Abijah Succeeds Rehoboam

1 1In the eighteenth * year of King Jeroboam, Abijah became king over Judah.
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2 He reigned three years in Jerusalem; and his mother's name was Micaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. 2Now there was war between Abijah and Jeroboam.
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Civil War

4 Then Abijah stood on Mount 3Zemaraim, which is in the hill country of Ephraim, and said, "Listen to me, Jeroboam and all Israel:
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5 "Do you not know that 4the LORD God of Israel gave the rule over Israel forever to David and his sons by 5a covenant of salt?
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    • a 13:5 - Lit "to him and to his sons"
      6 "Yet 6Jeroboam the son of Nebat, the servant of Solomon the son of David, rose up and rebelled against his master,
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      7 and worthless men gathered about him, scoundrels *, who proved too strong for Rehoboam, the son of Solomon, when 7he was young and timid * and could not hold his own against them.
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      8 "So now you intend to resist the kingdom of the LORD through the sons of David, being a great multitude and having with you 8the golden calves which Jeroboam made for gods for you.
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        • d 13:8 - Lit "in the hands of"
        • e 13:8 - Lit "and you are a"
          9 "9Have you not driven out the priests of the LORD, the sons of Aaron and the Levites, and made for yourselves priests like the peoples of other lands? Whoever comes 10to consecrate * himself with a young bull and seven rams, even he may become a priest of what are 11no gods.
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          10 "But as for us, the LORD is our God, and we have not forsaken Him; and the sons of Aaron are ministering to the LORD as priests, and the Levites attend to their work.
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            • f 13:10 - Lit "in the work"
              11 "Every morning and evening 12they burn to the LORD burnt offerings and fragrant incense, and 13the showbread * is set on the clean table, and the golden lampstand with its lamps is ready to light every evening; for we keep the charge of the LORD our God, but you have forsaken Him.
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              12 "Now behold, God is with us at our head and 14His priests with the signal trumpets to sound the alarm against you. O sons of Israel, do not fight against the LORD God of your fathers, for you will not succeed."
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              13 But Jeroboam 15had set an ambush to come from the rear, so that Israel was in front of Judah and the ambush was behind * them.
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              14 When Judah turned around, behold, they were attacked both front and rear; so 16they cried to the LORD, and the priests blew the trumpets.
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                • h 13:14 - Lit "the battle was before and behind them"
                  15 Then the men of Judah raised a war cry, and when the men of Judah raised the war cry, then it was that God 17routed Jeroboam and all Israel before Abijah and Judah.
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                  16 When the sons of Israel fled before * Judah, 18God gave them into their hand.
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                  17 Abijah and his people defeated them with a great slaughter, so that 500,000 * * chosen men of Israel fell slain.
                  18 Thus the sons of Israel were subdued at that time, and the sons of Judah conquered 19because they trusted in the LORD, the God of their fathers.
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                  19 Abijah pursued Jeroboam and captured from him several cities, Bethel with its villages, Jeshanah with its villages and Ephron with its villages.
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                    • k 13:19 - Another reading is "Ephrain"

                      Death of Jeroboam

                      20 Jeroboam did not again recover strength in the days of Abijah; and the 20LORD struck him and 21he died.
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                      21 But Abijah became powerful; and took fourteen * wives to himself, and became the father of twenty-two * sons and sixteen * daughters.
                      22 Now the rest of the acts of Abijah, and his ways and his words are written in 22the treatise of 23the prophet Iddo.
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