Pilate called together the chief priests, the rulers and the people,
and said to them, "You brought me this man as one who was inciting the people to rebellion. I have examined him in your presence and have found no basis for your charges against him.
References for Luke 23:14
Neither has Herod, for he sent him back to us; as you can see, he has done nothing to deserve death.
Therefore, I will punish him1 and then release him. "
References for Luke 23:16
With one voice they cried out, "Away with this man! Release Barabbas to us!"2
References for Luke 23:18
(Barabbas had been thrown into prison for an insurrection in the city, and for murder.
Wanting to release Jesus, Pilate appealed to them again.
But they kept shouting, "Crucify him! Crucify him!
For the third time he spoke to them: "Why? What crime has this man committed? I have found in him no grounds for the death penalty. Therefore I will have him punished and then release him."3
References for Luke 23:22
But with loud shouts they insistently demanded that he be crucified, and their shouts prevailed.
So Pilate decided to grant their demand.
He released the man who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, the one they asked for, and surrendered Jesus to their will.
As they led him away, they seized Simon from Cyrene,4 who was on his way in from the country, and put the cross on him and made him carry it behind Jesus.5
References for Luke 23:26
A large number of people followed him, including women who mourned and wailed6 for him.
References for Luke 23:27
Jesus turned and said to them, "Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me; weep for yourselves and for your children.7
References for Luke 23:28
For the time will come when you will say, 'Blessed are the barren women, the wombs that never bore and the breasts that never nursed!'8
References for Luke 23:29
Then " 'they will say to the mountains, "Fall on us!" and to the hills, "Cover us!" '9
References for Luke 23:30
For if men do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?"10
References for Luke 23:31
Two other men, both criminals, were also led out with him to be executed.11
References for Luke 23:32
When they came to the place called the Skull, there they crucified him, along with the criminals--one on his right, the other on his left.
Jesus said, "Father,12 forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing."13 And they divided up his clothes by casting lots.14
References for Luke 23:34
The people stood watching, and the rulers even sneered at him.15 They said, "He saved others; let him save himself if he is the Christ of God, the Chosen One."16
References for Luke 23:35
The soldiers also came up and mocked him.17 They offered him wine vinegar
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and said, "If you are the king of the Jews,18 save yourself."
References for Luke 23:37
There was a written notice above him, which read: this is the king of the jews.
References for Luke 23:38
One of the criminals who hung there hurled insults at him: "Aren't you the Christ? Save yourself and us!"19
References for Luke 23:39