of Ephraim,
                                                                                                          68 but chose the tribe of Judah, {Mount Zion}€ that he loved.

                                                                                                          References for Psalms 78:68

                                                                                                            • ˊ 78:68 - Literally "the mountain of Zion"
                                                                                                              69 And he built his sanctuary like [the] heights, like [the] earth that he established forever.
                                                                                                              70 And he chose David his servant and took him from [the] sheepfolds.
                                                                                                              71 He brought him from following nursing ewes to shepherd Jacob, his people, and Israel, his inheritance.
                                                                                                              72 And he shepherded them according to the integrity of his heart, and led them by the skillfulness of his hands.