Esther 9:20-32 NAS

The Feast of Purim Instituted

20 Then Mordecai recorded these events, and he sent letters to all the Jews who were in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus, both near and far,

References for Esther 9:20

      21 obliging * them to celebrate the fourteenth * day of the month Adar, and the fifteenth * day of the same month, annually *,

      References for Esther 9:21

        • k 9:21 - Lit "in it"
          22 because on those days the Jews rid themselves of their enemies, and it was a month which was 1turned for them from sorrow into gladness and from mourning into a holiday *; that they should make them days of feasting and rejoicing and 2sending portions of food to one another and gifts to the poor.

          References for Esther 9:22

            • l 9:22 - Lit "had rest from"
            • m 9:22 - Lit "good day"
              23 Thus the Jews undertook what they had started to do, and what Mordecai had written to them.
              24 For Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the adversary of all the Jews, had schemed against the Jews to destroy them and 3had cast Pur, that is the lot, to disturb them and destroy them.

              References for Esther 9:24

              25 But 4when it came to the king's attention, he commanded by letter 5that his wicked scheme which he had devised against the Jews, 6should return on his own head and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows.

              References for Esther 9:25

                • n 9:25 - Lit "before the king, he"
                • o 9:25 - Lit "schemed"
                • p 9:25 - Lit "tree"
                  26 Therefore * they called these days Purim after the name of Pur. And 7because of the instructions in this letter, both what they had seen in this regard and what had happened to them,

                  References for Esther 9:26

                    • q 9:26 - Lit "Therefore because of all the words"
                      27 the Jews established and made a custom for themselves and for their descendants and for 8all those who allied themselves with them, so that they would not fail 9to celebrate these two days according to their regulation and according to their appointed time annually *.

                      References for Esther 9:27

                        • r 9:27 - Lit "received"
                        • s 9:27 - Lit "seed"
                        • t 9:27 - Lit "it should not pass away"
                        • u 9:27 - Lit "writing"
                          28 So these days were to be remembered and celebrated throughout every generation, every family, every province and every city; and these days of Purim were not to fail from among the Jews, or their memory fade from their descendants.

                          References for Esther 9:28

                            • v 9:28 - Lit "pass away"
                            • w 9:28 - Lit "end"
                            • x 9:28 - Lit "seed"
                              29 Then Queen Esther, 10daughter of Abihail, with Mordecai the Jew, wrote with full authority to confirm 11this second letter about Purim.

                              References for Esther 9:29

                              30 He sent letters to all the Jews, 12to the 127 * * provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, namely, words of peace and truth,

                              References for Esther 9:30

                              31 to establish these days of Purim at their appointed times, just as Mordecai the Jew and Queen Esther had established for them, and just as they had established for themselves and for their descendants with instructions 13for their times of fasting and their lamentations.

                              References for Esther 9:31

                                • y 9:31 - Lit "seed"
                                • z 9:31 - Lit "words"
                                  32 The command of Esther established these customs for 14Purim, and it was written in the book.

                                  References for Esther 9:32

                                    • { 9:32 - Lit "words"