Romans 9:1-13 LEB

Israel’s Rejection

1 I am telling the truth in Christ--[I am] not lying; my conscience bears witness to me in the Holy Spirit--

References for Romans 9:1

      2 that my grief is great and [there is] constant distress in my heart.
      3 For I could wish myself to be accursed from Christ for the sake of my brothers, my fellow countrymen according to the flesh,
      4 who are Israelites, [to] whom [belong] the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the [temple] service, and the promises,
      5 [to] whom [belong] the patriarchs, and from whom [is] the Christ according to human descent, who is God over all, blessed {forever}a! Amen.

      References for Romans 9:5

        • ´ 9:5 - Literally "for eternity"
          6 But [it is] not as if the word of God had failed. For not all those [who are descended] from Israel [are truly] Israel,
          7 nor [are they] all children because they are descendants of Abraham, but "In Isaac will your descendants be named."b

          References for Romans 9:7

            • µ 9:7 - A quotation from Gen 21:12
              8 That is, [it is] not the children {by human descent}c [who are] children of God, but the children of the promise are counted as descendants.

              References for Romans 9:8

                • 9:8 - Literally "of the flesh"
                  9 For the statement of the promise [is] this: "At this time I will return and {Sarah will have}d a son."e

                  References for Romans 9:9

                    • · 9:9 - Literally "there will be to Sarah"
                    • ¸ 9:9 - A quotation from Gen 18:10, 14
                      10 And not only [this], but also [when]f Rebecca conceived children by one [man],g Isaac our father--

                      References for Romans 9:10

                        • ¹ 9:10 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("having conception" = "conceived") which is understood as temporal
                        • º 9:10 - Or perhaps "by one [act of sexual intercourse]"
                          11 for [although they]h had not yet been born, or done anything good or evil, in order that the purpose of God according to election might remain,

                          References for Romans 9:11

                            • » 9:11 - *Here "[although]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("been born") which is understood as concessive
                              12 not by works but by the one who calls--it was said to her, "The older will serve the younger,"i

                              References for Romans 9:12

                                • ¼ 9:12 - A quotation from Gen 25:23
                                  13 just as it is written, "Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated."j

                                  References for Romans 9:13

                                    • ½ 9:13 - A quotation from Mal 1:2-3